Behavior Parent Training

This training program uses a method of learning called Programmed Instruction in which you:

  1. will actively participate in the instructional process
  2. are presented with step-by-step instructions organized in a way that each logically leads to the next
  3. are allowed to proceed at your own pace

 

This allows you the flexibility of choosing the time and place to complete the training. You will be able to save your work and continue later. There will be a 3 week window in which the training will be available for completion from X to Y. The recommendation is that you complete no more than 2 modules per sitting, but you have the liberty to choose how long to spend each time you log in. However, the assessments and modules must be completed in the order presented.

Start Here!

The majority of problem behaviors children present are probably...

  • a reflection of deeper emotional problems.
  • a result of disorders such as ADHD and autism.
  • accidentally taught by the child’s family.
  • because of a stage which the child will outgrow.

When should a child who is just learning to wash his hands be praised the first time?

  • When he firsts opens the faucet
  • When he finishes washing his hands
  • When he asks to do it himself without assistance
  • When he washes hands as his own initiation without being prompted

Each time Bobby’s mother lies down to rest, Bobby begins making a lot of noise which prevents her from enjoying her rest time. The best way for her to get Bobby to be quiet while she rests is to...

  • severely reprimand him when this occurs and put him in a time out.
  • immediately before laying down to rest, Bobby’s mother should provide him with some quiet, preferred toys and activities that he enjoys playing with independently.
  • each time this occurs, mom should call him to her and explain carefully how important it is for her to have quiet time for herself.
  • try not to rest when Bobby is at home.

A child often hits her brother only when she is around her mother. In trying to find out why she hits, her mother should first consider the possibility that...

  • the child is trying to tell her something
  • the child is jealous of her brother
  • Mom is somehow rewarding the child’s hitting
  • the brother is annoying the child

Which would be the best example of an appropriate way to praise Julie?

  • Good girl, Julie
  • I love you, Julie
  • I’ll tell your father how nice you were when he comes home
  • Julie, I like the way you shared the toy with your sister

Listed below are four methods to change behavior. Which is usually the best technique to get Adam to stop scratching mosquito bites?

  • Reprimand this behavior
  • Ignore the behavior
  • Reward him for not scratching
  • Explain to the child why scratching is not a good thing to do

Nicole & Johnny

Lately, 3 ½ year old Johnny has been screaming and crying almost on a daily basis for what seems to be no good reason. Nicole, Johnny’s mom, took him to the pediatrician, who determined that there was no medical reason for his crying. Even minor issues like not remembering where he put his toys or not being able to reach his ball, leads to a long episode to crying and screaming. His mom noticed that he often starts screaming and crying when she is busy with his baby sister or while she is on the phone.  Right now, mom is on the phone and Johnny starts crying again.

Johnny’s mom wants the crying to stop. What do you think she should do?

Should mom hang up the phone and go see what happened?

  • Yes
  • No

Should mom ignore the crying and continue talking on the phone?

  • Yes
  • No

Should mom hang up the phone and go talk to Johnny, explain to him that he is a big boy and should be quiet and let mommy talk on the phone?

  • Yes
  • No

Hannah

Four year old Hannah and her dad are going to the supermarket. As usual, Hannah gets very excited and wants to buy different candies. When her dad says no, she immediately bursts into tears and goes into a very loud temper tantrum in the middle of the store. Many shoppers stare at the little girl and her dad.

What do you think Hannah’s dad should do?

Should dad leave the store and put Hannah in time out?

  • Yes
  • No

Should dad ignore her temper tantrum (and the other shoppers) and continue shopping?

  • Yes
  • No

Should dad quickly pick Hannah up and hug her, explain that daddy loves her but candy is bad for her health, and also screaming is not nice because it makes the other people feel very worried?

  • Yes
  • No

David

David’s dad walks into 5 year-old David’s room and sees that his toys are all over his room. He calls David to come back to his room and pick up his toys. David says, “I don’t want to pick them up; I like it just the way it is”.

What do you think David’s dad should do?

Should Dad say, “This is unacceptable, pick your toys on the count of three or I will send you to time out! One, two, three...” and put David in time out if he does not comply?

  • Yes
  • No

Should dad say: “David, you need to pick up your toys.” And show him how to pick them up. If David is not picking the toys up independently, should dad physically guide him to pick up his toys?

  • Yes
  • No

Should dad immediately explain to David why it is important to clean up after he is done playing and that he thinks he is a big boy that should be responsible for keeping his toys in place each time it happens?

  • Yes
  • No

Module 1: Principle 1- Behavior is observable & measurable

Welcome!

Welcome to Behavior Foster Parent Training Online!

The goal of this course is to provide you with effective parenting skills, based on the science of behavior, that will enable you to face the many challenges you will encounter as a parent. We will cover six principles of behavior that will guide you and provide you tools for positive parenting. 

What is Behavior?


What is Behavior?

Behavior is anything a person says or does. A man participating in a 100 meter race is observed to be running. 

What is Behavior?

Behavior is anything a person says or does.

This man is observed to be running. 

Running is the man's

Observable and Measurable

Behavior is Observable


Behavior is Measurable


  • Observable
    means you must be able to see it.
  • Measurable
    means you must be able to quantify it in some way such as duration, quantity or size.

Why does behavior need to be Observable and Measurable?


Internal States vs Observable and Measurable

Internal States of mind and emotions are impossible for an outside observer to know. Terms such as thinking, depressed, or traumatized are all . Some people may argue that they can see when someone is happy or sad, but really what is being observed is a set of facial expressions and body language associated with the.

Private Behaviors

Internal States of Mind and Emotion are Private Behaviors

Internal states of mind and emotions cannot be observed by others. They are Private Behaviors.  Private behaviors are only accessible to the organism engaging in the private behavior. While we know that private behaviors exist, they are not the cause of public behavior. This means that we should not say that Andrew is misbehaving because he is sad or that Sasha is traumatized and that is why she talks back disrespectfully. We can't know this for sure because feelings are . Looking for the causes of behavior in the environment instead of inside the person, gives us access to change variables under our control in order to change behavior.

Observable and Measurable

Foster care children come with traumatic histories that often translate into challenging behaviors. Defining challenging behaviors in a way that is and allows us, as caregivers, to avoid talking about internal states (i.e. sadness, trauma, attachment issues, etc.) that as outside observers we have no access to or control over.

Observable & Measurable Behavior - Activity 1

What is the girl's behavior?

When we talk about someone's behavior we must talk about it in observable and measurable terms. You are presented with two ways to talk about a behavior. Choose the answer that defines the behavior in observable and measurable terms.

  • Happy
  • Smiling

Observable & Measurable Behavior - Activity 2

What is the boy's behavior?

When we talk about someone's behavior we must talk about it in observable and measurable terms. You are presented with two ways to talk about a behavior. Choose the answer that defines the behavior in observable and measurable terms. 

  • Frowning
  • Sadness

Observable & Measurable Behavior - Activity 3


What is the boy's behavior?

When we talk about someone's behavior we must talk about it in observable and measurable terms. You are presented with two ways to talk about a behavior. Choose the answer that defines the behavior in observable and measurable terms.

  • Crying
  • Having a Meltdown

Observable & Measurable Behavior - Activity 4

What is the boy's behavior?

When we talk about someone's behavior we must talk about it in observable and measurable terms. You are presented with two ways to talk about a behavior. Choose the answer that defines the behavior in observable and measurable terms. 

  • Being rude
  • Sticking out his tongue