The Female Reproductive System

Most species have two sexes: male and female. Each sex has its own unique reproductive system. They are different in shape and structure, but both are specifically designed to produce, nourish, and transport either the egg or sperm.

Unlike the male, the human female has a reproductive system located entirely in the pelvis (that's the lowest part of the abdomen). The external part of the female reproductive organs is called the vulva, which means covering. Located between the legs, the vulva covers the opening to the vagina and other reproductive organs located inside the body.

At any point in the discussion, the student should be able to identify the importance of the female reproductive system, name the parts of the female reproductive system, and identify the function of each part in the female reproductive system.

Parts of the Female Reproductive System

The human female reproductive system is made up of ovaries, egg (fallopian) tubes, uterus, cervix and vagina. All these are a vital part of the reproduction process. Below is a diagram of how the parts are set up in the female body.

Parts of the Female Reproductive System

Review of the Parts of the Female Reproductive System

  • Oviduct
  • Ovaries
  • Uterus
  • Cervix
  • Vagina

Identification of Functions of the Female Reproductive System

Match the part of the female reproductive system to its corresponding function.
  • Oviduct
    The vessel through which egg cell travels to the uterus.
  • Uterus
    It is like an inverted pear held in place by ligaments and muscle and holds the fertilized egg and nurtures it till it is a fully developed baby.
  • Ovaries
    It is where the egg cells are stored.
  • Cervix
    It is a ring of muscle located at the lower third portion of the uterus and forms a barrier between the uterus and the vagina.
  • Vagina
    It is an elastic, muscular canal that connects the cervix to the outside of the woman’s body and the tube that receives the male organ during mating.