The origins of the house and garden
Ham – a gift from the king
Originally built in 1610, Ham House is the creation of an enterprising courtier, William Murray (below), and his tenacious daughter Elizabeth. As a boy, William was educated with the young Charles I, taking the role of his whipping boy.
Remaining friends as adults, they shared a taste for the latest fashions in architecture, art and interior decoration. William was given the lease of Ham House and its estate as a gift from the King in 1626.
A man with stylish taste
From 1637-9 William embarked on a series of lavish decorative alterations to the house.
These changes cemented his status as a man with style, a close friend to the king and an important member of his court.
From 1637-9 William embarked on a series of lavish decorative alterations to the house. These changes cemented his status as a man with style, a close friend to the king and an important member of his court.
Saved by a cunning family
By her cunning, William's eldest daughter Elizabeth was able to steer Ham through Cromwell's rule by establishing good relations with the Protector. All the while she sent secret Royalist messages to the prince in exile on the continent.
When Charles II was restored to power in 1660, Ham once again became a place for entertaining and extravagance. This time it was under the ownership of Elizabeth.
A powerful partnership
In 1672, aged 46, Elizabeth married for the second time, this time to the affluent Duke of Lauderdale. He was a key member of King Charles' inner cabinet. Sharing a love of power and decadence, together they made a dynamic Restoration court couple. They transformed Ham House into one of the grandest Stuart houses in England.
When was Ham House built?