The Waterfall Model

The Waterfall Model


Are you looking for a Project Management approach that focuses on in depth analysis and detailed planning to facilitate your Instructional Design process? If so, then the Waterfall approach might be just what you need.

Using The Waterfall Model In Instructional Design: A Guide For e-Learning Professionals

The Waterfall In Instructional Design: 6 steps

  1. Needs Analysis
  2. Knowledge Analysis
  3. Identify Limitations
  4. Content Development
  5. Prototyping 
  6. Deployment

1. Needs Analysis

Assess the needs of your learners and identify the primary goals and objectives of the eLearning course. This may involve surveys, online tests, focus groups, interviews, and on-the-job observations. The training needs analysis should focus on your learner's strengths and areas for improvement.

2. Knowledge Analysis

After determining the needs of your learners you must identify how you are going to fill the performance and knowledge gaps. In other words, how are you going to get from point A to point B so that your eLearning program is truly effective?Conduct tasks and skills assessments to figure out how you can improve their productivity and give them the tools and resources they need.

3. Identify Limitations

Every eLearning program has its limitations. This may come in the form of a tight eLearning budget, technology constraints, or busy schedules. Once you identify these limitations you can decide whether they have a viable solution, or if you need to factor them into your eLearning course design. For example, if you dealing with learners who may have limited tech know-how, you can remedy this by offering tutorials that teach them how to use the LMS and use devices they are most familiar with.

4. Content Development

Identify the ideal eLearning activities and online resources that align with your goals and objectives. Branching scenarios, virtual presentations, eLearning simulations, serious games, and eLearning videos are just some of the multimedia elements you can incorporate into your eLearning strategy. You should also decide which Instructional Design models and theories are ideally suited for your learners' needs.

5. Prototyping

Create a rough draft of your eLearning course to serve as a prototype, thenconduct thorough testing in order to determine its effectiveness. This is also the time to work out any issues that may hinder your goals and revise the aspects of your eLearning course that aren't living up to expectations. Focus groups can be an invaluable tool at this stage, as it gives you the opportunity to gather feedback from your target audience.

6. Deployment

Launch your e-Learning course and measure the results. This may also require revisions and eLearning course modifications. Fortunately, the Waterfall method involves a great deal of research and planning, which means that revisions should be minimal at this point.

Let's see how well we understood the model!

  • First step in Waterfall In Instructional Design is Prototyping.
  • On line resources that we collect must align with our goals and objectives.

Fill in the blanks question

After determining the   of your learners you must identify how you are going to fill the performance and knowledge gaps.

Choose the most appropriate answer

In case of fire you have to follow 3 simple steps: the fire alarm or call 112, those who are in danger and only then to extinguish the fire.

Match three A's with the appropriate definitions

  • Activate
    Turn on a fire alarm
  • Assist
    Help people who are in danger
  • Attempt
    Try to extinguish the fire

The four elements that must be present for fire to exist include:

There are four elements that must be present for a fire to exist:

  • oxygen
  • heat
  • fuel
  • a chemical reaction

The concept of fire prevention is based upon keeping these four elements separate.

  • heat, oxygen, fuel and a chemical reaction between the three
  • water, a heat source, fuel and a chemical reaction between the three
  • oxygen, water, fuel and a chemical reaction between the three
  • fuel, oxygen, earth and a chemical reaction between the three

Fire extinguisher in use

Take part in a fire extinguisher training with Jack


Use PASS with your fire extinguisher

  • PULL
  • AIM


You've completed a course on fire safety. Hopefully, now you have a better understanding of fire dangers and fire prevention procedures.