Melrose Induction Course

Welcome to the Melrose Induction Course

This induction is designed to inform all workers and contractors engaged by Melrose Fascia, Gutter & Roofing and Melrose Contracting of the minimum safety and environmental duties required of them. It is intended to provide you with some basic information which will help you identify the major hazards and will help you to understand some simple procedures to avoid accidents and damage to yourself, your workmates, the general public and property.

Read our company  Health and Safety Policy and Environmental Policy – understand our objectives and understand your responsibilities

You are required to read our Health and Safety Policy and Environmental Policy, to understand our objectives and to understand YOUR RESPONSIBILITIES.

Legal advice


Melrose Fascia, Gutter & Roofing and Melrose Contracting is committed to providing a safe and healthy workplace for all persons involved in or affected by our operations. This induction does not however override or replace the Work Health and Safety Act, Regulations or relevant Codes of Practices and standards.


Legal duties

All parties involved in or associated with the operations of Melrose Fascia, Gutter & Roofing and Melrose Contracting have legal duties to comply with under the Work Health and Safety Act 2011.

Persons conducting a business or undertaking (Melrose Fascia, Gutter & Roofing and Melrose Contracting and Contractors engaged) have a duty to ensure so far as is reasonably practicable the health and safety of :

  • workers engaged by their business; and
  • other persons who may be at risk due to the business undertakings.

Workers have the following duty

  • to take reasonable care for their own health and safety; and
  • to take reasonable care for others health and safety; and
  • to comply with and reasonable instructions regarding heath and safety; and
  • co-operate with any reasonable policy or procedures relating to health and safety at the workplace.

All parties and persons have a general environmental duty to ensure that when carrying out any activity all reasonable and practicable measures are taken to prevent to minimise harm to the environment.

Have you read our Health and Safety Policy, Environmental Policy, understood our objectives and understood your responsibilities?

  • Yes
  • No

General Construction Induction training

All persons are to have undergone General Construction Induction Training prior to commencing work on site. You are to keep evidence of this training on you at all times. (ie. keep your ticket / card in your wallet or readily accessible). It is your responsibility to ensure this training is current. Advise your supervisor if you require updated training or your ticket has expired.

Do you have a General Construction Induction Card?

  • Yes
  • No

The aim of this section is to make sure that workers are familiar with the WHS rules and procedures of the site relating to HIGH RISK CONSTRUCTION WORK.

Safe Work Method Statement (SWMS)

Before commencing work, all employees and contractors will receive and be trained in Safe Work Method Statements which have been developed by Melrose Fascia, Gutter & Roofing and Melrose Contracting. These detail the activities to be performed, the associated safety risks and the control measures to be taken to manage these risks. All workers engaged by the contractor are also to be trained in the SWMS and familiar with its contents. The measures outlined in the document are to be followed at all times.

Please note the following:

The principal contractor will provide a set of high risk SWMS applicable to the risk activity; please read, review or adjust the principal contractors high risk SWMS and sign off as adopted by your business.

Have you been trained in your proposed work/trade activity task?

  • Yes
  • No

Site specific induction training

Prior to commencing work on a customer’s site, all persons are to participate in the site induction process. This induction will include training on the relevant sections of the WHS Management Plan and customer’s policies.

The aim of this section is to make sure that workers are familiar with the WHS rules and procedures of the site relating to RISK MANAGEMENT

Risk management

Contractors are to implement the Risk Management Process for the safety and environmental issues associated with their activities. There are four basic steps to the Risk Management Process. These steps are:

  1. Identify hazards;
  2. Assess the risks to people and the environment that may result due to these hazards;
  3. Implement the most effective control measures that are reasonably practicable;
  4. Monitor and review the success of the control measures implemented.

Typical hazards on residential construction sites can include but not limited to working at heights, working on or near mobile plant & equipment, gas and or electricity mains, trenches pits & excavations; traffic vehicle & pedestrians – overhead power lines.

All Contractors MUST apply a Duty of Care and accountability by carrying out a written Site Specific Risk Assessment (SSRA) of their workplace, prior to undertaking their work activity to identify any hazards that may affect safety on site and where necessary arrange for the appropriate safety control measures to be put in place.

  • If you require help or assistance in understanding & completing your risk assessment – contact your local site supervisor.
  • SSRA’s must also be dated & timed and a copy forwarded with your invoices.

Identification of hazards

When looking for uncontrolled hazards consider:

  • how suitable things used for a task are, and how well they are located
  • how people use equipment and materials
  • how people or the environment might be affected by noise, fumes, dust etc
  • how people or the environment might be damaged by equipment, machinery or tools
  • how people or the environment might be damaged by chemicals and other materials.

Assess risks

When looking for uncontrolled hazards consider:

  • how suitable things used for a task are, and how well they are located
  • how people use equipment and materials
  • how people or the environment might be affected by noise, fumes, dust etc
  • how people or the environment might be damaged by equipment, machinery or tools
  • how people or the environment might be damaged by chemicals and other materials.


The likelihood of an incident occurring as a result of the hazard, bearing in mind existing control measures should first be assessed.


The consequences (if an incident did occur) will then be determined. To determine the possible consequences, a judgement on the severity of the potential outcome will be made.


The likelihood and consequences estimates should then be combined to obtain a total risk score by using the following risk priority table.


The following legend should then be used to determine the response to the level of risk.


Implement control measures

Wherever practicable the most effective control measures should be introduced. The effectiveness of control measures will be determined by their position in the following hierarchy of controls list.


Review control measures

Use the following principles to monitor and review the effectiveness of any control measures implemented:

  • analyse incident and first aid records;
  • monitor the work performed by workers and take corrective action where necessary;
  • toolbox talks involving consultation with workers to maintain effectiveness of the measures;
  • pre-start inspections of machines and equipment.
  • inspections of work areas and processes.
  • direct supervision and corrective action as required.

When should site risk assessments be completed?

  • before work starts
  • prior to sending your invoice

WHS management plan

All relevant projects will have a WHS Management Plan developed by the principal contractor or customer. The WHS Management Plan will outline how safety will be managed and monitored on site. The sections of the WHS Management Plan that are relevant to you will be discussed with you by the principal contractor at site specific induction training and are to be followed at all times. Site specific WHS Management Plans provided by principal contractors must be taken to and readily available on site.

Have you been given a copy of the principal contractor's Site Safety Management Plan?

  • Yes
  • No

The aim of this section is to make sure that workers are familiar with the WHS rules and procedures of the site relating to WORKING ON SITE

Safety signs

The environment in which you work will have some risks which can not be eliminated. Look for signs, barricades etc. that warn of hazards. Safety signs are classified according to their function as follows:






Do you know where the site emergency phone number is located?

  • Yes
  • No

Construction site security and fencing

General site access and egress shall be established in a manner that is safe and without the potential of endangering workers working on the site or the nearby public. There is an obligation to report any unauthorised entry to the Site Supervisor/ Principal Contractor.

Trades who leave gates or fencing panels open or unsecured will be back charged for the fence rectification

  • Gates are to remain closed and locked at all times as per company policy.
  • Fencing panels if removed for access; MUST be laid flat and not in the propped up position for safety reasons and reinstated once work is complete.

Why is it important to secure the site security fencing at the end of each working day?

Please note:- For issues with fencing contact your builder / site supervisor

  • to prevent unauthorised access
  • not my problem

Personal protective equipment (PPE)

  • Where there is a risk of personal injury and it is not practical to control the risk by other means PPE is to be worn. Follow these requirements as well as any signage displayed requiring the use of PPE.
  • You are responsible for maintaining the PPE in good condition and having it always accessible.


Smoking

Smoking is not permitted in the following situations:

  • In offices, site sheds, lunchrooms, toilets and any similar building or enclosed or partially enclosed structure;
  • In confined spaces, near fuel storage areas or whist refuelling;
  • Whilst near or whilst handling flammable or combustible materials;
  • In other areas where signage indicates no smoking.
  • On sites where a no-smoking policy is in place.

In other areas smoking may be permitted however the comfort of others is to be considered at all times. Where there may be conflict the rights of the non-smoker will prevail.

When should personal protective equipment (PPE) be used?

  • as prescribed in your SWMS
  • as or when you feel it is required

Working in the sun

Sun exposure can lead to a variety of health risks, the most obvious risks are to the skin and eyes.

  • All persons are to apply sunscreen before working outdoors. Reapply sunscreen every 2 hours when working outside for prolonged periods.
  • Adequate clothing is to be worn by all workers. Preference should be given to long sleeves with a collar. This will offer you better protection however is not mandatory. Shirts with sleeves removed will not be permitted nor will working outdoors without a shirt be permitted.
  • Wear a hat (preferably a broad brim) and sunglasses when working outside.
  • Maintain a good fluid intake by taking small, frequent drinks of water.
  • Check your skin, especially those parts most exposed to the sun. Report any skin changes to your doctor and request that they are examined.

All workers should wear the appropriate UV protection, where and when required and regularly rehydrate themselves?

  • true
  • false

The aim of this section is to make sure that workers are familiar with the WHS rules and procedures of the site relating to COMMON HAZARDS.

Work at heights

  • Any works performed at 2 metres or more must be performed off a scaffold or platform with edge protection systems.
  • All scaffolds over 4 metres in height must be installed by a licensed and competent scaffolder.
  • Never remove guardrails, planks, brick guards or other scaffold components.
  • If scaffold is unsafe or needs to be altered speak to the Supervisor immediately.
  • For working platforms / work less the thresholds mentioned above ensure the potential fall zone is clear of excessive rubbish, materials and other hazards.

 

The most common forms of providing fall protection in our industry are:

  • Perimeter Scaffolding
  • Hanging Bracket Scaffolding
  • Independent rafter / roof post and rail systems

Hanging racket scaffolds / Light duty work platforms

The following measures are to be implemented for hanging bracket scaffolds.

  • Hanging bracket scaffolds and their means of support should be designed by an engineer with a minimum safe working load of 225kg.
  • Spacing of brackets should not exceed the maximum plank spans specified by the manufacturer.
  • The vertical member of the hanger must sit against the slab or be spread across 3 studs.
  • Planks may overlap planks on straight runs on hanging bracket scaffolds, provided the overlap is at least 300 mm.
  • Working platforms are to be a minimum 450mm wide.
  • Planks should overlap their supports by not less than 150mm nor more than 250mm.
  • Planks should be secured (eg. clamped) to prevent any movement.

Only licensed / competent scaffolder should alter or adjust scaffolding?

  • true
  • false

Marking and setting out for roof battens

  • If the trusses are installed at 600 mm centres or less, position the body so that the feet are on adjacent trusses at all times and walk to the apex of the roof in order to mark out measurements.
  • If trusses are at greater than 600 mm centres, do not walk on the top chord of un-battened trusses unless internal fall protection is in place. Marking/setting out should be done sequentially throughout the batten installation process, or by working from a ladder or work platform.


Installing roof battens

  • Secure the lower battens working from a ladder or internal or external work platform prior to roof access being required.
  • Secure the remaining battens sequentially up to the apex of the roof by positioning the body over the truss (see Figure below), making sure that there is at least one secured batten at waist level or above to minimise the risk of a fall.

Guardrailing for roof work

Guardrail systems should include the following:

  • toeboards or mesh infill to prevent tools, materials or debris falling from the roof or a bottom rail in lieu of a toeboard if a 2 metre ‘no go’ zone has been established to prevent persons entering the area below.
  • gaps between rails are not to exceed 450 mm.
  • The clear distance between a mid-rail and a toeboard or bottom rail should not exceed 275 mm.
  • The gap between the roof edge, including the gutter, and a guardrail located outside the roof line should not exceed 100 mm.
  • (Source: Code of Practice Preventing falls in housing construction–Safe Work Australia)
  •  a clear distance between the roof cladding and the bottom rail of not less than 150 mm and not greater than 275 mm.
  • the  effective guardrail height above the roof surface should be less than 900 mm.
  • infill panels where the pitch of the roof exceeds 26 degrees.


If there are issues with guardrails who must you call?

  • site supervisor
  • your offsider

Catch platforms for roofing work

  • Catch platforms should be positioned as close as practicable to the underside of the roof however no greater than:

    • 1 metre for where the roof pitch is not greater than 26 degrees.
    • 500 mm where the roof pitch is greater than 26 degrees.
  • The top rail should be located at an effective height of not less than 900 mm above the point where the roofline projection intersects the guardrailing, installed with 450 mm midrails.
  • Catch platforms should extend to finish not more than 225 mm from the building face or be fitted with edge protection on the platform’s inner edge.
  • Keep catch platforms clear of equipment, materials and debris.


Specifications for McDonald Jones Homes steel frame supports

The following details the box stud section and fixing specifications that must be in place prior to accessing steel framed houses. If supports do not comply with these details contact the Supervisor prior to accessing roof.


Vehicle traffic

  • Vehicles are to be operated by appropriately classed license holder, experienced and competent persons.
  • Maintain a safe travel speed and use defensive driving techniques.
  • Traffic rules and regulations and Site Traffic Management Plans are to be adhered to at all times.
  • The area in direction of travel is to be clear of people and obstructions. Use a spotter where required.
  • Maintain a safe distance from edge of embankments, structures and other vehicles.
  • Vehicles are to be maintained in accordance with manufacturer’s instructions. Evidence of this maintenance is to be available.
  • Safe vehicle mass is not to be exceeded with loading of materials and equipment.
  • Flag loads where necessary and do not exceed maximum overhang dimensions.
  • Upon shut down, engage park brake, and remove keys from vehicle.
  • Do not carry passengers unless an approved seat is fitted.
  • DO NOT ALLOW any person to position themselves between the vehicle and another vehicle, container or structure

Existing services

  • Identify any existing services such as plumbing and overhead power prior to commencing work.
  • Take care when working near underground services so as not to damage them.
  • A minimum exclusion zone of 3 metres is to be maintained at all times from electrical hazards unless these have been isolated or otherwise controlled.

Chemicals and hazardous substances

  • Look for warning labels on containers, read and understand them.
  • Make sure you understand the precautions to be taken when using any chemical and that you follow those procedures.
  • Use the protective clothing and equipment recommended by the manufacturer.
  •  If you decanter into another container, label the new container appropriately.
  • Replace caps, stoppers or lids immediately after use and place the container back in its storage place.
  • Ensure Hazardous Chemicals are used in areas where there is good natural ventilation.
  • Safety Data Sheets (SDS) are to be available for all chemicals and Hazardous Chemicals. They will advise you:
    • the ingredients of the product;
    • precautions to follow when using the product;
    • safe handling and storage information;
    • medical and emergency information.
    • Don’t take chances when working with Hazardous Chemicals, read and follow the requirements on the SDS.

Where should Safety Data Sheets (SDS) be kept?

  • on site where substance is used and on the Certify Onsite mobile app
  • in the office

Hand tools

  • Use only tools that are in good condition and for the purpose for which they were designed.
  • Use the best and most appropriate tool for the job.
  • Inspect all tools regularly. Do not use blunt or defective tools. Remove them from service for repair.
  • Be aware of sharp or pointed edges and store so as these edges are not protruding.
  • Hammers, chisels and similar tools are not to be used if timber handles are loose, cracked or excessively splintered.

Materials handling and safe lifting

Many serious, painful and long lasting injuries occur when moving materials and equipment. However, by observing some basic rules we can prevent injuries.

  1. Mechanical aids are to be used wherever possible to avoid the need for manual handling.
  2. Do not lift or move a load that is too heavy for you. In these situations:
    • break the item up into smaller acceptable loads if possible; or
    • get assistance and perform a team lift to move the load.
  3. When lifting use good manual handling and lifting practices. Plan the lift.
    • know where you are moving the load to before the lift
    • is there sufficient space or do things need to be moved first
    • is the path clear and free from obstructions
  4. Make the lift.
    • position yourself as close to the load as possible
    • get a firm palm grip
    • bend your knees, not your back
    • let your leg muscles do the work
    • lift smoothly without jerking or twisting
    • to change directions with the load use your feet - do not twist
  5. When storing stock and other items consider that they will need to be accessed and moved.
    • Store heavier items between hand and shoulder height (standing upright) for ease of handling.
    • Store lighter materials above and below this area.

Ladders

  • Before using a ladder inspect it for damage. Ensure it has no loose, broken or missing rungs and that the rubber boots are intact.
  • Report any defects immediately. Do not use a damaged ladder.
  • Set single and extension ladders at the correct ratio of 1 in 4 (75 degrees) before climbing.
  • Secure single and extension ladders at the top and / or bottom. Ensure ladders are on a good firm footing.
  • Make sure ladders are long enough for the job and protrude at least 1 metre above the area being accessed.
  • Clean any mud or grease from footwear before using ladders.
  • All ladders are to be rated industrial, domestic grade ladders are not to be used.
  • Only one person should be on a ladder at a time. Maintain 3 points of contact with the ladder at all times.
  • Metal ladders are not to be used for electrical work or work near electricity. In these instances use fibreglass or timber ladders.

What grade of ladder should be used?

  • industrial grade - rated no less than 120kgs
  • 100kgs

Electrical safety and portable power tools

  • Always consider electrical equipment and machinery as live unless it is tested to prove otherwise.
  • All electrical repairs are only to be performed by certified and qualified persons.
  • Report any defective electrical appliances, tools or equipment. Switch off, remove from service and do not use.
  • If electrical equipment needs cleaning or maintenance, switch off the power and pull out the plug.
  • Keep extension leads as short as possible, not coiled and ensure they are elevated wherever possible and do not run across water or other areas where they may be subject to damage.
  • All electrical equipment must be protected by Residual Current Devices (RCD) at all times. Test the RCD to ensure it is working prior to use each day.
  • Double adapters and piggy backing is not permitted.
  • All leads, power boards and electrical equipment are to be robust industrial standard and not domestic rated.
  • Portable power tools are to be checked regularly, used and maintained in accordance with manufacturer’s instructions.
  • All electrical equipment is to carry a current test certificate (tag)

How often should leads be tagged?

  • 3 monthly
  • 6 monthly
  • annually

Portable electric generators

  •  Portable generators used on site must have a residual current device (RCD) wired directly into the generator.
  • Generators must have an earth lead and stake for grounding when in use.
  • Portable outlet devices on generators must be:
    • Robust and double insulated and a minimum rating of IP33.
    • Switches controlling the outlet are to be double pole.
    • Socket outlets are to be protected against damage by extended sides or covers.

Explosive powered tools

  • Explosive powered tools must only be operated by a competent person and in accordance with manufacturer’s instructions.
  • Do not direct the muzzle at anyone.
  • Place warning signs around work area and maintain an exclusion zone of at least 6 metres.
  • Cartridges must be kept in the appropriate compartment marked “Explosives”.
  • Wear eye and ear protection.
  • Call a warning prior to discharging.
  • Tools are to be securely stored and not left unattended when not in use.

Circular saws

A range of different saw blades are available allowing the cross cutting, rip sawing or angle cutting of timber and other materials. It is important that you ensure you have the appropriate blade for the task and materials.

Safe Use

  • Check blade before use (clean, free of defects and that the centre hole (bore) matches the saw shaft (arbor) diameter).
  • Check guard is working and returns to position quickly.
  • Mark and secure the timber.
  • Set blade depth – about 10mm greater than thickness of material.
  • Be sure the power cord and extension cord are out of the way and sufficient length.
  • Hold saw firmly with two hands and line up notch on saw with your pencil mark.
  • You must support the back of the saw.
  • Start saw and allow blade to reach full speed before contact with timber.
  • Steadily move saw forward supporting its weight with your front hand whilst completing the cut.
  • Keep hands away from blade at all times. Never reach under the saw or materials.
  • Never over-reach. Maintain a balanced position and stay alert to the possibility of the blade binding and causing “kickback”
  • Switch saw off when cut is completed then wait for blade to stop.
  • Remove saw from material making sure retractable guard is covering blade.
  • Unplug saw before making any adjustments (eg. cutting depth, cutting angle).

Maintenance

  • Keep vent openings clear of dust and grime.
  • Keep retractable guard mechanism clean.
  • Clean sawdust extraction holes in fixed guard.
  • Empty and clean any extraction units regularly.
  • Regularly inspect lead, plug, switch for damage –advise your supervisor if faulty.
  • Remove and check condition of the carbon brushes regularly. If worn uneven or close to minimum length – replace them.

Drop saw / Mitre saw

The power mitre saw is a special type of circular saw designed for precision wood cutting. Typical applications include cutting studwork, cutting mitres for skirting and architraves plus all sorts of general-purpose carpentry and joinery. It is a "fixed" power tool that leaves the operator with both hands free. This automatically poses further risks since there is more opportunity for hands to get close to the blade. Great care must always be taken to ensure that your hands are out of the path of the blade.

Safe Use

  • Ensure the saw is attached firmly on a workbench or other rigid frame and operate saw at waist height. Do not operate the saw on the ground.
  • Make sure the saw is switched off before plugging in.
  • Check that the blade and arbor collars are secure and clean.
  • Ensure that any adjusting keys are removed and that power cord and extension cord are out of the way and of sufficient length.
  • Do an initial “dry cut” to check that the guard is working and returns to position quickly.
  • Inspect materials for nails, screws or other imperfections.
  • Keep the work area clean. Cluttered areas and off cuts invite accidents.
  • Maintain a balanced position. Be alert to the possibility of the blade “binding” in material.
  • Mark, position and wherever possible secure the timber.
  • Keep one hand on the trigger switch and handle and use the other hand to hold the stock against the fence.
  • Allow motor to reach full speed before cutting.
  • Steadily move saw forward towards timber and make cut.
  • Keep hands out of the path of the blade. Do not reach around or behind blade. Never place your hands any closer than 150mm from blade.
  • Do not force the saw. The saw cuts better and more safely at the rate for which it was designed.
  • Raise the blade from the timber and release the switch.
  • Wait for blade to stop completely before removing materials. Do not take your hand away from the trigger switch and handle until the blade is fully covered by the blade guard.
  • Do not cut free hand. Timber is to always lie solidly on the table and against the fence.

Maintenance

  • Keep vent openings clear of dust and grime.
  • Keep retractable guard mechanism clean.
  • Empty and clean any extraction units regularly.
  • Regularly inspect lead, plug, switch for damage –advise your supervisor if faulty.
  • Remove and check condition of the carbon brushes regularly. If worn uneven or close to minimum length – replace them.

Portable drills

Drill size is determined by maximum sized drill bit that will fit into the chuck (eg. 6.5mm, 10mm, 13mm). Drills are generally available as single speed (fast speed for small holes), dual speed (fast and slow speed for larger diameter holes) or variable speed which allows the operator to choose speed depending on size of the hole)

Safe Use

  • Use the correct drill for the job and materials.
  • Select the correct drill bit. Check for debris before inserting bit and tightening chuck firmly. Be sure to remove chuck key before drilling.
  • Select correct speed and drilling action (eg. impact).
  • Centre punch the mark for hard materials.
  • Secure the materials (eg. G clamp).
  • Place drill point on centre mark and drill the hole. Use two hands initially to steady drill and start hole.
  • Do not force drill - maintain steady pressure.
  • Do not cover vents with hands as drill can overheat.
  • Do not wobble the drill – keep drill straight.
  • Keep drill on until withdrawn from material – this will clear waste.
  • For thick materials withdraw bit occasionally to clear waste and prevent overheating.
  • Use a backing block where necessary to prevent splitting of materials.
  • Unplug drill before changing bits or accessories.

Maintenance

  • Keep bits sharp and maintained and store in weatherproof containers when not in use.
  • Replace any blunt / damaged bits as required.
  • Keep vent openings clear of dust and grime.
  • Inspect lead, plug, switch for damage –advise your supervisor if faulty

Portable air compressors

Provides a steady stream of air at variable pressures to power pneumatic tools – including nailing guns, spray guns, jackhammers etc. Belts and pistons draw air in and store it in a holding tank under high pressure. Pressurized air is released via an outlet and hose to the tool


Start Up

  • Place compressor in a well ventilated, protected and level area.
  • Make sure oil level is correct and drain valve is closed.
  • Ensure compressor switch is in off position and then connect to power supply.
  • Ensure regulated outlet is closed and then turn compressor on.
  • Attach hose to tool and outlet using the quick connect couplers ensuring that they are secure.
  • Adjust the regulating valve to the correct output pressure for the tool (while air is being discharged by tool)

Nailing guns

Nail guns are available in a range of sizes for different applications. Nailing guns thrust the nail into timber and automatically reload.

Common Types of Nail Guns

  • Framing gun – large gun designed for heavy duty jobs such as assembling wall framing
  • Finishing gun – smaller gun that drives smaller size nails (32mm – 60mm)  – decking, trims, cladding

Most nail guns have a switchable trigger mechanism allowing them to be used in 2 ways

  • Single or sequential fire

Contact trip must be held against work piece followed by actuation of the trigger to discharge nail

  • Successive, rapid or bump fire

Trigger is held in firing position and the nail is driven when the contact trip makes contact with work piece

Loading of Nails

  • Disconnect from air hose if connected.
  • Grasp the nail gun firmly and lift the magazine latch holding the magazine in place.
  • Slide the magazine follower out until it is latched into loading position.
  • Place nails in magazine with point of nail facing the nose (only use nails suitable for the tool as recommended by manufacturer).
  • Slide the follower forward until it contacts the nails / locks nails into position.
  • Press down on work piece releasing contact trip mechanism. Ensure there is no jamming of this mechanism.

Pre-Start Test

Always lubricate the tool as recommended by manufacturer before using

  • Connect the air supply to the tool making sure regulated pressure is correct.
  • Depress the contact trip mechanism against the work piece without pulling the trigger (the tool must not cycle).
  • Lift the tool clear of the work piece and make sure the contact trip mechanism returns to its original position.
  • To complete test and check driving depth - depress the contact trip mechanism against the work piece and pull the trigger –tool will fire if working correctly.
  • Do not use a faulty tool.

Removing Jammed Nails (Disconnect tool from air hose before clearing any jammed nails)

Jammed in magazine

  • Lift magazine latch and slide magazine towards rear of tool.
  • Grab jammed nail/s with pliers and remove.
  • Re-test tool.

Jammed in discharge area

  • Remove all nails from the magazine.
  • Take off the nose piece cover. (It may be necessary to remove contact mechanism first).
  • Clear nail from nose with pliers.
  • Replace nose piece and contact mechanism.
  • Re-test tool.

Safe Use

  • Always inspect and test the tool before use. Do not use a faulty tool.
  • Always assume that the tool contains nails.
  • Use clean, dry regulated air within manufacturers recommended pressure levels.
  • Never point the tool at yourself or others no matter how far away they may be.
  • Do not use tool in cluttered areas. Exclude people from the work area.
  • Disconnect tool from hose when clearing a jam, making adjustments or when not in use. Never leave a nail gun unattended.
  • Only use nails recommended by the manufacturer in the owners manual.
  • Remove finger from trigger when not driving nails. Do not walk around with tool with finger on trigger.
  • Do not over-reach; always maintain proper footing and balance.
  • Keep your hands and feet well away from nose piece when nailing     (if you cannot, use a hammer for task).
  • Clearly display one or more warning signs.

Maintenance

  • Check nailing gun regularly for any loose fittings, cracks or air leaks.
  • Make sure contact mechanism and trigger are functioning properly.
  • If tool has an automatic lubricating system check and fill as recommended by manufacturer.
  • Inspect any in line air filters and change or clean as necessary.
  • Keep the nailing nose as clean as possible.
  • Wipe of any dirt or grime on the outside of the tool.

Is it a legal obligation to ensure the welfare of workers?

  • yes
  • no

The aim of this section is to make sure that workers are familiar with the WHS rules and procedures of the site relating to WORK BEHAVIOUR.

Work behaviour

Unacceptable behaviour can be extremely dangerous in the work area. Therefore:

  • Do not trip, fight or wrestle with another person.
  • Walk; do not run on the job.
  • Never throw things at the workplace.
  • Do not distract anyone that is concentrating on their job.
  • Horseplay, skylarking and practical joking will not be tolerated and will be regarded as grounds for dismissal.

Drugs and alcohol

  • Melrose Fascia, Gutter & Roofing and Melrose Contracting takes a no tolerance approach to alcohol and / or illicit drugs on site. A zero blood alcohol concentration is required. Any deviation from this policy will result in disciplinary action.
  • It is important to remember that some prescription drugs can have side effects such as drowsiness. Check medicine labels for any warnings and let your supervisor know if you are taking any medication with a possible side effect.

Consumption of alcohol or the taking of illicit drugs is forbidden on all construction sites?

  • true
  • false

Housekeeping

Preventing accidents begins with good housekeeping practices.

  • Do not have your work areas cluttered with materials, rubbish or other hazards. Maintain your work area in a clean and tidy condition.
  • Remove rubbish from work areas regularly and place in bins provided or in neat piles. Do not allow rubbish to accumulate.
  • Store materials, tools and equipment safely and in their correct areas.
  • Clean up slippery floors due to mud, oil, grease, spillage etc. immediately.
  • Keep access ways clear of rubbish and materials.
  • Stack materials properly so as they cannot fall and they are not protruding into access ways.
  • A thorough clean up of rubbish, off cuts, equipment and materials is to take place at the end of every day.

Jewellery, hair, clothing

These things can cause serious injury if they catch or are caught on something.

  • Wear close fitting clothing. Loose fitting clothing can get caught in machinery and equipment.
  • Be aware of loose hair; make sure it is contained appropriate for the task.
  • It is advisable not to wear bracelets or long neck chains on the job.

Mobile phone use

The use of mobile phones whether talking or texting is not allowed whilst working. Studies show a significant increase of injuries to workers on mobile phones whilst continuing to work. To answer or make a call – stop work and step away from the work area to make / receive the call.

The aim of this section is to make sure that workers are familiar with the WHS rules and procedures of the site relating to the ENVIRONMENT.

Environmental impacts and aspects

  • Do not discharge or deposit any pollutant into waters, drains, watercourses, stormwater catchments, and water bodies or onto land where it is reasonably likely to enter any waters (this includes a pollutant carried by rain or wind).
  • Spoil and vegetation that is disturbed shall not be pushed into or within 10 metres of any drain, watercourse or flood prone area.
  • Chemicals should not be decanted, mixed or stored close to stormwater drains or watercourses.
  • When refuelling all care shall be taken to avoid spillage.
  • All oils and other waste (eg oil filters, fuel drums, etc) should be removed and disposed of at an approved waste disposal site.
  • Vehicles leaking fuel or oil are not permitted on site.
  • All native fauna is protected. It is illegal to destroy, take, kill or unnecessarily disturb any animal. All works and activities on the site shall be carried out in a manner that minimises disruption of habitat.
  • In the event that any human remains or other items suspected to be Aboriginal archaeological artifacts are discovered stop work immediately and report to the Operations Manager.
  • Locate equipment away from neighbors where possible.
  • Ensure that all equipment is fitted with the manufacture recommended noise attenuation devices (or similar) and are in working order.
  • Run noisy equipment only when required or needed.
  • Water used for washing/cleaning purposes of equipment, is to be controlled and managed to prevent contamination of any soil surface or drainage areas.
  • Where the job requires water near a storm water drain, then implement management practices that will prevent or minimise pollution.
  • Divert run-off away from street gutters and storm water drains.
  • Ensure appropriate sediment controls are in place around storm water drains and street gutters before starting works

Which environmental items do I need to notify Melrose of an issue?

  • hazardous substance spills
  • soils stockpiles
  • stormwater
  • waste
  • dust, smoke and odours
  • noise

The aim of this section is to make sure that workers are familiar with the WHS rules and procedures of the site relating to EMERGENCY PROCEDURES.

Accident and incident reporting

  • You must notify the Melrose Fascia, Gutter & Roofing and Melrose Contracting Supervisor immediately of any injuries, property damage, or near misses that could have resulted in someone being seriously injured.
  • It is a policy of Melrose Fascia, Gutter & Roofing and Melrose Contracting that certain injuries and incidents will be investigated. In these situations, you may be asked to participate in the investigation. The purpose of the investigation is not to determine fault or blame, but to prevent similar or more serious incidents happening.

When should incidents be reported?

  • within 24 hours
  • as soon as possible i.e. 30 minutes

Serious injury

  • Do not panic
  • Ensure the injured person is in no further danger and make them comfortable. Keep them calm and warm.
  • Do not move person unless they are in threat of further danger.
  • Call Emergency Services by dialling 000. When phoning for help say:
    • ​​Where the emergency is
    • Who is calling
    • What is being done
    • What has happened

Wait to be told what to do before hanging up

  • Inform Melrose Fascia, Gutter & Roofing and Melrose Contracting immediately.

Electric shock

  • Do not touch victim or live wires.
  • Disconnect power if possible. Use non conductive material (dry wood, rubber, plastic) to remove victim or wire.
  • Apply artificial respiration if necessary.
  •  In the event of a fire only use a fire extinguisher if you are trained and do not put yourself at risk of injury.

Fire

  • Warn other people of danger.
  • Call Fire Brigade by phoning 000.
  • Only if safe to do so, try to contain the fire using fire fighting equipment.



First aid treatments

  • All contractors are required to ensure they have access to an adequately stocked first aid kit.
  • This first aid kit is to be kept in a suitable location that is close to the work area (eg. in the contractor’s vehicle).

In the event of a fire or evacuation what must you do?

  • alert all other contractors in the immediate area of danger
  • advise the site supervisor of the situation
  • if necessary call the relevant emergency services