Semester 2 Final Review

Semester Review

Semester 2 Final Review

1

Weak and unstable Europe lead to the rise of feudalism because Kings and lords needed to protect their lands against .

2

The lord-vassal system was based on the lord granting of land to the vassal in return for service.

3

Europe's geography contributed to the development of the manor system because its plentiful natural resources allowed manors to be

4

King Henry tried to break from the church. He tried to declare from the Pope's authority.

5

England's early parliaments gained the right to collect .

6

Early European monarchs like Charlemagne, found it helpful to build strong relations with the church because the church had great over a large number of people.

7

Later popes opposed lay investiture because it gave rulers or kings too much over the church.

8

The guaranteed the right to trial by jury but this mainly applied to the nobility.

9

The reason an independent judiciary (court system) is important is that it can limit the of the government.

10

 prevented pilgrimages to the holy land, which led to the first crusade.

 

11

The persecution of became worse as a result of the Crusades.

12

Because the church was so wealthy, it was more than the individual monarchs or kings.

13

In the middle ages, monks preserved knowledge of and ancient texts.

14

Thomas Aquinas believed that thought combined with Christian ideas could live in harmony with each other.

15

The growth of humanism in the 14th and 15th centuries was helped by because it exposed people to new ways of thinking.

16

Humanism tried to balance intellect and faith by encouraging people to do what made them .

17

Books became cheaper in the renaissance because the cost of dropped and more books could be produced.

18

Changes in the method of communication led to an easier and spread of ideas.

19

Once bibles were printed in the vernacular (peoples common language) more people could form their own of the bible.

20

Dissecting corpses helped Renaissance scientists learn more about the human anatomy.

21

The construction of huge domes on is an engineering achievement most often associated with the Renaissance.

22

One factor that contributed to the increased accuracy of maps during the Renaissance was scholars had a greater knowledge about the world.

23

Leonardo DaVinci and other Renaissance artists developed an for the human form.

24

Many Europeans were upset about paying taxes to the Church because Church didn't pay taxes on its own .

25

Many reformers criticized the Church because they felt church officials had lost sight of the true  or core beliefs. 

26

Most Lutheran countries were located around the Sea.

27

Scotland and Netherlands were primarily Christians.

28

Lutheran beliefs were strong in Europe.

29

Eramus wanted to solve the Church's problems from the Catholic Church as opposed to protesting outside the church.

30

John Calvin wanted a type of government which means he wanted Christianity to be central to the governing of citizens.

31

devoted himself to writing an English translation of the Bible.

32

Most people in South America are Catholics because and Portugal colonized South America and both  and Portugal are Catholic countries.

33

Global exploration contributed to the Scientific Revolution because exposure to previously unknown lands stirred ' desire to know more.

34

Some , who were scholars,  passed knowledge to European thinkers which contributed to the Scientific Revolution.

35

As ancient texts became more widely read by European thinkers, different opinions developed about important ideas.

36

Renaissance values affected the Scientific Revolution because the spirit of led scholars to make new discoveries.

37

The barometer measures pressure.

38

Zacharias Janssen contributed to science by inventing the enabling Leeuwenhoek to discover bacteria.

39

Galileo and Newton's discoveries were significant because they were based on observation and .

40

Thomas Aquinas thought faith and could exist in harmony.

41

Bacon urged experimentation to discover knowledge while emphasized the use of reason.

42

Scientific rationalism affected political thought helping some scholars to look for alternative forms of , like democracy.

43

was the first to sail around the Cape of Good Hope.

44

More accurate influenced the European view of the world and their perception of the earth in the 16th century.

45

Under mercantilism, provided the home country with raw materials.

46

The trade led to new business and trade practices in Europe during the 16th and 17th centuries.

47

Merchants in the 16th and 17th centuries invested in industries thereby increasing their profits.

48

The Aztecs were at constant war to capture slaves for .

49

The Maya envisioned their gods as living in the above them.

50

The common class structure of the mesoamerican Aztec-Incan-Mayan cultures was that were the most respected by each society.

51

Before the Spanish arrived in South America, the Incan empire was weakened by .

52

Both Aztecs and Incans increased their territory by making with surrounding groups.

53

It was important for the Maya to develop a religious calendar so that could make important decisions.

54

Calendar systems for Mesoamericans and Andean cultures were developed mainly for and social reasons.

55

The accuracy of the Mayan calendar was due to their invention of .

56

Montesquieu believed in a system of checks and .

57

Thomas Aquinas believe faith and could work together in harmony.

58

Philosophers during the Enlightenment believed in the rights of the .

59

John Locke's ideas about natural rights was incorporated into the .

60

Montesquieu's influence on the Constitution was his introduction of the 3 of government.