### Defining the learning objectives and course model selection

The first step in e-learning course creation aims at learning and teaching objectives definition. For these purposes a students’ needs analysis has to be conducted to define the basic level needed to start the course, the learning needs of the trainees, to evaluate the school’s organizational and technical capacity, equipment and resources. Related to this analysis is also surveying about the students’ expectations from the course, their computer skills and technical expertise, the network bandwidth, etc.

- According to all above mentioned characteristics, the set of learning objectives should be defined. They should be defined sequentially, in the order in which they should be achieved with the purpose to achieve the general, high-level course objective. According to the Bloom’s taxonomy of learning domains, learning objectives can be formulated through six different types of actions, ranged in ascending order:
Remember - the student is able to memorize or recognize information;

Understand - the student is able to explain a concept on their own;

Apply - the student is able to use the information in a practical case or exercise;

Analyse - the student is able to define a structure: to determine the elements and define relationships among them;

Evaluate - the student is able to make a decision or to find a solution according to a criterion or standard;

Create - the student is able to produce a new solution or approach.

Clearly defined learning objectives allow the development of consistent learning activities which are really focused on learners’ needs and provide the basis for course evaluation tests. These objectives should be used as a basis for instructional, media, evaluation and delivery strategies selection.

As a result of this stage, a blueprint that will be used as a reference to develop the course, should be defined. It should contain the following major elements:

the curriculum structure, i.e. the curriculum organization in modules, units, lessons, activities;

the learning objectives, associated with each unit;

- the delivery methods and formats (e.g. reading materials, interactive self‑paced activities, synchronous and/or asynchronous collaborative activities, etc.) to deliver each unit.

The first step in e-learning course creation aims at learning and teaching objectives definition. For these purposes a students’ needs analysis has to be conducted to define the basic level needed to start the course, the learning needs of the trainees, to evaluate the school’s organizational and technical capacity, equipment and resources. Related to this analysis is also surveying about the students’ expectations from the course, their computer skills and technical expertise, the network bandwidth, etc.

- According to all above mentioned characteristics, the set of learning objectives should be defined. They should be defined sequentially, in the order in which they should be achieved with the purpose to achieve the general, high-level course objective. According to the Bloom’s taxonomy of learning domains, learning objectives can be formulated through six different types of actions, ranged in ascending order:
Remember - the student is able to memorize or recognize information;

Understand - the student is able to explain a concept on their own;

Apply - the student is able to use the information in a practical case or exercise;

Analyse - the student is able to define a structure: to determine the elements and define relationships among them;

Evaluate - the student is able to make a decision or to find a solution according to a criterion or standard;

Create - the student is able to produce a new solution or approach.

Clearly defined learning objectives allow the development of consistent learning activities which are really focused on learners’ needs and provide the basis for course evaluation tests. These objectives should be used as a basis for instructional, media, evaluation and delivery strategies selection.

As a result of this stage, a blueprint that will be used as a reference to develop the course, should be defined. It should contain the following major elements:

the curriculum structure, i.e. the curriculum organization in modules, units, lessons, activities;

the learning objectives, associated with each unit;

- the delivery methods and formats (e.g. reading materials, interactive self‑paced activities, synchronous and/or asynchronous collaborative activities, etc.) to deliver each unit.

### What are the purposes of the learning objectives definition?

- to define the pre-knowledge, needed to start the course
- to determine the school's readiness and necessary resources
- to solve course's quizzes easily
- to be able to use virtual conferencing