Required OSHA Training For The ASC

This course will provide the required information on OSHA standards and practices for the ASC

Introduction

New Hire and Annual Training on OSHA

New Hire and Annual Training

OSHA

OSHA Logo

OSHA

Acronym

OSHA

OSHA is an acronym and stands for the Occupational Safety and Health Administration

Why do we have OSHA?

Why do have OSHA?

  • During the late 19th century, America went through a transition from a farming society to an industrial society known as the Industrial Revolution.
  • Employees worked at their own risk. Up until 1833, children as young as 4 years old worked in factories around dangerous equipment for long hours and for little or no pay.

 

Why do we have OSHA?

Why do have OSHA?

  • The Factory Act of 1833 limited the hours children were allowed to work and required the child to be at least 9 years old.
  • Working conditions were treacherous for children and adults alike. There were no national laws to protect American workers against safety and health hazards in the workplace.
  • In 1970, President Nixon signed the Occupational Health and Safety Act into Law with the mission to “assure safe and healthful working conditions for working men and women by setting and enforcing standards and by providing training, outreach, education and assistance".

Why do we have OSHA?

Why do have OSHA?

  • OSHA mandates that employers take responsibility to provide a workplace that does not have serious hazards and requires the employer to follow all OSHA standards.
  • OSHA employs Compliance Safety and Health Officers to respond to employee complaints and inspect workplaces if notified of a potential violation.
  • OSHA requires the maintenance of a log of serious injuries or illnesses for those businesses that employ 10 or more employees. This log must be posted for all employees to see.

Injury Statistics

Statistics

  • On average, 15 workers die every day from job injuries.
  • Over 5,600 Americans die from workplace injuries annually.
  • Over 4 million non-fatal workplace injuries and illnesses are reported.

 

Employee Rights


What Rights Do You Have Under OSHA?

  • You have the right to:
    • A safe and healthful workplace
    • Know about hazardous chemicals
    • Have information about injuries and illnesses in your workplace
    • Complain or request hazard correction from your employer
    • Training
    • Hazard exposure and medical records
    • File a complaint with OSHA
    • Participate in an OSHA inspection
    • Be free from retaliation for exercising safety and health rights

 

OSHA Required Education

OSHA Requirements for Training

  • Bloodborne Pathogens   COVERED IN A SEPARATE TRAINING
  • Sharps Program
  • PPE Personal Protection Equipment and First Aid   COVERED IN A SEPARATE TRAINING
  • Exit Routes and Disaster Drills
  • Electrical Safety   COVERED IN A SEPARATE TRAINING
  • Reporting Injuries and Illnesses   COVERED IN A SEPARATE TRAINING
  • Ergonomics  -- COVERED IN A SEPARATE TRAINING 
  • Hazard Communications

Exit Routes and Disaster Drills

Exit Routes and Disaster Drills

  • Facilities should have quarterly fire drills and annual internal and external disaster drills.
  • There should be enough exits to safely accommodate all staff and guests.
  • Exit lights need to be well lit with all bulbs in working order.
  • Evacuation routes need to be posted.
  • Emergency lighting must be present in internal hallways

 

Sharps Management

Sharps Program

  • Sharps containers should be covered with small holes to dispose sharps.
  • There should be nothing in sharps containers except sharps, glass and syringes.
  • Sharps containers should never be more than 75% full.
  • Use needleless or safety needles when possible.

Workplace Safety

Workplace safety

  • The facility should have strong policies and procedures in place. There should also be a workplace safety plan developed and reviewed by all staff.  
  • The staff should conduct safety inspections monthly- looking for dangerous electrical cords, heavy boxes stored on higher shelves, sharps containers not over filled,  fire extinguishers are full, adequate hand washing, parking lots are in good shape, etc.
  • Look at the past history to see where and how employees have been injured and respond pro-actively.

Right to Know Law

 

“Right to Know “ Law

  • Ensures that all employees have the right to know the hazards

of the chemicals they work with at their job.

 

 

 

Chemical Safety

Chemical Safety

 

In many cases, the chemicals you may deal with at work are no more dangerous than those you use at home.

 

But in the workplace exposure may be greater, concentrations higher, and exposure times longer: potential danger could be greater on the job.

 

 

 

Chemical Hazards

 

Chemical Hazards

A chemical can pose a “physical hazard” or a “health hazard”.

 

The hazard communication standard applies to both types of hazards.

 

 

 

Hazard Classification

The Global Harmonization Standard (GHS) Addresses Chemical Exposures in the Workplace. 

  • GHS has identified 16  Physical Hazards .
  • Some hazards include:
    • Flammable Materials
    • Explosives
    • Oxidizing Materials

Health Hazards

GHS Hazard Classification

  • GHS has identified  10 Health Hazards  
    • Acute Toxicity
    • Skin Corrosion/Irritation
    • Serous Eye Damage/Eye Irritation
    • Respiratory or Skin Sensitization
    • Germ Cell Mutagenicity
    • Carcinogenicity
      • Reproductive Toxicology
      • Target Organ Systemic Toxicity – Single Exposure
      • Target Organ Systemic Toxicity – Repeated Exposure
      • Aspiration Toxicity

Health Hazards

Health Hazards

  • OSHA considers a health hazard to be any chemical which:
    • Is toxic
    • Is corrosive to the skin or eyes
    • Is a respiratory sensitizer
    • May cause cancer, birth defects or reproductive issues
    • Attacks specific organs
    • Is harmful or deadly when inhaled

 

Health Hazards

 

Health hazards

 

 

- Occur when a chemical produces an acute or chronic health effect on exposed employees

 

 

 

Acute Health Effects

 

Acute Health Effects from Chemicals

  • Happen quickly

 

  • High, brief exposure

 

Examples:

 

  • Carbon monoxide

poisoning

 

  • Cyanide inhalation

 

  • Hydrogen sulfide

inhalation

 

Chronic Health Effects

 

Chronic Health Effects from Chemicals 

  • May be caused by chemical exposures that do
    not cause immediate, obvious harm or make
    you feel sick right away
  • May not see, feel, or smell the danger
  • Effects are long, continuous and follow
    repeated long-term exposure; e.g.:
    • Long term exposure to Cidex or Gluteraldyhyde 
      • Lung cancer from cigarette smoking
        • Black lung from coal mine dust

 

 

The Global Harmonization System

The Global Harmonization System   (GHS)

How it is changing OSHA hazard communication standards

Why is the GHS Important?

In the past, every country had their own warning symbols on products