CBRNE (Chemical, Biological, Radiological, Nuclear, and high yield Explosives)  Training

Welcome to "CBRNE(Chemical, Biological, Radiological, Nuclear, and high yield Explosives)  Training"!

Incidents that involve the deliberate release, of chemical, biological, radioactive or nuclear substances, with the intention of causing harm in relation to criminal or terrorist attacks. Explosive devices are now considered part of the threat.

Would you know what to do if there is a CBRNE Incident ?  Are you ready to decontaminate or neutralize the area ? Take the time now to review the course and you will get the basics of CBRNE.

 

Activating the Plan

Activation Powers

The Senior Nurse or Consultant of the ED will activate this plan on:

  •  Receiving a warning from an emergency service, local industrial site, or other source, of an incident, release or explosion.
  • The unannounced presentation of a number of casualties, small or large, with an unusual illness or symptoms.
  • The presentation of a patient after exposure and who may be contaminated as a result, to a substance that may be harmful.
  • A combination of the above.

Choose the most appropriate answer

In case of  a CBRNE incident you required to initially follow these three steps in the following order:  

 

 

Match the designation with an appropriate role

  • Incident Commander
    CBR Management
  • Technical Specialists
    Radiation Safety Officer and Engineer
  • Operational Personnel
    Those who undertake receiver actions and conduct decontamination
  • Hazard awareness
    All employees

Dangerous substances covered by the COMAH Regulations include:

There are six substances that are covered by the COMAH (Control of Major Accident Hazards) Regulations:

  1. Ammonium nitrate
  2. Oxygen
  3. Hydrogen
  4. Formaldehyde
  5. Halogens
  6. Petroleum products

  • Ammonium nitrate, oxygen, hydrogen, formaldehyde, halogens and petroleum products
  • Methane, oxygen, hydrogen, formaldehyde, halogens and petroleum products
  • Ammonium nitrate, oxygen, Carbon Monoxide, formaldehyde, halogens and petroleum products
  • Methamphetamine, oxygen, hydrogen, Carbon dioxide halogens and petroleum products

Contamination

Contamination Incident Flow Chart

Decontamination hand signals

Decide if the following statements are true or false

  • Some of the chemicals that could be used in a weapon can stay on victims’ skin or clothing for many hours, and touching them without proper protective equipment can make you ill.
  • Chemicals that could be used in a weapon all smell bad, so you will be able to tell if they are present and you are being exposed.
  • People exposed to certain biological agents may not become ill until many days later.
  • Persons contaminated with radioactive particles usually feel a burning sensation on their skin.
  • Victims contaminated in a chemical or biological attack should be brought into patient care areas at once for treatment.
  • Waste water used in decontaminating patients is contaminated, and might make you sick if it gets on your skin or clothing.
  • Following any chemical, biological, or radiation attack, all victims will be decontaminated before arriving at medical care facilities.
  • Standard latex medical gloves provide adequate protection for disposing of waste contaminated by a chemical weapon agent.
  • Chemical, biological, and radiation attacks are crimes, and victims’ clothing should be saved because it may be used as evidence.
  • Each medical care facility has a plan in place so that employees can work together effectively if there is a natural or man-made disaster.

Which of the following signals mean "Yes or Functional".

Congratulations!

You've completed a course on CBRNE. Hopefully, now you have a better understanding of all procedures.