Science Process Skills in Young Children

This session is about how children acquire Science process skills.

What is Science Process Skills?

Science Process Skills allow children to process new information through concrete experiences.

Explain the term "concrete experiences".

Science Process Skills are progressive.

What happens if a new skill taught is not a progression from the previous skill?

Science Process Skills overlap each other

Give an example of a skill that overlaps another skill. Relate it back to young children.

Basic Science Process Skills required for preschool children.







Observing is the most fundamental of scientific thinking.

  • It is the most fundamental of scientific thinking.

Observing is by using our 5 senses by which our brain input and describe information gathered. What are the 5 senses?

This is exactly the skill which the scientists use daily to construct meaning and knowledge in the world.


Once observation skill is established, it will lead on to develop the skills of comparing.

Children will begin to compare, contrast and identify similarities and differences.


Classifying begins with children sorting and grouping of real objects.

This is the third skill after  and .


Measuring refers to the skill of quantifying observations.

Measuring may involve numbers: standard and non-standard units.


How does a child communicate the information that he/she has collected?

Intermediate Science Process Skills




When children infer, they make a series of observation, categorize them and then try to give them some meaning.

It requires individual to think and reason about what has occurred.

It involves suggesting explanations, reasons or causes from past events.


Making a statement about what you expect to happen in the future.

Predicting is merely a simple guess and does not require prior knowledge.

  • It is merely a simple guess and does not require prior knowledge.

Sophisticated and abstract Science Process Skills

Forming hypotheses

Separating variables

Active learning. Read the article

Explain 3 of the adults' roles in encouraging active learning in young children.

Explain 3 effects of active learning in young children.

Why do we need to teach young children science?

Learning science aids in the development of language and provide various opportunities to determine cause-and-effect relationships.