Nepal Module 1 Coordination

The WASH Cluster's Leadership and Coordination Training requires that all participants have a basic level of theoretical and practical knowledge and skills related to coordination prior to arriving.

We have therefore prepared THREE modules with accompanying assignments to be completed and submitted according to specified due dates. 

Many thanks to the Education Cluster in their contribution to the development of the training. 

Module 1a: IASC Reference Module for Cluster Coordination at Country Level

Module 1a: IASC Reference Module for Cluster Coordination at Country Level

Theory: Cluster Coordination Reference Module (CCRM)


  1. Read the entirety of the CCRM (see below or click on the link above)

  2. Complete the following post-reading quiz 


What is the purpose of the “IASC Cluster Coordination Reference Module”?

  • Outline the basic elements of cluster coordination
  • Serve as a reference guide for field practitioners to help facilitate their work and improve humanitarian outcomes
  • Provide UNICEF Country Representatives with a clear guide on their role and responsibilities vis-a-vis UNICEF led Clusters and AORs
Select all that apply.

All Clusters are automatically activated in a humanitarian crisis.

  • True
  • False
Select the correct answer.

What are the criteria for activating Clusters?

  • Response and coordination gaps exist due to a sharp deterioration or significant change in the humanitarian situation.
  • Existing national response or coordination capacity is unable to meet needs
  • The availability of a Cluster Coordinator and Information Management Officer
Select all that apply.

How does Inter-Cluster coordination work in humanitarian responses?

Match the explanation of the different components of Inter-Cluster Coordination to the corresponding level of Inter-Cluster Coordination.
  • Provides strategic direction through the articulation of strategic objectives and operational support to their achievement. CLAs ensure an inter-sectoral analysis informs HCT decision-making.
    Humanitarian Country Team
  • Determined by the HCT, relevant clusters group together to develop multi-sectoral strategies in achievement of the SO and coordinate to implement and monitor their achievement.
    Strategic Objectives
  • Focus on key operational issues which impact on an effective and efficient response

What are the six core functions of a cluster at country level?

Match the description to the Cluster Core Function.

  • Support service delivery
    ▪ Providing a platform that ensures service delivery is driven by the Humanitarian Response Plan and strategic priorities. ▪ Developing mechanisms to eliminate duplication of service delivery.
  • Inform the HC/HCT’s strategic decision-making
    ▪ Preparing needs assessments and analysis of gaps to inform the setting of priorities. ▪ Identifying and finding solutions for (emerging) gaps, obstacles, duplication and cross-cutting issues. ▪ Formulating priorities on the basis of analysis.
  • Plan and implement cluster strategies
    ▪ Developing sectoral plans, objectives and indicators that directly support realization of the overall response’s strategic objectives. ▪ Applying and adhering to common standards and guidelines. ▪ Clarifying funding requirements
  • Monitor and evaluate performance
    ▪ Monitoring and reporting on activities and needs. ▪ Measuring progress against the cluster strategy and agreed results. ▪ Recommending corrective action where necessary.
  • Build national capacity in preparedness and contingency planning
    • Identify key elements of the HPC that require preparation • Analyse and address anticipated risks • Establish good working relationships with authorities and partners and clarify roles and responsibilities • Reinforce coordination structures
  • Support robust advocacy
    ▪ Identifying concerns, and contributing key information and messages to HC and HCT messaging and action. ▪ Undertaking advocacy on behalf of the cluster, cluster members, and affected people.

Who is responsible for the efficient functioning of a cluster?

  • The Cluster lead Agency (CLA)
  • The Cluster Coordinator
  • Affected populations
  • Resourcing partners
  • Cluster members
  • The military
Select all that apply.

What are possible advantages of shared Cluster leadership (ie. UNICEF and Save the Children for the Education Cluster)?

  • Improved Partnerships
  • Improved Advocacy
  • Improved Information Transfer
  • Higher Transaction Costs
  • Better Coordination
  • Stronger Engagement of Partners
Select all that apply.

What are possible benefits of establishing sub-national coordination mechanisms?

  • Strengthen accountability to affected people.
  • Establishment of additional offices and recruitment of additional staff.
  • Work closely with local authorities and partners
  • Support real-time implementation of the Humanitarian Response Plan, and address cross-cutting and multidimensional issues arising in the immediate context
  • Adapt the response, including priorities to local circumstances
Select all that apply.

What does the Cluster Performance Monitoring (CCPM) evaluate?

  • Cluster Program Implementation and Delivery
  • Cluster Coordination and Functions
  • Cluster Coordination Architecture
Select the correct answer.

What are the different Steps of Cluster Performance Monitoring (CCPM)?

Match the description to the corresponding CCPM Step.

  • • HCT discusses and agrees on implementation of CCPM incl. timeframe • Inter-cluster Group discusses CCPM process and objectives and agrees on timeline and roles and responsibilities • Clusters discuss objectives and clarify steps and processes w partners
    Step 1 - Planning
  • • Cluster Coordinator completes a cluster description survey • Cluster Coordinator and partners each complete separate (online) survey • Global Clusters compile survey data and produce a Preliminary CCPM Report on performance of six core functions
    Step 2 - CCPM Survey
  • • In CCPM workshops, each cluster discusses survey results, mitigating factors and explanations of performance and agrees on specific corrective actions that will be taken • CCPM Report and Action Plan are then finalized and shared with stakeholders
    Step 3 – Cluster Analysis and Action Planning
  • • Inter-Cluster Group reviews CCPM Reports and Action Plans • CCPM Reports and Action Plans are presented to HCT and Global Clusters • Each cluster monitors implementation of its Action Plan • Clusters report to HCT on respective progress and challenges
    Step 4 - Follow-up and Monitoring

Module 1b: Building a Better Response (BBR)

Module 1b: Building a Better Response (BBR)

Theory: Building a Better Response (BBR)

Optional Assignment: Complete the Building a Better Response (BBR) e-learning program

  1. Click on the link or screenshot above to access the BBR website
  2. Create a new account (or log in if you have an existing account)
  3. Complete all BBR units (0-5)
  4. If completed email your certificate of completion to XXX

Have you emailed your BBR certificate of completion to

  • Yes I have!
  • No