Atrial Fibrillation

Overview of Atrial Fibrillation 

Introduction to Atrial Fibrillation and Stroke

What is Atrial Fibrillation and it's risk?

What happens during atrial fibrillation? 

  • Atrial Fibrillation or A fib is an irregular heart beat
  • Top half of the heart beats very fast
  • Because of this, the heart doesn’t pump blood like normal

Risk of Atrial Fibrillation

Risk of Atrial Fibrillation

Risk of Atrial Fibrillation 

  • When the heart doesn't beat right, blood pools in the heart
  • This leads to increased chance that a blood clot can form in the heart
  • This blood clot can move through the body up to the brain
  • The clot gets stuck and blocks blood from getting to the brain, causing a stroke.

How do we lower risk?

What can we do to decrease the chance of stroke? 

  • We can use a medication to decrease blood clot formation 
  • These medications are called anticoagulants or "blood thinners" 
  • Using this medication can decrease your risk of stroke by 60%

Stroke

Signs of a Stroke

FAST 

  • The easiest way to remember these is the acronym FAST 
  • If you notice any of these problems, go to the hospital immediately. 

Knowledge Check

What does your heart do when you have atrial fibrillation?

  • Heart beats too slowly
  • Heart beats too quickly
  • Heart beats slowly then quickly

What are the risks associated with Atrial Fibrillation?

  • Heart attack
  • Cancer
  • Blood clot in leg
  • Stroke

What are the signs of a stroke? (Please select all that apply)

  • Slurred speech
  • Leg pain
  • Chest pain
  • Unable to smile on both sides of face
  • Stomach pain
  • One sided arm weakness