BLUE GROWTH IN ADRIATIC-IONIAN REGION

Blue growth – is an initiative that can harness the untapped potential of Europe's oceans, seas and coasts for jobs and growth. The Growth in the blue economy offers new and innovative ways to help increase EU economy. It represents the maritime dimension of the Europe 2020 strategy. It can contribute to the EU's international competitiveness, resource efficiency, job creation and new sources of growth whilst safeguarding biodiversity and protecting the marine environment, thus preserving the services that healthy and resilient marine and coastal ecosystems provide.

BLUE GROWTH OVERVIEW

OVERVIEW - 1

 

Blue growth – is an initiative that can harness the untapped potential of Europe's oceans, seas and coasts for jobs and growth. The Growth in the blue economy offers new and innovative ways to help increase EU economy.

It represents the maritime dimension of the Europe 2020 strategy.

It can contribute to the EU's international competitiveness, resource efficiency, job creation and new sources of growth whilst safeguarding biodiversity and protecting the marine environment, thus preserving the services that healthy and resilient marine and coastal ecosystems provide.

 The individual sectors of the blue economy are interdependent. They rely on common skills and shared infrastructure such as ports and electricity distribution networks. They depend on others using the sea sustainably


OVERVIEW - 2

The blue economy needs to be sustainable and to respect potential environmental concerns given the fragile nature of the marine environment. Efforts are needed to reduce negative environmental impacts of maritime activities such as the emissions of pollutants and the discharge of noxious substances.

Lack of access to finance and a shortage of suitably skilled workers have been identified as blocking growth in nearly all economic sectors. In the blue economy, Member States are tackling this by developing maritime clusters. These are groupings of larger industries, smaller suppliers and educational establishments that reinforce each other through their close proximity. The better communication brought about by geographical proximity mean that educational courses and research can meet the needs of local industry and suppliers can understand the market and predict future trends.



BLUE GROWTH - FOCUS AREAS - 1

An analysis of the job-creation potential, as well as the potential for research and development to deliver technology improvements and innovation and the need for action at EU level, has suggested that the following five value chains could deliver sustainable growth and jobs in the blue economy. They could therefore benefit from clear-sighted policymaking, allowing the private sector to play a leading role in helping the blue economy reach its sustainable growth potential.


BLUE GROWTH - FOCUS AREAS - 2


  • Blue energy - focuses on marine renewable energies, such as offshore wind power, tidal power wave power or ocean thermal power;
  • Aquaculture focuses on sea food production and overall improvement in human diet;
  • Maritime, coastal and cruise tourism - largest single maritime economic activity;
  • Marine mineral resources - extracting minerals from the seafloor, such as cobalt, copper and zinc etc.;
  • Blue biotechnology - exploration and exploitation of the sea biodiversity as inputs for the food, feed and chemical industries.

 Blue biotechnology, aquaculture and underwater mining are areas which are expected to increase in importance. It still remains to be seen which regions can make most of their maritime and marine assets.


BLUE GROWTH - FOCUS AREAS - 3

Each of these sectors has its own territorial pattern of development potentials, but there are also a few overarching aspects:

  • Land and sea interactions are important. Sea activities are strongly related to the land and vice‑versa. However, Blue Growth is not restricted to coastal areas or islands; even landlocked regions have important connections to the sea for trade of goods and services.
  • Maritime Spatial Planning as a tool for Blue Growth. To ensure that maritime activities can deliver growth and avoid ‘sea‑use conflicts’, integrated planning of human activities both on land and at sea is needed. The interaction between sea and land use is fundamental because almost all activities involving the sea have territorial effects.
  • Need for better mapping of the sea. Exploring marine potentials requires data and maps covering not only territorial areas but increasingly also the sea and the links between sea and land‑based developments and activities.
  • Territorial concentration of maritime transport. Maritime transport plays an important role in global trade. Development potentials of ports in the Mediterranean are often hampered by inadequate transport infrastructure on land to link the ports to Europe’s main road and rail networks.
  • Marine and maritime tourism along the coasts. Tourism remains a key economic sector in the context of Blue Growth and for the European coasts, and is a major source of jobs in many regions. Coastal areas and islands in the Mediterranean are particularly strong in maritime tourism.


TERRITORIAL DIMENSION OF BLUE GROWTH