Infinitives - 1
Using an infinitive suggests that you are talking about future or potential activities or experiences. We use infinitives:
1. After verbs that generally refer to a future event:
Example: She threatened to quit if she didn't get a raise.
Infinitives - 2
We use infinitives
2. After certain adjectives:
Infinitives - 3
We use infinitives ...
3. After "too" & "enough":
Gerunds - 1
We use gerunds:
1. After some verbs that refer to real-time activities:
|be worth||fear||miss||resist||feel like|
Example: He misses playing with his friends.
Gerunds - 2
We use gerunds ...
2. aftercertain prepositions:
Gerunds - 3
We use gerunds ...
3. after certain expressions:
1. It's no use convincing him to meet her.
2. There is no point in arguing with her, she never gives in.
3. I can't stand having to queue at bus stopps.
gerund or infinitive
Verbs followed by gerunds or infinitives with no change in meaning
Verbs followed by a gerund or infinitive with no change in meaning:
It started raining.
It started to rain.
I hate swimming.
I hate to swim.
He continues working.
He continues to work.
Verbs followed by gerunds or infinitives with a change in meaning
Verbs followed by a gerund or infinitive with a change in meaning:
1. He forgot opening the window
2. He forgot to open the window
He opened the window, but he forgot about that.
He was supposed to open the window, but he forgot.
1. She regrets quitting her job.
2. She regrets to quit her job.
She left her job, and now she regrets it.
She still works but she is sorry to quit her job.
1. He stopped chatting.
2. He stopped to chat.
He was chatting, and then he stopped.
He was doing something else, and then he stopped in order to chat.
1. I remembered locking the storage.
2. I remembered to lock the storage.
I had a memory in my mind of locking the storage.
I locked the storage as I should have.
1. They tried moving to Australia.
2. They tried to move to Australia.
They moved to Australia for some time to see if it works out for them.
They made an attempt to move to Australia, but it wasn't successful. They didn't move to Australia after all.
Infinitive or Gerund? Fill in the right form of the verbs in brackets.
1. You fear (sell) your house.
2. We are always happy (help).
3. We are dedicated to (change) how things work.
4. We can't afford (bowl) tomorrow night.
5. We are really excited about (climb) that mountain.
Choose the best option.
- not to have
- not having
- not have
To be or not to be? Being or not being?
Drag verbs used with gerunds or infinitives to the corresponding field in alphabetic order.
- Accuse of
- Worry about
- Can't help
Choose the best options.
- to complain
- to be
- to set up
- setting up
Gerund or infinitive? Fill in the right form of the verbs in brackets.
1. He promised his chores.
2. I need with you.
3. I advised her some soup.
4. He is responsible for all the buildings.
5. They avoid us.
Click on the correct verbs.
As you have seen there are some verbs that can be followed by a gerund or infinitive.
Now click those which can go with both but with a change in meaning.
Match the parts of the sentences.
She suggestedtaking the train as the traffic was terrible.
I find it difficultto remember new words.
They accused him ofstealing money.
I am going to the party, so I needto buy a new dress.
She was worried aboutfailing the exam.
Mark the sentences as correct or incorrect.
- Some people prefer getting up early in the morning.
- I look forward to help you paint the house.
- She suggested to go to a movie.
- Sandra decided studying economics in London.
- I don't know what I want to do tonight.
- Jim doesn't feel like going to a party tonight.
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