Anatomy Learning Tool: "The Paranasal Sinuses"

This learning tool is centred on the topic of the paranasal sinuses. There will be learning content based on the anatomy of the nasal cavity, the anatomy of the paranasal sinuses and the functional anatomy of the sinuses.

Section 0: Tool Instructions, References and Declarations

Learning tool instructions

Learning objectives

Reference list

Declarations

Section 1: Anatomy of the Nasal Cavity

The nasal cavity

Fill in the blanks: The nasal cavity

Walls of the nasal cavities

Fill in the blanks: Walls of the nasal cavity

The lateral wall

The ethmoid

Multiple choice: Name the components of the lateral wall and ethmoid

True or false: The ethmoid and its articulations

The conchae and meatus

Text matching: Conchae and meatus

–°ombine elements from the left column with the elements on the right
The inferior concha is...
 
A separate piece of bone articulating with the nasal surface of the maxilla and perpendicular plate of palatine.
The middle concha is...
 
The smallest meatus and form an oblique channel.
The superior concha is...
 
A superior medial facing process of the ethmoid bone.
The inferior meatus is...
 
An inferior medial facing process of the ethmoid bone.
The superior meatus is...
 
A space which is positioned above the superior concha.
The sphenoethmoidal recess is...
 
The largest meatus and reaches towards the floor of the nasal cavity.

Summary: Nasal cavity

Multiple choice: The nasal cavity

Fill in the blanks: Nasal cavity anatomy

Open Question: Conchae and meatus

Section 2: Anatomy of the Paranasal Sinuses

The paranasal sinuses

Fill in the blanks: Paranasal sinuses

The frontal sinus

True and false: The frontal sinus

Fill in the blanks: Supply and drainage of the frontal sinus

The ethmoidal sinus

Multiple choice: The ethmoid sinuses

Fill in the blanks: Supply and drainage of the ethmoidal sinus

The sphenoidal sinus

True and false: The sphenoidal sinus

Fill in the blanks: Supply and drainage of the sphenoidal sinus

The maxillary sinus

Multiple choice: The maxillary sinus

Fill in the blanks: Supply and drainage of the maxillary sinus

Summary: Paranasal Sinuses

Question: Where are the paranasal sinuses? 1

Question: Where are the paranasal sinuses? 2

Question: Where are the paranasal sinuses? 3

Question: Where are the paranasal sinuses? 4

Multiple choice: The paranasal sinuses

Fill in the blanks: Vessels, nerves and drainage

Open question: Paranasal Sinuses

Section 3: Functional Anatomy of the Paranasal Sinuses

Functional anatomy of the paranasal sinuses

Crumple zones / Skull and orbit protection

Text matching: Crumple zones

–°ombine elements from the left column with the elements on the right
Most theories concerning functions of the paranasal sinuses...
 
sparing of the optic nerves, orbits and viscera with high impact injuries.
Crumple zones aid in protection of...
 
a reduced ability to crumple and lead to more energy being transmitted to the orbits.
Crumple zones are effective as they provide...
 
thick buttresses which strengthen the skull by dispersing forces.
The facial architecture of the skull includes...
 
vital anatomical features such as the orbits, brain and optic nerves.
Filling the paranasal sinuses result in...
 
a buffer and disperse kinetic forces which decreases total impact energy on the skull.
Crumple zones allowed for a high degree of...
 
remain unclear and lack empirical evidence.

Immune defence

True or false: Immune defence

Quality of voice and voice resonance

Fill in the blanks: Quality of voice

Other possible functions

Summary: Paranasal sinus functions

Multiple choice: Immune defence

Fill in the blanks: Voice resonance

Question: Crumple zones

Open question: Paranasal sinus functions