Geography Concepts

In this course the lessons will foster an understanding of and develop positive attitudes towards different communities and cultures within our own society and elsewhere in the world;

introduction to Geography

Study the following map of nyoni area and answer the questions that follow.Take note to use the learning aids provided for better understanding





1-What is the 4 figure grid reference of the trigonometrical station 135/S.?

2-What man made feature is found in grid square 4323?

3-Why is there no settlement on the north east of the map?

4-What is the general direction of flow of Ntingwe river?

5-What drainage pattern is found on North west of the map?

6-How long is the aerodrome near Nyoni school?

7-What is the bearing of the trigonometrical station 126/S from the spot height 2936?

8-What is the 6 figure grid reference of the spot height 1413?

9-What is the settlement pattern along the Ntingwe river after the bridge?

10-What physical feature is found on grid 4325?

11-What human activity can be practiced in the north east of the map?

12-What name is given to the point where Tasa river meets Ntingwe river?

check if you got the answers correct

marking guide


1. 4726

2. Dip tank/huts

3. The area is mountainous

4. From North west to South east

5. Radial drainage pattern

6. 1.4km

7. 2100

8. 414271

9. Linear

10. Stream

11. Skating

12. Confluence

1-What is an air mass? [2]


2-List any 4 types of air masses. [4]


3-Describe the characteristics of 4 air masses. [12]

4-What causes air masses? [7]

Check your answers


1. It is a body of air with similar temperature throughout, separated from an adjacent body of air by a sharp transition zone.

2. Polar




3. POLAR – It happens on very cold areas associated with ice. This gives a very cold air mass rising over an iced land.

MARITIME β€“ It occurs on oceans and seas. The ocean or sea gives a moist air making the maritime air mass moist. It rises over seas and moves great distances.


Which type of climate is represented by the following table?

  • Equatorial
  • Hot desert
  • Monsoon
  • Tropical continental

Climate is the


  • average condition of the atmosphere over a short period of time.
  • daily conditions of the atmosphere.
  • average condition of the atmosphere over a long period of time.
  • weekly condition of the atmosphere.

Which of the following climatic types supports a vegetation of tall grasses and scattered trees?


  • savannah
  • equatorial
  • hot desert
  • tropical maritime.

Why does a Stevenson screen have louvered sides?

  • To reflect heat
  • To prevent heat from directly reaching the thermometers
  • To allow free circulation of air-c
  • To prevent ground heat from reaching the thermometers

The following is a description of weather feature: β€œan intense low pressure area which develops in the western margin of tropical oceans accompanied by thunder, lighting and highly destructive winds.” What is this feature?

  • Intertropical convergence zone (ITCZ)
  • Tonado
  • Whirlwind
  • Tropical cyclone

Sunshine is measured in

  • Milliliters
  • Meters
  • Hours and minutes
  • Kilometers

Which weather condition is determined by pressure gradients

  • Cloud cover
  • Rainfall amount
  • Relative humidity
  • Wind speed

What instrument is used to measure cloud cover?

  • Barometer
  • Hygrometer
  • Eye observation
  • Thermometer

Which instrument is used to measure humidity?

  • Six`s thermometer
  • hygrometer
  • barometer
  • cup anemometer

Which human activity may lead to the formation of acid rain?

  • Cloud seeding
  • Deforestation
  • Hydro-electric power generation
  • Manufacturing

study the climatic figures for station X in the link below.Which of the following statements correctly describes the climate of station X?

  • Tropical continental climate in the Northern hemisphere.
  • Mediterranean climate in the Northern hemisphere
  • Tropical continental climate in the Southern hemisphere.
  • Mediterranean climate in the southern hemisphere.

Which climatic type is found along the equator?

  • Tropical continental
  • Savannah grassland
  • Hot desert
  • Equatorial rainforest

Why do trees in equatorial climate have buttress roots?

  • To give balance to the tall trees.
  • To bind the soil together.
  • To reduce runoff.
  • To store water for the survival of the trees.

Hot deserts are located on the western sides of continents because

  • The coasts are washed by warm currents.
  • The ITCZ is commonly experienced there.
  • Anticyclonic conditions prevail.
  • The trade winds blow on shore.

Which climatic region is associated with rocky surface, hot environment and thorn bushes?

  • Monsoon.
  • Equatorial.
  • Savannah.
  • Hot desert.

Which conditions are needed for a river delta to form?



  • Abundant coral at the river mouth
  • Steep descent to the river mouth
  • Very salty water near the river mouth
  • Weak sea currents near the river mouth

Which process is mainly responsible for the formation of pot holes on a river bed?

  • Attrition
  • Corrasion
  • Deposition
  • Solution

Which of the following is the river depositional feature

  • Levee
  • Potholes

Which drainage pattern usually happens on highlands streams flowing outward?

  • Dendritic
  • Parallel
  • Radial
  • Trellis

Which river feature forms when a layer of hard rock lies across a soft rock?

  • Meander
  • waterfall
  • braids
  • Ox-bow-lake

The drainage pattern that develops on eroded folded rocks and areas of alternative hard and soft rocks is

  • Dendritic
  • Deranged
  • Parallel
  • Trellised

Why are trees umbrella shaped in a Savannah ecosystem?

  • Put your answer option here
  • Put your answer option here
  • To reduce loss of water from the ground under them
  • To provide shed for the animals in the ecosystem.

point the area where there is equatorial rainforest ecosystem

Which feature is not found on the upper course of a river?

  • Delta
  • Put your answer option here
  • Gorge
  • Rapid

1. The Zimbabwean government is removing people from Gonarezhou National park, the aim is to:

  • Protect soil from over-use by subsistence farmers
  • Protect the villagers against dangerous animals
  • Create more space for irrigation
  • Create an extensive international game park

Which of the following resources is non-renewable?


  • Fish
  • Petroleum
  • timber
  • water

A fisher man uses a net made cage with a rope and large rock placed outside the river.What method of fishing is he using?


  • Trawling
  • Purse seining
  • fish trap
  • drifting

The table below shows recent trends in the elephant population in four African countries. Which of the countries would suffer most both environmentally and economically from a ban on ivory trade?

  • A
  • B
  • C
  • D





36 000

13 000


24 000

25 000


65 000

18 000


33 000

52 000

4. The table below shows recent trends in the elephant population in four African countries.

  • A
  • B
  • C
  • D

Which of the countries would suffer most both environmentally and economically from a ban on ivory trade?





36 000

13 000


24 000

25 000


65 000

18 000


33 000

52 000

5. What attracts the majority of tourists from North America and Western Europe to Zimbabwe?

  • A. Business opportunities
  • B. Mountains and limestone caves
  • C. Stone ruins and hotels
  • D. Sunshine and wildlife

6. Which mining method can be used to extract coal seams on highlands?



  • A. Alluvial
  • B. Drift
  • C. Open-cast
  • D. Shaft

7. Which one of the following is not a way of conserving natural resources?

  • A. Use of solar energy
  • B. Paddocking
  • C. Illegal mining
  • D. Reforestation