Finding cultural references and evidence

During this lesson you are expected to identify cultural references and find evidence to support your ideas

About Cultural References

To complete this section use pages 84 and 85 of your textbook

  • Grace Nichols is an award-winning poetess born in Georgetown, Guayana. After working as a teacher and journalist, she emigrated to the UK.
    A lot of her poetry features Caribben rythms and Creole culture.
  • Standard English is spoken and written language that is thought to be clear and correct in both its spelling and grammar.
    It is the type of English you are expected to use in school.
  • The word Kyatta-pilla is a cultural reference used in Grace Nichol's poem Be a Butterfly.
    it means a small, long animal with many legs that feeds on the leaves of plants, and develops into a butterfly
  • Fufu and pigtail are cultural references
    of the foods eaten in the Guayanese Creole culture.
  • Writers may use words or phrases that are not standard English to show
    the speech patterns of their culture.

Decide if the following statements are true or false.

  • This quote is an example of Standard English: "That was de life preacher and you was right"
  • In the poem, the word "rivulets" is used to refer to the preacher's very small streams of saliva dripping from his mouth.
  • In the poem, the word mahogany is used to refer to skin color.
  • This quote is an example of Standard English: "and afterwards we always went home to split peas Sunday soup"
  • Siesta, txoko and paella are examples of words that references the Spanish culture.

About Relevant Evidence

To complete this section use pages 86 and 87 of your textbook

When you write about a story you need  to support your ideas. You can use  from the text as evidence.

Refugee Boy was written by it references the war between The story describes the main character's  of the English and African culture.

After reading chapter 3: This is War, we know that Alem's parents  We also learned that after the war broke again Alem and his family 

By the end of the story we know that Alem's father  so that he could stay safely in England as 

Sharpen your skills

Parts of a sentence: subject, verb, object.


The subject tells us who or what the sentence is about.


The verb tells us what a person or thing does.


The object tells us who or what has been afected by the action of the verb.

Write the sentences below, then circle and label the subject, verb and object.

1. Some of the children at the school picked on Alem.

2. The police frightened Alem's family.

3. Miss Yosy will be teaching Year 7 students.

4. BSN students speak standard English to each other all the time.

5. the classroom is tidied up by the students.

Practice your knowledge.

Write three simple sentences:

1. Use Alem as the subject and another character of the story as the object. 

2. Use one of the authors we've been studying as the subject. 

3. Use yourself as the object of your sentence.