PREVENT E-Learning module 2017 (copy)

NHS Leeds South and East Clinical Commissioning Group

PREVENT Course (copy)


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We are the Leeds Health economy and this is our UNITED approach to safeguarding training in Leeds

This e-learning resource is for staff at the following organisations in Leeds:

Leeds and York Partnership NHS Foundation Trust

Leeds Community Healthcare NHS Trust

Leeds Teaching Hospitals NHS Trust

NHS Leeds Clinical Commissioning Groups Partnership.


Prevent is one of four strands in the UK Government’s counter-terrorism strategy, CONTEST.

CONTEST is the UK strategy to deal with terrorism so that people can go about their lives freely and with confidence – Prevent is about vulnerability not criminality.

  •  At the heart of Prevent is safeguarding children and adults and providing early intervention to protect and divert people away from being drawn into terrorist activity and extremism. 
  • Prevent addresses all forms of terrorism and non-violent extremism including far right wing and Islamist extremism threatening the UK.

Why do I need to know about Prevent?

Did you know that over 20,000 people currently work within the NHS in Leeds? As health professionals, we come into contact with many people who could be at risk of radicalisation. It’s important we know what to look for:

Click on (i) to find out more:

Key points:

What will I learn?

By the end of this e-learning you will be able to:

  • Understand who maybe vulnerable to radicalisation
  • Understand how some people are able to influence and radicalise others to contemplate terrorism
  • Recognise when an individual may need help
  • Know what help and support looks like in Leeds and who you speak to in your organisation if you have concerns

What does terrorism mean to you?

Please take a moment to consider what the images below represent to you. Then compare your thoughts with the statements that can be revealed by clicking the ‘i’ icon

Busting myths

  • Individuals cannot be groomed and encouraged to carry out acts of violence via online radicalisation.
  • Individuals including young girls and whole families in West Yorkshire have travelled to conflict zones to join terrorist groups.
  • The perpetrators of the 7/7 attacks had a strong link to Leeds and came into contact with NHS staff in city.

Current themes in our area

Please read the information below

You will be asked some questions on the following slide

Conflict in Syria / Iraq

Families from West Yorkshire are known to have travelled to countries in the middle east where is it believed that they have been radicalised by terrorist group such as ISIS.  This video tells you more about how this devastates families

Online Extremism

This is a picture of an online extremist magazine. Regardless of ideology online extremism continues to be a significant threat

Domestic Extremism

Domestic extremism mainly refers to individuals or groups that carry out criminal acts in pursuit of a larger agenda such as right wing extremists. An example being  National action who are now banned  and are known to have had a presence in Leeds..

Lone Actors

This is a picture of Thomas Mair - Lone actors  are an emerging theme is recent terrorist activity. Thomas Mair is a local example of an individual being influenced by an ideology that seeks to cause harm and division.

Which are the current themes in our area?

Tick the themes below that are current in Leeds

  • Conflict in Syria / Iraq
  • Online extremism
  • Domestic extremism
  • Lone actors in terrorist activity

Prevent iceberg

The Prevent iceberg illustrates the process of radicalisation in the non-criminal space. The non-criminal space is the period before a crime is committed, and it is during this time that radicalisers can exploit individuals’ vulnerabilities and influence them to later commit acts of terror.

Neil’s story

Please watch the following video which tells you about Neil. Neil is exposed to Al Qa’ida influenced extremism over a lengthy period of time and is eventually safeguarded under PREVENT. We will be asking you questions about Neil’s story afterwards.

Which of the following vulnerabilities were seen in Neil's circumstances

Now you have watched Neil's story, you should have noticed some of the vulnerabilities that could have made Neil a target for radicalisation. Please answer the following questions:

  • Drug and alcohol abuse
  • Lack of family support
  • Physical disability
  • Mental illness

Neil was radicalised in prison. Which of the following was a factor in this process

  • Terror attack happened when in prison
  • Neil’s lack of identity was exploited by the radicalisers
  • The radicalisers told Neil that in heaven he would be free of mental illness
  • Neil was offered a financial incentive

Full list of vulnerabilities

Please remember, just because someone has vulnerabilities, it doesn’t mean that they will be radicalised. As health professionals we need to be aware of what can make a person vulnerable and our responsibilities in relation to all aspects of safeguarding which includes PREVENT.

Physical changes

The following few slides list some of the changes in behaviour that you might see if someone is being radicalised. These can be physical emotional verbal changes. Choose 2 from each category that best described the behaviour changes seen in Neil's video

Choose 2 from each category that best described the physical changes seen in Neil's video

  • 1. The display of a symbol of alliance to a group – tattoos/ logos emblems on clothes
  • 2. Increased use of intranet
  • 3. Change of routines
  • 4. New circle of friends
  • 5. Absence (school, work, hobbies)
  • 6. Letting themselves go in terms of appearance
  • 7. Need to feel protection for example carrying a weapon

Emotional changes

The following few slides list some of the changes in behaviour that you might see if someone is being radicalised. These can be physical emotional verbal changes. Choose 2 from each category that best described the behaviour changes seen in Neil's video

Choose 2 from each category that best described the emotional changes seen in Neil's video

  • 1. Withdrawn
  • 2. Depressed
  • 3. Aggression
  • 4. Short tempered
  • 5. New found arrogance
  • 6. Crying
  • 7. Low self esteem
  • 8. Shame

Verbal changes

The following few slides list some of the changes in behaviour that you might see if someone is being radicalised. These can be physical emotional verbal changes. Choose 2 from each category that best described the behaviour changes seen in Neil's video

Choose 2 from each category that best described the verbal changes seen in Neil's video

  • 1. Fixated on a subject
  • 2. Closed to new idea/ conversations
  • 3. Scripted speech
  • 4. Asking inappropriate questions
  • 5. Saying inappropriate things
  • 6. Expressing intent of acts of terror

Referrals and interventions CHANNEL Process

The Channel process in Leeds is a monthly meeting that reviews risk and agrees what support can be offered to people identified as being vulnerable to radicalisation. It involves safeguarding leads from the Leeds NHS CCGs and providers, social services, police, colleges and schools. The following video discusses the support that can be offered.

What should you do?

Sharing concerns  are a statutory responsibility for health professionals so what should we do if we see someone displaying a concerning behaviour? 

•The most important thing is to do something

•There is a 3 step approach that we must follow: 1. Notice, 2. Check, 3. Share

•Match the scenarios with the relevant step

  • 1. Notice
    You notice one of your patients has a interest in far right ideology they appear angry and aggressive and is fixated on talking about the subject
  • 2. Check
    You discuss your concern with a colleague such as your line manager or the safeguarding team to get a second opinion
  • 3. Share
    You share information as appropriate eg/ discuss with your safeguarding team or Prevent lead/ consider a referral to the channel panel with the Prevent lead or share with the police if you think there is immediate danger
  • Define your key...
    Define your answer...

What is PREVENT aiming to achieve?

Answer the following questions TRUE/FALSE

  • The prevention of wrinkles in old age
  • The prevention of pressure sores
  • The prevention of vulnerable people being radicalised

True/ False Questions

Answer the following questions TRUE/FALSE

  • There are lots of factors that could make someone vulnerable to radicalisation
  • Having a vulnerability does not necessarily mean that someone will be radicalised
  • Having a mental health illness will always make someone vulnerable to radicalisation

PREVENT is about

  • Safeguarding vulnerable individuals
  • Criminal investigations
  • Preventing harm and exploitation

What are the 3 steps you should take if you had a concern?

  • Notice
  • Check
  • Ignore
  • Share

Which of the following professionals are involved in channel panel

  • Police
  • Social Workers
  • Health professionals
  • Local councillor

Who could you contact if you had a concern around PREVENT?

  • The safeguarding team
  • Your manager
  • The police

Safeguarding team

Each NHS organisation in Leeds has a safeguarding team. Who will support you by discussing any concerns about a patient and if a referral is appropriate Check/ share Safeguarding team will support you in the next step.

Leeds and York Partnership Foundation Trust:

0113 8555971

Leeds Community Healthcare NHS Trust:

0113 8430210

Leeds Teaching Hospitals NHS Trust:

0113 2066964

NHS Leeds Clinical Commissioning Groups Partnership:

0113 8431713

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