CNA State Board Exam (Simulated Exam 6)

Welcome to the CNA Practice Test for Basic Nursing Skills!

As you prepare for your career as a Certified Nursing Assistant, you are learning both the information and the skills that will keep your patients comfortable and safe. Because you have the opportunity to spend the most time with patients, you will often recognize and report subtle changes in their conditions that other team members wouldn’t notice. These observations will make a difference in patient outcomes.

Basic Nursing Skills are the heart of all nursing care. These skills will help your patients throughout your entire career. offers a variety of Basic Nursing Skills practice tests to help you prepare for your state’s written CNA examination. While each state can have slightly different requirements for the exam, you can expect that most of the questions will involve some aspect of basic care.

CNA State Board Exam (Simulated Exam 6)

When giving an enema to a person you ask the person to lie on _______.

  • their abdomen
  • their left side
  • their right side
  • their back

Some common causes of constipation include all of the following EXCEPT

  • getting older
  • decreased fluid intake
  • being active
  • medication

The surgical creation of an artificial opening of the large intestine is called _______.

  • a colostomy
  • a gastronomy
  • a colectomy
  • a pouch

A normal adult blood pressure is

  • 134/90
  • 116/70
  • 180/80
  • 80/40

The admission process includes all EXCEPT

  • Completing an admission checklist
  • weighing and measuring the person
  • orientating the person to the room, nursing unit and facility
  • completing a physical assessment by the CNA

A fracture-type bedpan is used for residents who

  • have a back injury
  • are in traction
  • have had hip surgery
  • all of the above

One of the differences between an RN and a CNA is that only the RN can ________.

  • report abnormalities
  • write the patient record
  • give medication
  • provide patient care

What body system provides framework for the body and allows the body to move?

  • Musculoskeletal
  • endocrine
  • nervous
  • integumentary

The nutrient used to build and repair tissue is

  • fats
  • vitamins
  • protein
  • carbohydrates

Which is the best way to prevent joint and muscle damage?

  • active and passive exercises
  • coughing and deep breathing q 2 hours
  • drinking 1000cc fluids each day
  • moving as little as possible to avoid injury

The proper way to identify a patient is to

  • ask the roommate to verify the patient
  • call the patient by their name
  • refer to the patient's chart
  • check the patient's wristband

All of the following are signs of approaching death EXCEPT

  • circulation increase
  • breathing is labored
  • cold extremeties
  • low blood pressure

The proper temperature for a soapsuds enema is

  • 115°F
  • 105°F
  • 98.6°F
  • 84°F

The nurse aide enters a client’s room, and the client states that he has pain. What should the nurse aide do?

  • help the client to get out of bed and move around
  • report it to the nurse in charge
  • turn on the television to distract the client
  • tell the client that the pain will go away soon

When the valves in the legs weaken it can result in

  • cerebral vascular accident
  • varicose veins
  • myocardial infarction
  • heart failure

Which statement best describes ADL's

  • driving a car, shopping, cooking meals
  • watching TV, sleeping, playing games
  • Bathing, feeding, dressing, ambulation
  • going to work, having good relationships

Which function is NOT done by the circulatory system?

  • transmitting electrical pulses from the brain
  • transporting nutrients to the cells of the body
  • delivering oxygenated blood throughout the body
  • removing waste products from the cells

The physician ordered Mrs. Jones “to receive physical therapy QOD”. That means that she will go ________.

  • every other day
  • every day
  • every four hours
  • four times a day

When heat is applied to the skin, the blood vessels _______.

  • constrict
  • narrow
  • dilate
  • remain the same

As death nears, the last sense to leave the body is

  • taste
  • sight
  • smell
  • hearing

When making a bed, ________.

  • raise the bed to the level of your hips
  • raise the bed 12 inches
  • do not raise the bed
  • raise the bed to the level of your waist

Edema means

  • decreased appetite
  • swelling
  • increased appetite
  • dehydration

The RN, LPN, and CNA are members of the

  • ancillary team
  • nursing team
  • primary team
  • medical team

If a nurse aide needs to wear a gown to care for a patient in isolation, the nurse aide should

  • leave the gown untied to take it off quicly
  • remove the gown in the dirty utility room
  • take the gown off before leaving the patient's room
  • wear the same gown to care for the next patient

Mrs. Jones is an insulin-dependent diabetic. What task should not be done for Mrs. Jones?

  • ambulating with a gait belt
  • feeding with a plastic spoon
  • clipping toe nails
  • bathing in warm water

The case manager for a client requiring home health care is usually done by

  • a registered nurse
  • a physician
  • a nutritionist
  • a home health aide

Your client has been placed on I & O. This means that you should

  • record all the fluid intake and output
  • measure the first voiding each morning
  • keep track of the solid foods the client eats
  • keep the patient NPO

When nursing assistants find equipment in need of repair, they should

  • continue to use the item until it is replaced
  • wait for the safety inspection
  • fill out an incident report
  • report it to the appropriate personnel

The period of heart muscle contraction is called

  • fibrillation
  • infarction
  • diastole
  • systole

The CNA can do all of these to assist a patient for discharge EXCEPT

  • help the person change into street clothes
  • explain the discharge orders to the patient
  • help pack the belongings
  • transport the person out of the facility

Rheumatoid arthritis may

  • cause deformities
  • cause pain and muscle spasms
  • have periods of remmision
  • all of the above

Which of the following is recorded as the systolic blood pressure?

  • the point when the pulse is no longer felt
  • the point where the first sound is heard
  • the point mm Hg above where the pulse was felt
  • the point where the last sound is heard

While providing denture care for a client, the nurse aide observes that the upper plate is cracked. The nurse aide should

  • notify the client's dentist
  • report the damage to the nurse in charge
  • clean the dentures and return them to the client's mouth
  • call the client's family for a replacement

The patient just voided 400cc of cloudy yellow urine that has a strong smell. The patient also complains of pain while urinating. What should you report to the nurse?

  • color, amount, and color
  • color, clarity, amount, odor, and pain
  • color and amount
  • record it in the patient's chart for the nurse to read

The medical abbreviation for “before meals” is

  • ac
  • bm
  • pc
  • npo

A restraint should always be tied to the

  • side rail
  • mattress
  • bed frame
  • bedside table

When muscles atrophy, they become

  • larger
  • hardened
  • stretched
  • smaller

A sodium-restricted diet for heart disease does NOT include

  • pickles and olives
  • carrots an bananas
  • fish an potatoes
  • hamburger and pears

Continual oozing or diarrhea may be a symptom of

  • increased dietary fiber
  • bowel obstruction
  • fecal incontinence
  • hemorrhoids

A major risk factor for a stroke is

  • hypotension
  • overuse of vitamins
  • being underweight
  • hypertension

The branch of medicine concerned with the problems and diseases of the elderly is called _______.

  • orthopedics
  • pediatrics
  • obstetrics
  • geriatrics

Pulses can be taken

  • only if the pulse rate is above 80 beats per minute
  • for 15 seconds and then multiply by 4, if irregular
  • on the inside of the wrist at the base of the thumb
  • only with a stethoscope

A warning sign of cancer is

  • a change in bowel or bladder habits
  • a sore that does not heal
  • an obvious change in a want or mole
  • all of the above

The medical abbreviation for “three times a day” is

  • tid
  • qid
  • qd
  • bid

The first sign of a decubitis ulcer is

  • mottled and cold skin
  • redness and warmth
  • white and insensitive skin
  • tender broken skin

When making an occupied bed, the nurse aide should always

  • put the dirty sheets on the floor
  • raise the side rail on the unattended side
  • lower both side rails before changing the sheets
  • keep the bed at the lowest level for patients safety

A resident has a slow heart rate; less than 60 beats per minute. The nurse tells you she is having

  • Bradycardia
  • Tachypnea
  • Bradypnea
  • tachycardia

Which of the following foods is allowed in a clear liquid diet?

  • jello
  • tomato juice
  • milkshake
  • pudding

When preparing a new patient's room, the CNA should collect

  • a patient pack and gown
  • a stethoscope and sphygmomanometer
  • an admission checklist and scale
  • all of the above

An apical pulse is counted for _______.

  • 15 seconds, then multiplied by 4
  • 1 full minute
  • as long as it takes to hear a regular beat
  • 30 seconds, then multiplied by 2