PART B: THE DRAWINGS

Sheet Checklists for Construction Documents

Introduction

These sheet checklists are only intended as guides and cannot cover all situations for all projects.  It is incumbent upon the project team tochecklist.gif ensure that the documents are clear, correct, complete, and concise. Below are general "rules of thumb" for creating a consistent set of construction documents followed by the sheet checklists.

1.   Consistency:  Show like views at the same scale within the drawings set.

a.   Floor plans:  Same scale throughout set. Ex.:  Never show a 1/4 inch Floor Plan and a 1/8 inch Roof plan in the same drawing set.

b.   Exterior elevations:  Same scale throughout set.

c.   Interior elevations:  Same scale throughout set.

d.   Detail or large scale plans:  Same scale throughout set.

e.   Details; the exception; however, limit to two scales within a set.

2.   Indicated or shown = The material / product is both illustrated AND labeled with a generic term or a keynote reference symbol.

3.   Poche: This term refers to a graphic fill between outline lines.  The etymology is French and means a solid black shading; however, common American usage has evolved to mean any light graphic symbol between the lines.  The word is used in this checklist in the latter interpretation.

4.   Abbreviations:  The most effective way to determine which terms should be abbreviated is to not abbreviate!  Although the Uniform Drawing System includes a Module that contains several thousand standard abbreviations, they do not have to be used.  The use of abbreviations assumes that the constructor knows the definitions.  To be clear – write it out. The exceptions are the few generally accepted abbreviations that appear on the general sheet, G-001.

5.   Connecting:  Materials or products must be securely attached to each other.  While this is often a specifications topic, it is equally often a drawings topic. Adhesives; glues; fasteners such as nails, screws, and bolts; anchors; dowels; grouts; mortars; rivets; welds (metallic and plastic); solders; to list a few; are really the critical components of building construction.  Carefully coordinate whether a connection is in the specifications or on the drawings but it must be in/on one of them and it should not be in/on both of them.  Say or show it once.

6.   Completeness:  For each and every object, product, material, item, or assembly, apply the following three criteria:

a.   Illustration: Is it depicted accurately so that the view reads clearly?

b.   Identification: Is it labeled with a generic term (the one used in the specifications) or a keynote symbol so that it is identified or described?

c.   Location: Is it placed by written dimensions so that it can be positioned correctly?

8.   Typical:  For views that depict assemblies that occur in several locations, include the term "Typical" in the view title.  This commits the constructors to provide that assembly in every location in which the situation is encountered.

9.   Drawing Mark-Up Tracking:  When entering changes, additions, or deletions that have been illustrated in a red-lined paper copy of a sheet, highlight each red item with an appropriate contrasting color immediately after the change, addition, or deletion is entered into the file.  Mark each as it is done – do NOT wait until an entire sheet is completed to mark the changes, additions, or deletions.  This effort is intended to be a tool for the drafter to ensure that all of the changes, additions, and deletions actually are properly entered.