The Five Climatic Factors

Main objective: to identify the FIVE FACTORS a country's CLIMATE depends on and to learn what they are. 

Let's start thinking!

Identify the climatic zones

1- Amazon Rainforest 

2- Canadian forrest

3- The North Pole

4- Greek island

5- Arizona Desert

6- Andes mountain range

Identify each of the climatic zones shown in the pictures.

1- 

2- 

3- 

4- 

5-

6-

The five factors that determine climate (part 1)

Which are these factors and what do they mean?

  • Latitude
    how far north or south of the equator a place is
  • Altitude
    height above sea-level
  • Sea distance
    how far a place is from the sea
  • Prevailing winds
    the usual direction of the wind in a place
  • Major wind belts
    the six winds that determine the precipitation (rainfall) characteristics of a place

The five factors that determine climate (part 2)

Read the text and choose the appropriate answer

As you go further from the equator,

  • the sun's angle is lower
  • overall temperature decreases
  • temperature range increases
  • all of the above

Read the text and choose the appropriate answer

Why are inland areas drier than coastal areas?

  • because the winds have lost their moisture by the time they reach the there
  • because the coasts have a smaller temperature range
  • because the land heats up and cools down faster than the sea

Read the text and choose the appropriate answer

The wet and dry seasons are caused by:

  • prevailing winds
  • altitude
  • the 6 major wind belts
  • the distance from the sea
  • latitude
  • none of the above

Read the text and choose the appropriate answer

Which of these places has the lowest altitude?

  • Palma de Mallorca
  • Pamplona
  • Mount Teide