IGC1 Element 1

Element 1 : Foundations in Health and Safety

Foundations in Health and Safety

Untitled content 1

Untitled content 2

Management of International Health and Safety

Element 1: Foundations in Health and Safety

IGC 1: Element 1 - Learning Outcomes


  • Outline the scope and nature of occupational health and safety.
  • Explain the moral, social and economic reasons for maintaining and promoting good standards of health and safety in the workplace.
  • Explain the role of national governments and international bodies in formulating a framework for the regulation of health and safety.

Scope and Nature of Health and Safety

Scope and Nature of Health and Safety


Barriers to Good Standards


Health & Safety a Multi - Disciplinary Nature


Health and safety practitioners need to be familiar with:

  • Chemistry/physics/ biology.
  • Engineering.
  • Psychology.
  • Sociology.
  • Legislation:
  • Standards that apply.
  • Strengths and weaknesses of options.

Barriers to Good standards of Health and Safety


Complexity of the workplace


Conflicting demands:

  • Timescales
    • Standards
    • Budgets

Behavioral issues:

  • People failing to act as
    desired, or making mistakes.

Health & Safety Definitions

Health – absence of disease
or ill health.

  • Safety – absence of risk of
    serious personal injury.
  • Welfare – access to basic

Exercise 1

Group Syndicate Exercise

Why might the management of an organization not consider health and safety to be a priority?

Exercise 1 - Answers

Group Syndicate Exercise – Answers

Key points include:

  • Competes with other business aims:
    • Requires time and resources.
  • Seen as a “cost” to business:
    • Ignorance of true costs of injury/illness.
  • Ignorance of legal duties.
  • Ignorance of hazards.

End of Sections Quiz

End-of-Section Quiz

  1. What barriers might there be to good health and safety practice?

  1. Define the terms:




Reasons for Maintaining Good Standards of Health & Safety

Unit IGC1: Element 1.2

Reasons for Maintaining and Promoting Good Standards of Health and Safety

Untitled content 12

Why Manage Health and Safety?

Moral reasons.

Legal (or social) reasons.

Economic (or financial) reasons.

Untitled content 13

The Size of the Problem

Global statistics from the International Labour Organisation (ILO) Safe Work Programme:

  • 270 million accidents and 160 million diseases a year due to work.
  • 2 million fatalities a year.
  • 4% of global GDP is lost.
  • 355,000 on-the-job fatalities each year.

Untitled content 14

Group Syndicate Exercise

An employee at your workplace has been seriously injured in a workplace accident.

In groups, as indicated by the tutor, list the possible effects and implications of this accident on the:

  • Injured employee
    • Company
    • Line manager

Untitled content 15

Group Syndicate Exercise – Answers

Key points include:

  • Injured employee:
    • Pain and suffering, lost time/wages, impact on family, on-going impact on work.
  • The company:
    • Payment of sick pay, overtime cover for employee, recruitment costs for replacement, insurance claims, fines/prosecutions, increased insurance premiums.
  • The line manager:
    • Loss of skills from team, time and cost of retraining replacement, effect of overtime cover on shifts.

Untitled content 16

The Legal and Social Expectation

International standards from the International Labour Organisation (ILO).

A country’s own health and safety standards.

Untitled content 17

Who’s Responsible for Health and Safety?

Everybody – but most of the responsibility lies with the employer to provide:

  • Safe place of work.
    • Safe plant and equipment.
    • Safe systems of work.
    • Training, supervision and

competency of staff.