Profiling bird species

How to identify key facts about different bird species within Australia

What is in a profile?

What is in a profile?

There are many aspects of birds that make each species unique and in need of different types of care when in a captive environment. To understand bird species well enough to care for them you must begin with the basics.

When getting to know about a bird you would look at some general categories. These are detailed below.


What does the bird look like, what are the features that distinguish it from another species e.g. colour, size, markings, their calls etc. Think of the difference between a Little penguin and a Kookaburra.


Where is the bird found, is the range vast or isolated, is the population widespread, or are they dwindling? Consider the distribution of Emu’s vs Cassowary’s in Australia.

Feeding habits

What do the birds mainly eat, are their food sources seasonal, do they use a particular method for eating? An example to demonstrate this could be the different methods and preferred food of a Pelican vs a Lorikeet.

Breeding habits

How and when do they breed, is there a special courtship ritual, do conditions have to be right i.e. do they need to wait for rain? Consider the courtship of a Lyre bird vs the breeding habits of a budgerigar.

Conservation status

Is the species secure, endangered, or even critically endangered. This is very important for you as a keeper of birds, this information will inform what you tell the public on specific bird species, as well your strategies for keeping them and possibly even helping to breed insurance populations.

Self check

  • Description
    Describes the birds physical attributes
  • Distribution
    Describes the birds natural range
  • Feeding habits
    Describes what the bird eats
  • Breeding habits
    When and how the bird reproduces
  • Conservation status
    Describes if the bird is vulnerable or endangered

Drag to the right place

  • Sea Eagle
  • Emu
  • Pied Oystercatcher
  • Gang Gang Cockatoo