List the sequence in which the life cycle of a project follows?
Whether you are creating a project plan for a prospective client or planning on renovating your house the same basic steps apply. Searching the internet, you may find numerous approaches to the diverse field of project management but in essence they all recommend using the same sequence of steps, either in a 4, 5 or multiple step approach. The number of phases will be determined by the complexity of the project.
For ease of reference we will be focusing on a five step approach. Each step normally requires fulfilling different criteria which in turn means utilizing a different set of skills or different resources, so collaboration plays a big part of project management.
1. Defining the project:
This is the initiation phase of the project where input is required from all project stakeholders based on the project brief from the sponsor in order to clarify and define the project clearly. A comprehensive scope of work needs to be formalized so that all stakeholders are informed of the project criteria.
The project planning phase includes taking quality, time and costs into consideration. In order to do this a complete breakdown of the scope of work is necessary to determine job requirements and specifications for each stake holder. Sequencing of jobs along with time limits is also a critical component of this planning phase.
During the briefing phase it is important to determine responsibilities, a chain of command and subsequent areas of accountability. Control procedures need to determined based on accountability. Empowering each stakeholder is an integral part of ensuring the success of the project.
During the implementation and executed of the project it is important to have monitoring and support processes in place to control the work in progress. Monitoring should be conducted at regular intervals based on a predetermined reporting system and should also include the financial performance of the project.
The wrap up and evaluation brings the project to a successful conclusion. Before closing off the project it is important to evaluate the projects effectiveness and determine if there are any “lessons learned” for future projects.
- Define, Plan, Brief, Implement, Evaluate
- Plan, Define, Brief, Implement, Evaluate
- Brief, Plan, Define, Implement, Evaluate
- Evaluate, Define, Plan, Brief, Implement