Persons using a portable ladder shall:
1. A ladder should be used only for the load and purpose for which it is designed.
2. Inspect the ladder prior to use. Paying special attention to the condition of the ladders feet, checking for any flex or bend in the vertical supports (stiles), check the condition of the rungs, and look for any damage that may affect the safe use of the ladder. Any faulty ladders shall be tagged “Out of Service”.
3. Ensure that the ladder will be positioned on a level and firm ground that is capable of holding the weight of the ladder and the person climbing on it.
4. Ensure that the top two rungs extend beyond the point of contact at the top of the ladder (0.9m overhang).
5. When either a single or extension ladder is used, on first climbing the ladder it shall be footed by another person and the ladder shall be tied off at the top prior to any other task being performed.
6. The persons using the ladder shall maintain three (3) points of contact when climbing.
7. Never stand on the top two rungs of the ladder.
8. Remain within the vertical supports of the ladder i.e. do not reach out beyond arms reach while remaining within the vertical supports.
9. Items shall not be carried up or down a ladder unless carried in a hands free carry bag.
10. Items of excessive weight shall not be carried up or down a ladder.
11. Any item carried up or down the ladder must not affect the balance of the person using the ladder.
12. Consideration should be given to the use of a rope or other suitable means to haul up tools and equipment.
13. Ensure that the metal spreader bar is locked into position on a step ladder prior to using it, or that the rung lock is in place on an extension ladder.
14. Ensure that the correct lean angle is achieved for single and extension ladders by ensuring that the height of the ladder is not more than 4 times the distance from the foot of the ladder to the edge it is leaning on, e.g. about 1m out of every 4m in height. (4:1 Ratio).