Step 3: Inside the classroom
When you want to flip the classroom, there are 4 steps you need to follow. This course contains the third step: Lecture inside the classroom. Your task as a teacher/trainer/coach and the right way to interact with your students will be explained, based on a concrete example of a lecture about 'feedback'.
Changing role of the teacher/trainer/coach
The last step of flipping the classroom takes place in the classroom itself, in interaction with the teacher/trainer/coach. The learners will engage in different activities in the classroom. The activities in a flipped classroom will differ from the activities in a traditional classroom because the teacher/trainer/coach focuses on the higher order learning skills. Two examples of how activities can be organized in de flipped classroom can be find below:
1. Discussion: the learners will enter a conversation in little groups and talk about the topic 'feedback'. You as a teacher/trainer/coach can guide the discussion by providing some questions:
- How can you give effective feedback?
- What is the difference between evaluation and feedback?
- What do you have to keep in mind when you receive feedback?
2. Worksheet: give the learners an overview of the different assignments that they can solve independently:
- Make a sketch of a situation where some receives good and constructive feedback
- Make a sketch of a situation where some receives bad and destructive feedback
- Let them see a movie about good and bad feedback (like one in the videolectures) and start a discussion about why it was good or bad
- Based on a script, do a role play with a classmate where someone gives and receives feedback, and let two other students watch and give comments. Afterwards, switch the roles.
Discussiona conversation about a question in an open debate
Worksheetstudents work independently on different assignments at their own pace
Role playAct and speak as a character to practice some skills
Because of the the different way of teaching/training/coaching in a flipped classroom, it is recommended to adapt the assessment on this way of working. So it is necessary to implement teamwork friendly assessment, group based assessment and instant feedback. An example of a way to assess the learners is showed below. As a teacher/trainer/coach, you can give your students a chart with "good feedback" and "bad feedback", "receiver" and "giver". Than you can let the learners make notes on post-it's about what they have learned op giving and receiving feedback and let them (in group discussion) paste the right post-its on the right place in the table. At the end of a section you can organize a bigger test to assess the overall knowledge. If it fits in the context, it is possible to let the learners work together on this test, to keep the discussion and conversation element going.
- Listen attentively
- Defend yourself strongly
- Short and to the point
- Be destructive
Flipping the classroom is not an easy proces. The role of the teacher/trainer/coach is changing and there is also more variation in assignments given in class. Furthermore you need to keep your learners motivated and secure their own responsibility and autonomy. Giving incentives can be useful in this proces. When giving the assignments it is recommended to start simple and gradually take your task to a higher level of difficulty. For every level you can give your learners a sort of a reward (e.g. an imaginary medal or trophy) to keep them motivated and engaged.