The Bubble

In France the tendency is to take English verb forms and superimpose them on the French system of les temps. Instead, we are going to do the opposite - analyze the English verb system and then superimpose the French verb forms onto the English framework. Then we will practice!

This module takes about 3-4 hours to complete.

Presentation of The Bubble

Presentation of The Bubble

Regardless of what you've been taught in school, English has only two primary verb tenses - Present and Past. We represent this with a Bubble. Everything that is inside The Bubble is Present and everything that is outside The Bubble is Past.

This is relative - ie, it depends on your perspective. If I ask my office mate whether Nicolas Sarkozy is Present or Past for her, she might say Past because he is no longer the president. But for me, Nicolas Sarkozy may be Present because I've just watched an interview with him.

Where is the Future you ask? In English, the future is not a verb tense but we will come back to that in the Future module... in the future.

The Present consists of four verb forms and the Past of four verb forms. So let's start filling The Bubble with the Present forms.

"I play" - Present Simple

We use this form for NOW in general. This includes general information and routines.

  • I'm 36 years old.
  • I come from the south of England.
  • I live in Paris and work as a business analyst.
  • I take line 6 to work every morning.

Key words: always, never, often, generally, normally, usually

"I am playing" - Present Continuous

We use this form for NOW at a specific time. This includes "right now" (at this very instant), "currently" (at the moment), so it can be a short moment or a long moment. We also use it for the future (but more about this in the future).

  • "What are you doing?" "I'm thinking of examples of the present continuous." (right now)
  • I'm reading a book about birds (currently, not this instant)

Key words: currently, right now, at the moment

 

Write three sentences about yourself in the present simple

For example:

  • I come from Los Angeles.
  • I like reading novels and thrillers.
  • I work for Softeam Cadextan.
  • I take line 6 to work.

Write three sentences about yourself in the present continuous

For example:

  • I'm thinking about where to go on vacation next year.
  • I'm currently reading a thriller by Harlan Coben.
  • I'm trying to get used to my new job.

Presentation of The Bubble

Next we have the two Present forms that we use for NOW & BEFORE NOW.

"I have been playing" - Present Perfect Continuous

We use this for activities that began before and are still true now - and we want to say how long - for 10 years, since 2006.

  • I have been working at SocGen for 4 years.
  • I have been learning English since I was 10.
  • How long have you been living in Paris?

Key words: for, since, how long?

"I have played" - Present Perfect

We use this to speak about our experience now and before now.

  • I have worked for several French banks (in my career)
  • I have learned how to program in C++ this year
  • I have lived in three different countries (in my life)
  • Have you ever studied abroad? (in your life)

Key words: ever, never, already, yet, so far, up to now, just, recently

Write three sentences about yourself in the present perfect continuous

For example:

  • I have been living in my current apartment for 15 years.
  • I have been working for AXA since 2013.
  • I have been speaking French since I was 23.
  • I have been looking for a new camera for a while (un bon moment)

Write three sentences about yourself in the present perfect

For example:

  • I have worked for 3 companies in my career - HSBC, Barclays and EDF.
  • I have been to Italy several times.
  • I have never been to Japan, China or Thailand.
  • I have never played the saxophone.

Presentation of The Bubble

There are also four Past forms but we are just going to look at two of them for now.

"I played" - Past Simple

We use this to speak about actions with a specific or finished time reference. It's about whether time is finished, not the action.

  • I worked for Credit Agricole before joining Soc Gen.
  • Last year I learned how to manage a team.
  • I lived in Luxembourg when I was a child.
  • I spent one semester in Germany in my third year of university.

Key words: last year/week, ~ years ago, when, in [2006], before, after, then

"I was playing" - Past Continuous

We use this like the present continuous but in the Past - in other words, BEFORE at a specific time.

  • I was watching Game of Thrones yesterday when you called.
  • "Where were you last Friday at 6:00pm?" "I was probably working."

Key words: at that time, at [6:00pm]

Write three sentences about yourself in the past simple

For example:

  • I was born in Hollywood in 1972.
  • I studied at UCLA from 1990-1994.
  • My first job was a sales representative for Swatch.
  • I didn't eat McDonalds when I was in London but I had really good fish 'n' chips.

Write three sentences about yourself in the past continuous

For example:

  • I was watching TV when my parents called last night.
  • I was surfing the Internet at home when I heard about the terrorist attack at the Bataclan.
  • At 7pm on Sunday I was leaving the cinema after watching Ghostbusters.

Put the verb forms into the right place in The Bubble diagram

  • He works
  • He is working
  • He has been working
  • He has worked
  • He worked
  • He was working

Presentation of The Bubble (with French)

OK, so we've got six verb forms - four Present and two Past. Now let's put the French equivalents into the model.

Does that look right?

  • I love Starbucks = J'adore le Starbucks.
  • Currently I am reading a book about Ruby on Rails = Actuellement je lis un livre de Ruby on Rails.
  • I have been living in France since 2004 = Je vis en France depuis 2004.
  • I have been to 22 countries around the world = Je suis allée à 22 pays du monde.
  • I went to China in 2014 = Je suis allée en Chine en 2014.
  • It was raining when I left the house this morning = Il pleuvait quand j'ai quitté la maison ce matin.

Wow, the 6 main English verb forms = just 3 French verb forms. I guess French doesn't have much variety in this grammar, huh? (Haha, very funny).

The reason we show you this is to help you understand the most frequent areas of confusion, if you are a French speaker. They are in yellow and green below.

Later in this course, there are two modules dedicated to the je joue vs je joue (present simple vs present continuous) and j'ai joué vs j'ai joué (present perfect vs past simple).

Below is the full Bubble diagram in all its glory. Congratulations, you've completed Part 1!

Put the French verb forms into the right place in The Bubble diagram

  • Il travaille (en général)
  • ll travaille (en ce moment)
  • ll travaille depuis
  • ll a travaillé (en général)
  • ll a travaillé (période précise)
  • ll travaillait

ING and no-ING verbs

There's just one more thing we need to talk about. Not all verbs can be used everywhere in The Bubble framework.

Most verbs can and we call these ING verbs. But there are certain verbs that we never use in the continuous or progressive forms (bottom half of The Bubble). These are called no-ING verbs (verbes d'état).

You've probably learned most of them in school and below are the most common ones. (The full list is available here).

be He is married not "He is being married"
exist This software has existed for 10 years. not "This software has been existing"
hate Julie has always hated dogs not "Julie has always been hating"
know I've known Julia for 20 years not "I've been knowing"
like I like reading detective stories not "I am liking"
love I love chocolate not "I am loving chocolate"
need I needed a taxi yesterday at 3 o'clock not "I was needing"
understand I don't understand this question not "I am not understanding"
want I want to go to the movies tonight not "I am wanting"

In addition, there are some verbs that can be both ING and no-ING verbs, depending on the context - ie, have, think.

  • I have a Twingo (no-ING)
  • I have lunch with my parents every Sunday (ING)

You could never say "I am having a Twingo" but you could say "Sorry, I can't talk right now, I'm having lunch with my parents."

  • I think that it's a good idea (no-ING)
  • When my boss yells at me, I think about quitting my job (ING)

You could never say "I am thinking that it's a good idea" but you could say "I am thinking about quitting my job, what's your opinion?"

ING or no-ING?

Decide if the verb is an ING verb or a no-ING verb.

If you would like to check the list of no-ING verbs on the previous page, right-click on the "ING and no-ING verbs" page on the left and click "Open Link in a New Tab" (Ouvrir le Lien dans un Nouvel Onglet)

  • play
    ING
  • go
    ING
  • be
    no-ING
  • exist
    no-ING
  • know
    no-ING
  • make
    ING
  • like
    no-ING
  • carry
    ING
  • try
    ING
  • think (about)
    ING
  • think (that)
    no-ING
  • have (a dog, phone, car)
    no-ING
  • have (lunch, fun, a drink, a nap)
    ING

ING and no-ING verbs, continued

Let's say you want to make a sentence with a no-ING verb - for example, "be." Your colleague is married and you want to ask him "how long?" The Bubble framework says that with "how long?" as a key word, you want to be inside The Bubble in the bottom left (present perfect continuous). But wait, the verb "be" is a no-ING verb so it cannot be used in the continuous form (ie, you cannot say "How long have you been being"). You have to go up.

This means you use the present perfect (inside The Bubble, top left) for your question - "How long have you been married?"

Congratulations! You have finished the theoretical part of The Bubble course. Now you can move on to:

  • Present Simple vs Present Continuous, if you would like to focus more on je joue vs. je joue
  • Reviewing Irregular Verbs, if you would like to refresh your memory of see-saw-seen and teach-taught-taught.
  • Present Perfect vs. Past Simple, if you would like to focus more on j'ai joué vs. j'ai joué
  • Sort the Sentences, if you want to put your Bubble knowledge to the test

Present Simple or Present Continuous?

Click on the verb in each sentence that is 'specific'

Think of the present simple as 'general' and the present continuous as 'specific.'

 

Is the verb correct or incorrect?

  • Water boils at 100 degrees Celsius
  • The water boils. Can you turn it off?
  • Look! That man tries to open the door of your car.
  • Can you hear those people? What do they talk about?
  • The moon goes round the earth in abount 27 days.
  • I must go now. It gets late.
  • I usually go to work by car.
  • "Hurry up! It's time to leave." "OK, I come."
  • Paul is never late. He is always getting to work on time.

Put the verb into the present simple or present continuous

  1. Let's go out. It right now.
  2. Julia is very good at languages. She four languages very well.
  3. Hurry up! Everybody for you.
  4. "to the radio?" "No, you can turn it off."
  5. "to the radio every day?" "No, just occasionally."
  6. The Nile River into the Mediterranean.
  7. The river very fast today - much faster than usual.
  8. "How's your English?" "Not bad, I think it slowly.
  9. Terry is in London at the moment. He at the Park Hotel. He there when he's in London.
  10. Can we stop walking soon? I to feel tired.
  11. Normally I work at 5 but this week I until six to earn a little more money.
  12. David a place to live. He with his sister until he finds somewhere.
  13. "What ?" "He's an architect, but he at the moment."

Reviewing irregular verbs

To see

  1. see

What good movies have you seen lately?

Write a complete sentence.

Lately = recently (nothing to do with "late")

To do

  1. do

How many modules have you done so far?

Write a complete sentence

So far = jusqu'à présent

To have

  1. have

How long have you had your phone?

Write a complete sentence

To teach

  1. teach

What have you taught your children how to do?

Write a complete sentence

To catch

  1. catch
  2.  
  3.  

To bring

  1. bring
  2.  
  3.  

What did you bring to the last dinner party you went to?

Write a complete sentence

To buy

  1. buy
  2.  
  3.  

Name a company that bought another company recently.

To think

  1. think
  2.  
  3.  

What did you think of Avatar when you first saw it?

Write a complete sentence

To write

  1. write
  2.  
  3.  

Tell me about the last professional email you wrote

Write a complete sentence

To ride

  1. ride
  2.  
  3.  

Have you ever ridden the subway abroad? If so, where?

Write complete sentences.

To come

  1. come
  2.  
  3.  

What time did you come to work today?

Write a complete sentence

To begin

  1. begin
  2.  
  3.  

What time did you actually begin working (after coffee, chat with colleagues, etc)?

Write a complete sentence

To drink

  1. drink
  2.  
  3.  

Have you ever opened the communal fridge and drunk someone else's beverage?

Write a complete sentence

To eat

  1. eat
  2.  
  3.  

What ethnic food have you eaten this week?

Write a complete sentence.

Ethnic food = food from any country that is not yours (cuisine du monde)

To know

  1. know
  2.  
  3.  

Who is your English teacher? How long have you known him/her?

Write a complete sentence

To break

  1. break
  2.  
  3.  

Have you ever broken a bone?

Write a complete sentence

To forget

  1. forget
  2.  
  3.  

Have you ever forgotten your wedding anniversary?

Write a complete sentence

To get

  1. get
  2.  
  3.  

Have you ever gotten sick in a foreign country?

Write a complete sentence

To read

  1. read
  2.  
  3.  

How many books have you read this year?

Write a complete sentence

To run

  1. run
  2.  
  3.  

The last time you went running, how long did you run?

Write a complete sentence

To meet

  1. meet
  2.  
  3.  

Did you meet your last deadline or did you miss it?

Write a complete sentence

To choose

  1. choose
  2.  
  3.  

How did you choose your current company? (ie, decide to work for them)

Write a complete sentence

To fall

  1. fall
  2.  
  3.  

Tell me about an embarrassing fall.

Write a complete sentence.

To feel

  1. feel
  2.  
  3.  

How did you feel when you finished your last project?

Write a complete sentence

To give

  1. give
  2.  
  3.  

Have you ever given a beggar money?

Write a complete sentence.

a beggar = a person who asks for money on the subway or in the street

To steal

  1. steal
  2.  
  3.  

Has something of yours ever been stolen?

Write a complete sentence

To sell

  1. sell
  2.  
  3.  

To tell

  1. tell
  2.  
  3.  

What did you tell your boss the last time he asked about the progress of your work?

Write a complete sentence

To build

  1. build
  2.  
  3.  

To go

  1. go
  2.  
  3.  

Tell me about your last vacation.

To keep

  1. keep
  2.  
  3.  

Have you kept copies of all your income tax returns?

Write a complete sentence.

a tax return = declaration des impots

To leave

  1. leave
  2.  
  3.  

What time did you leave work yesterday?

Write a complete sentence

To take

  1. take
  2.  
  3.  

Have you taken a break in the last two hours? Why not?

Write a complete sentence.

To wear

  1. wear
  2.  
  3.  

What did you wear yesterday?

Write a complete sentence

Sort the Sentences

On essaie de trouver une solution depuis des semaines!

Translate the sentence into English. To help you orient yourself in The Bubble, ask yourself these 4 questions:

  1. Is the verb ING or no-ING?
  2. Does the sentence begin with Ca fait? If so, transform the sentence. (Example: Ca fait deux ans que je bosse ici --> Je bosse ici depuis deux ans.)
  3. Does the sentence have depuis?
  4. Does the sentence have passé composé?

We to come up with a solution weeks.

Elle est malade depuis vendredi.

Translate the sentence into English. To help you orient yourself in The Bubble, ask yourself these 4 questions:

  1. Is the verb ING or no-ING?
  2. Does the sentence begin with Ca fait? If so, transform the sentence. (Example: Ca fait deux ans que je bosse ici --> Je bosse ici depuis deux ans.)
  3. Does the sentence have depuis?
  4. Does the sentence have passé composé?

She sick / ill  Friday.

Elle habite à Courbevoie depuis combien de temps?

Translate the sentence into English. To help you orient yourself in The Bubble, ask yourself these 4 questions:

  1. Is the verb ING or no-ING?
  2. Does the sentence begin with Ca fait? If so, transform the sentence. (Example: Ca fait deux ans que je bosse ici --> Je bosse ici depuis deux ans.)
  3. Does the sentence have depuis?
  4. Does the sentence have passé composé?

she in Courbevoie?

Tu la connais depuis combien de temps?

Translate the sentence into English. To help you orient yourself in The Bubble, ask yourself these 4 questions:

  1. Is the verb ING or no-ING?
  2. Does the sentence begin with Ca fait? If so, transform the sentence. (Example: Ca fait deux ans que je bosse ici --> Je bosse ici depuis deux ans.)
  3. Does the sentence have depuis?
  4. Does the sentence have passé composé?

you her?

Je crois qu'elle a raison.

Translate the sentence into English. To help you orient yourself in The Bubble, ask yourself these 4 questions:

  1. Is the verb ING or no-ING?
  2. Does the sentence begin with Ca fait? If so, transform the sentence. (Example: Ca fait deux ans que je bosse ici --> Je bosse ici depuis deux ans.)
  3. Does the sentence have depuis?
  4. Does the sentence have passé composé?

I that she  right.

Je ne me souviens pas, désolé.

Translate the sentence into English. To help you orient yourself in The Bubble, ask yourself these 4 questions:

  1. Is the verb ING or no-ING?
  2. Does the sentence begin with Ca fait? If so, transform the sentence. (Example: Ca fait deux ans que je bosse ici --> Je bosse ici depuis deux ans.)
  3. Does the sentence have depuis?
  4. Does the sentence have passé composé?

I , sorry.

Je suis chez BNP depuis 2006.

Translate the sentence into English. To help you orient yourself in The Bubble, ask yourself these 4 questions:

  1. Is the verb ING or no-ING?
  2. Does the sentence begin with Ca fait? If so, transform the sentence. (Example: Ca fait deux ans que je bosse ici --> Je bosse ici depuis deux ans.)
  3. Does the sentence have depuis?
  4. Does the sentence have passé composé?

I at BNP 2006.

Tu es en France depuis quand?

Translate the sentence into English. To help you orient yourself in The Bubble, ask yourself these 4 questions:

  1. Is the verb ING or no-ING?
  2. Does the sentence begin with Ca fait? If so, transform the sentence. (Example: Ca fait deux ans que je bosse ici --> Je bosse ici depuis deux ans.)
  3. Does the sentence have depuis?
  4. Does the sentence have passé composé?

you in France?

J'attends le feu vert avant de la rappeler.

Translate the sentence into English. To help you orient yourself in The Bubble, ask yourself these 4 questions:

  1. Is the verb ING or no-ING?
  2. Does the sentence begin with Ca fait? If so, transform the sentence. (Example: Ca fait deux ans que je bosse ici --> Je bosse ici depuis deux ans.)
  3. Does the sentence have depuis?
  4. Does the sentence have passé composé?

I for the green light before calling her back.

Je cherche un BT avec un API.

Translate the sentence into English. To help you orient yourself in The Bubble, ask yourself these 4 questions:

  1. Is the verb ING or no-ING?
  2. Does the sentence begin with Ca fait? If so, transform the sentence. (Example: Ca fait deux ans que je bosse ici --> Je bosse ici depuis deux ans.)
  3. Does the sentence have depuis?
  4. Does the sentence have passé composé?

I a BT (Bug Tracker) with an API (Application Programming Interface).

Ca fait 15 minutes que son telephone sonne.

Translate the sentence into English. To help you orient yourself in The Bubble, ask yourself these 4 questions:

  1. Is the verb ING or no-ING?
  2. Does the sentence begin with Ca fait? If so, transform the sentence. (Example: Ca fait deux ans que je bosse ici --> Je bosse ici depuis deux ans.)
  3. Does the sentence have depuis?
  4. Does the sentence have passé composé?

Her phone 15 minutes.

Elle attend une réponse depuis ce matin.

Translate the sentence into English. To help you orient yourself in The Bubble, ask yourself these 4 questions:

  1. Is the verb ING or no-ING?
  2. Does the sentence begin with Ca fait? If so, transform the sentence. (Example: Ca fait deux ans que je bosse ici --> Je bosse ici depuis deux ans.)
  3. Does the sentence have depuis?
  4. Does the sentence have passé composé?

She for an answer / reply / response this morning.

Je travaille au Help Desk.

Translate the sentence into English. To help you orient yourself in The Bubble, ask yourself these 4 questions:

  1. Is the verb ING or no-ING?
  2. Does the sentence begin with Ca fait? If so, transform the sentence. (Example: Ca fait deux ans que je bosse ici --> Je bosse ici depuis deux ans.)
  3. Does the sentence have depuis?
  4. Does the sentence have passé composé?

I at the Help Desk.

En ce moment, on travaille comme des fous.

Translate the sentence into English. To help you orient yourself in The Bubble, ask yourself these 4 questions:

  1. Is the verb ING or no-ING?
  2. Does the sentence begin with Ca fait? If so, transform the sentence. (Example: Ca fait deux ans que je bosse ici --> Je bosse ici depuis deux ans.)
  3. Does the sentence have depuis?
  4. Does the sentence have passé composé?

At the moment we like crazy.

Tu as assisté à la dernière formation de management?

Translate the sentence into English. To help you orient yourself in The Bubble, ask yourself these 4 questions:

  1. Is the verb ING or no-ING?
  2. Does the sentence begin with Ca fait? If so, transform the sentence. (Example: Ca fait deux ans que je bosse ici --> Je bosse ici depuis deux ans.)
  3. Does the sentence have depuis?
  4. Does the sentence have passé composé?

you the last management training?

Elle n'a jamais entendu parler de Test-Driven Development.

Translate the sentence into English. To help you orient yourself in The Bubble, ask yourself these 4 questions:

  1. Is the verb ING or no-ING?
  2. Does the sentence begin with Ca fait? If so, transform the sentence. (Example: Ca fait deux ans que je bosse ici --> Je bosse ici depuis deux ans.)
  3. Does the sentence have depuis?
  4. Does the sentence have passé composé?

She never of Test-Driven Development.

J'ai vécu dans plusieurs pays. C'est pour ça que je suis trilingue.

Translate the sentence into English. To help you orient yourself in The Bubble, ask yourself these 4 questions:

  1. Is the verb ING or no-ING?
  2. Does the sentence begin with Ca fait? If so, transform the sentence. (Example: Ca fait deux ans que je bosse ici --> Je bosse ici depuis deux ans.)
  3. Does the sentence have depuis?
  4. Does the sentence have passé composé?

I in several countries. That's why I'm fluent in three languages.

On veut le faire depuis des années mais on n'a pas eu le budget pour.

Translate the sentence into English. To help you orient yourself in The Bubble, ask yourself these 4 questions:

  1. Is the verb ING or no-ING?
  2. Does the sentence begin with Ca fait? If so, transform the sentence. (Example: Ca fait deux ans que je bosse ici --> Je bosse ici depuis deux ans.)
  3. Does the sentence have depuis?
  4. Does the sentence have passé composé?

We to do it years, but we the budget.

Depuis que je suis en France, on ne m'a jamais demandé ma pièce d'identité dans la rue.

Translate the sentence into English. To help you orient yourself in The Bubble, ask yourself these 4 questions:

  1. Is the verb ING or no-ING?
  2. Does the sentence begin with Ca fait? If so, transform the sentence. (Example: Ca fait deux ans que je bosse ici --> Je bosse ici depuis deux ans.)
  3. Does the sentence have depuis?
  4. Does the sentence have passé composé?

I in France, no one ever for my ID in the street.

Ca fait un mois que nous ne sommes pas allés le voir.

Translate the sentence into English. To help you orient yourself in The Bubble, ask yourself these 4 questions:

  1. Is the verb ING or no-ING?
  2. Does the sentence begin with Ca fait? If so, transform the sentence. (Example: Ca fait deux ans que je bosse ici --> Je bosse ici depuis deux ans.)
  3. Does the sentence have depuis?
  4. Does the sentence have passé composé?

We to see him 1 month.

Present Perfect or Past Simple?

J'ai fait or j'ai fait?

The difference between present perfect and past simple can be very tricky for French speakers because it is the same verb form in French - passé composé (j'ai fait). The difference is about time. Is the time period specific / finished OR general / unfinished? If it is general / unfinished, we consider it PRESENT and we use the present perfect. If it is specific / finished, we consider it PAST and we use the past simple.

For example:

  • Have you ever visited New York?
  • Did you visit New York during your last trip to the US?

The first is asking with the general time reference "in your life." The second is asking with the specific time reference of "during your last trip."

Take a look at the diagram below for additional keywords that help you decide which form to use for the French passé composé

Quick, do you remember which keywords were present and past?

Decide which key words are 'red' (present perfect) or 'blue' (past simple)

  • ever
    red
  • yet
    red
  • two years ago
    blue
  • in 1972
    blue
  • so far / up to now
    red
  • when
    blue
  • before
    blue
  • after
    blue
  • this week
    red
  • last week
    blue

Click on the verbs in each sentence that should be red (present perfect)

Now conjugate the verbs. Each blank may be composed of 1-3 words

(you ever go - red) to the USA? Yes, I (go - red) there several times, but the last time (be - blue) in 2001, so I can’t really tell you much about what it’s like now.

Conjugate the verbs - 2

He (live - blue) in London for two years and then (go - blue) to Edinburgh.  Now he lives in Newcastle. 

Conjugate the verbs - 3

(you wear - blue) your hair long when you were at school? – Yes, my mother (insist - blue) on it.

Conjugate the verbs - 4

When I (leave - blue) school I (cut- blue) my hair because I (be- blue) recruited in a bank.

Conjugate the verbs - 5

Shakespeare (write - blue) a lot of plays.

Conjugate the verbs - 6

My brother loves the theatre! He (write - red) several plays, but none of them (be - red) performed yet.

Conjugate the verbs - 7

I (fly - blue) over the Alps last week.  (you see - blue) any snow on the mountains?

Conjugate the verbs - 8

(you ever hear - red) of a group called Gold Rush?

Conjugate the verbs - 9

He (not smoke - red) for two weeks.  He is trying to give up.

Conjugate the verbs - 10

When (they arrive - blue)?

They (arrive - blue) at 2 o’ clock.

Conjugate the verbs - 11

I (read - blue) a book by Dickens when I was at school.  I (enjoy - blue) it so much that I (read- blue) it twice!

Been and Gone

There's just one important exception that we need to talk about - the verb "go" when it is RED. Do you remember this sentence from the previous exercise?

  • (you ever go) to the USA?

The answer was "Have you ever been" and not "Have you ever gone." You may find this strange because in school you learn that the 3 forms of "go" are go-went-gone. In fact the 3rd form of "go" is "been" or "gone" depending on how it's used.

  • I have been to Tokyo three times.
  • Where is Terry? Oh, he has gone to LA.

Do you see the difference?

In the second sentence, Terry is not here. He is in LA. He has gone and he is still there. In the first sentence, the speaker is here. He has gone and come back.

  • I have been to Tokyo three times.

 

  • Where is Terry? Oh, he has gone to LA.

 

Choose 'been' or 'gone'

1. Jim is on holiday. He's to Italy.

2. Hello! I've just to the shops. I've bought lots of things.

3. Alice isn't here at the moment. She's to the shop to get a newspaper.

4. Tom has out. He'll be back in about an hour.

5. "Are you going to the bank?"

"No, I've already to the bank."

6. He's on holiday at the moment. He has to Spain.

7. "Where is Joan?"

"She's not here. I think she has to the doctor."

8. "Hi Fred, where have you ?"

9. Have you ever to Mexico?

10. My parents aren't home this evening. They have out.

11. London is a wonderful city. I have there many times.

12. Mohamed was here earlier but I think he has now.