Window

A window is an opening in a wall, door, roof or vehicle that allows the passage of light, sound, and/or air. Modern windows are usually glazed or covered in some other transparent or translucent material, a sash set in a frame in the opening; the sash and frame are also referred to as a window.

Sliding Window

Definition

  • Sliding windows are windows constructed in a frame and installed so that they slide open and closed, as opposed to opening, in or out, on a hinge.
  • Has two or more sashes that overlap slightly but slide horizontally within the frame. 


Timber Sliding Window

Aluminium Sliding Window

Details

Installation

How to install sliding window ?

Advantages and Disadvantages

Advantages

  • Minimal maintenance. Slider windows have fewer parts than conventional windows, making them a low-maintenance and cost-effective choice for residential homes.
  • Durable. Springs and pulleys wear or fail over time. Slider windows don’t rely on these components to function, making them more durable than conventional windows. Most slider windows also use window glazing, adding to their durability.
  • Energy efficiency. Window glazing improves insulation and energy efficiency. This will result in lower energy bills over time.
  • Easy to use. Slider windows require very little effort and dexterity to open and close. They aren’t heavy and they glide along the window frame with ease. To use, all you have to do is release a latch and slide the window open.

Disadvantages

  • Cleaning. Cleaning the inside of slider windows is easy, but cleaning the outside can be challenging, especially during the winter months. Unlike other types of windows that can be tilted inside for easy cleaning, slider windows only slide back and forth. 

Drag the labels below with the correct answers

  • Head Jamb
  • Top Rails
  • Meeting Stile
  • Stile
  • Operating Sash
  • Sash Pull
  • Side Jamb
  • Sill
  • Bottom Rails
  • Frame
  • Lock
  • Side Jamb
  • Fixed Sash
  • Stile

Casement Window

Definition

  • Casement window is a window that is attached to its frame by one or more hinges. These are hinged at the side. They are used singly or in pairs within a common frame, in which case they are hinged on the outside.
  • When fully opened, offer the maximum amount of ventilation.
  • The panels may be either glazed, unglazed, or partly glazed and are fixed into the grooves made in rails and styles.


Timber Casement Window

Aluminium Casement Window

Details

Installation

Watch video how they install casement window.

Advantages and Disadvantages

Advantages

  • Variety of design features. Casement windows offer a number of attractive design features such as flat top, pushout, top down grille, no grill and etc. They can be customized for precise size and desired color, and they look attractive in a number materials. Typical casement window materials include wood, steel, clad (wood covered with aluminum or vinyl), fiberglass, aluminum, and vinyl.
  • Second most efficient window. Casement windows are the second most energy-efficient, after fixed-pane windows. The window sash presses against the frame on closing, creating an airtight seal. This helps prevent air entry and leakage.
  • Easy to open and close. Because they use single-lever latches or tandem latches, casement windows are easy to open and close. Most models can also be fitted for automatic openers.
  • Excellent ventilation. Casement windows open all the way outward. Unlike double-hung windows, which are closed on top, casement windows are wide open from top to bottom and side-to-side providing excellent natural ventilation and light.

Disadvantages

  • Can’t accept air conditioners. Because casement windows crank outward, they can’t accept air conditioners. Windows that slide up and down can accommodate an air conditioner more easily.
  • Can’t use storm windows or screens. It is possible to find casement windows that crank inward, but this is not a common choice. If you plan to use screens or storm windows, casement windows are not the best option. They crank outward, so the opening canno’t be obstructed
  • Size limitations. Casement windows are designed to crank outward. Because of the design, the windows can’t be too large or too heavy. The opening  has to be strong enough to support the window, so builders recommend smaller and more lightly constructed windows. 

Which of this windows are NOT a casement window ?

Louvre Window

Definition

  • Louvred windows are type of window made of glass slats set in metal clips that can be opened and closed in unison.
  • The louvres are usually fixed at 45 degree inclination sloping downwards to the outside to rain-off the rain water.
  • The windows provide light and ventilation even if closed.

Details

Installation

Video on installation of louvred window.

Video on louvred window glass replacement.

Advantages and Disadvantages

Advantages

Wide Opening Capacity

Louvre windows can be opened to nearly the full width of the window. This creates maximum air flow, in or out.

Adjustable Blades

You can angle the blades from fully closed to fully open and virtually any angle in between. This allows for easy adjustment of airflow. You can actually tilt the blades upward. This allows you to direct cool air towards the ceiling.

Easy Cleaning

Louvre windows are very easy to clean. Since they can be tilted 180 degrees, that means you can easily clean both sides of the glass. If you are on an upper floor, this is a great benefit.

Disadvantages

Inefficient Insulators

Louvre windows do not insulate well. Even if the slats are flushed against each other, they aren’t efficient at keeping heat from flowing in or out of your home.

The Slats Break

If you use glass slats, they can break easily. For example, they can break if you close the window with too much force.

The Slats can be a Hazard

Glass slats sticking out from the window can be dangerous. You or your children can be cut if you’re not careful.

Drag the correct answers

  • Top rail
  • Weather bar
  • Bottom rail
  • Endcap
  • Mullion
  • Mullion