Sexual Harassment in the Workplace

Welcome!

 

Today's Learning Objective:

By the end of this learning module you will be able to recognize sexual harassment in the workplace.

 

How Your Learning Will Be Evaluated:

You will be tested at the end of the learning module using a series of questions to evaluate your understanding of the material presented.

Sexual Harassment in the Workplace

Today's Agenda

  1. What is Sexual Harassment
  2. Effects of Sexual Harassment on Victim
  3. Effects of Sexual Harassment on the Organization
  4. Examples of Sexual Harassment
  5. Sexual Harassment and the Human Rights Code
  6. How Employers Can Prevent Sexual Harassment
  7. Sexual Harassment Cases in the Workplace
  8. Quiz

What is Sexual Harassment?

  • Any "unwanted sexual behaviour"

  • Includes sexual touching, sexual jokes, sexual comments, and any other display of a sexual nature

  • Victims often find these behaviours demeaning and humiliating

Image retrieved from http://www.thebusinesswomanmedia.com/3-tips-handle-sexual-harassment-at-work/

Effects of Sexual Harassment on Victim

  • Can have negative effects on an individuals sense of dignity

  • Can prevent them from doing their job effectively and deprive them of opportunities in the organization 

Image retrieved from http://vaginachroniclespodcast.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/10/sexual-harassment-workplace.jpg

Effects of Sexual Harassment on the Organization

  • Can poison the work environment 

  • Has the potential to escalate to violent behaviour

  • Decreased productivity, low morale, increased absenteeism and potential legal expenses

Image retrieved from https://www.kamdora.com/2016/04/12/office-sexual-harassment-here-are-5-helpful-tips-to-guard-yourself/

Examples of Sexual Harassment

  • Asking for sex in exchange for a favour

  • Repeatedly asking for dates after being denied on many occasions

  • Making unnecessary physical contact 

  • Using rude or insulting language toward women or men

  • Making sexual comments about a person’s physical appearance 

  • Making sexual jokes

Image retrieved from http://money.usnews.com/money/careers/articles/2015/02/12/6-things-to-know-about-workplace-sexual-harassment

Sexual Harassment and the Human Rights Code

  • The Code states that every person has the right to be free from unwelcome advances or solicitation in employment. “Employment” includes applying and interviewing for a job, volunteer work, and internships

  • Includes workplace activities or events that happen outside of normal business hours or off business premises

Image retrieved from http://www.newyorkemploymentlawattorneys.com/what-to-do-if-being-harassed-at-work/

How Employers Can Prevent Sexual Harassment

  • Implement a clear, comprehensive anti-sexual harassment policy

  • The policy must clearly set out how the sexual harassment will be handled promptly and efficiently

  • Include the policies in orientation material

  • Implement a sexual harassment process based on 3 R's: Recognize, Report, Respond

Image retrieved from http://www.workplacerantings.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/02/eww.jpg

Sexual Harassment Cases in the Workplace



The chart to the right shows the distribution of sexual harassment cases in the workplace


Reasons Why An Employee Might Not Report a Sexual Harassment Incident

  • They feel embarrassed about incident

  • Fear they may lose their job

  • Worry nobody would believe them

  • Don't believe the employer will do anything about it

Image retrieved from http://noworkplaceviolence.com/wp-content/uploads/2012/03/Hostile-Work-Environment-Sexual-Harassment.jpg

Question #1

  • True
  • False

Read the scenario below and indicate whether this is an example of sexual harassment

An employee spreads rumours about a female coworker, and states she is only successful because she “slept her way to the top.”

Question #2

  • True
  • False

Read the scenario below and indicate whether this is an example of sexual harassment

A female supervisor makes sexual advances towards a younger male coworker. When he does not return the interest, the supervisor scrutinizes his work performance and refers to him as incompetent in front of colleagues.

Question #3

  • True
  • False

Read the scenario below and indicate whether this is an example of sexual harassment

A client of your organization comments on the physical appearance of one of your female coworkers in a way that sets her apart from male employees.

Question #4

The majority of sexual harassment cases involve a  harassing an employee.

Question #5

  • A man shows an intimate cell-phone photograph to several people in his workplace after a co-worker ends a romantic relationship with him
  • A hiring team is conducting interviews. The vice president walks by the room where candidates are waiting to be interviewed and points at a young female candidate. He says to a member of the hiring team “hire her, she’s easy on the eyes"
  • A manager offers a colleague a promotion in return for sexual favours
  • All of the above

Which of the following scenarios are examples of sexual harassment?

Conclusion

Congratulations on Completing this Learning Module!

The objective for this learning exercise was to provide you with an understanding of sexual harassment so you would be able to recognize incidences in the workplace

References

CBC News. (2014). Sexual misconduct complaints mostly ignored by employers, survey suggests. Retrieved November 18, 2016, from http://www.cbc.ca/news/canada/sexual-misconduct-complaints-mostly-ignored-by-employers-survey-suggests-1.2861142


Identifying sexual harassment. (n.d.). Retrieved November 17, 2016, from http://www.ohrc.on.ca/en/policy-preventing-sexual-and-gender-based-harassment/2-identifying-sexual-harassment 


Sexual harassment in employment (fact sheet). (n.d.). Retrieved November 17, 2016, from http://www.ohrc.on.ca/en/sexual-harassment-employment-fact-sheet 


Sexual harassment in the workplace: Canadian Labour Relations. (n.d.). Retrieved November 17, 2016, from http://www.canadianlabourrelations.com/sexual-harassment-in-the-workplace.html