Minor Open Wounds: Best Practices for First Aid Care

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THINK of a time you've fallen and scraped your knee or elbow, what do you do?
We all know rubbing alcohol hurts, but is it effective?

The purpose of this mini-lesson is to inform you of the best practices for taking care of minor open wounds.

Learning Objectives

By the end of this mini-lesson, you will be able to:

  1. Recall best practices for first aid care of small open wounds
  2. Identify common misconceptions in first aid care

Pre-Training Excercises

Most of us have applied alcohol or hydrogen peroxide to small open wounds because our mothers or someone very involved in how we were raised told us to. Let's begin with a quick question to see if we practicing best first aid care by doing this.

What should we first clean an open wound with?

  • soap and water
  • Alcohol
  • Hydrogen Peroxide

What did Aunt Lucy say about keeping wounds covered? ( Please answer BOTH statements before pressing submit)

  • We should keep scrapes or wounds covered
  • Scrapes and wounds need to be aired out always

Bring on the band-aids!

We are supposed to rip off bandages  

First Aid Care: Let's get to the Basics

Minor Open Wound Care - Part 1: Is it going to sting?

Description: http://live.easygenerator.com/storage/image/d3f2f236-50e2-4432-b8be-0d0beb63a6dc.jpgBelieve it or not, applying cool running water and mild soap is the best way to clean an open wound. 

You have to rinse the wound for at least five minutes to remove dirt, debris, and bacteria.

After you've washed your wound properly, remember to keep it moist!

Keeping wounds moist:

  1. Speeds up healing
  2. Prevents bandages from sticking

A thin layer of antibiotic ointment prevents infection on a clean wound as well.

Minor Open Wound Care - Part 2: Look at my bloody scabs!

Description: http://live.easygenerator.com/storage/image/870cea36-362a-4300-b6cf-d7e3b3b848fe.jpgFirst and foremost, you should clean your wound before putting on a band-aid or bandage.

Now, take a look at all the potential benefits of bandages on wounds:

  • Protect the area from rubbing against clothing, dirt, and bacteria so wound heals faster
  • Reduce the risk of infection
  • Help hold the edges of a cut together (apply adhesive strips across the width of the wound, not lengthwise)




We should keep our wounds 

Minor Open Wound Care - Part 3: Ripping off the bandage!

If you are wondering why it's better to peel off the bandage slowly and gently, it's because ripping a bandage off too quickly risks pulling off the scab or reopening the wound

Here are some tips to remove bandages stuck to your scab:

1.   Soak in warm water to soften scab

2.   Gradually pull bandage in same direction as hair growth (this avoids tearing  hair around wound)



Are You Ready to Take Proper Care of Those Minor Open Wounds?

Check your understanding

The best way to clean minor open wounds is with .  We should keep our wounds moist to  healing and  bandages from sticking to wounds or scabs.  By keeping our wounds , we are helping  it from our clothing and bacteria; thus  risk of infection. Finally, if we DON'T take our bandages slowly and gently, we pulling up the scab, or  the wound.

Thanks for the time to complete this mini-lesson!