Nursing Chemistry Module 2: Sections 1-4

Module 2: Section 1 focuses on the recognition, naming, synthesis and reactions of the organic family known as saturated hydrocarbons, including alkanes, substituted alkanes and cycloalkanes.

Module 2: Section 1 Saturated hydrocarbons

Review and study these Power Point Lecture slides to help answer the upcoming questions. The lecture slides are very animated and should be downloaded and viewed in "Slide Show" to get the most benefit from them.

Module 2 Section 1 Read only

1.  Place the correct combining power to element(s).

  • 2
  • 3
  • 4
  • 1

2. Place the family name to its general structure.

  • Alkane
  • Alkene
  • Alkyne
  • Aromatic
  • Aldehyde
  • Ketone
  • Carboxylic acid

3. Place the family name to its general structure.

  • Ester
  • Amide
  • Ether
  • Alkyl halide
  • Amine
  • Alcohol

4. Place the title to its structure or formula

  • Expanded molecular formula
  • Molecular formula
  • Expanded structural formula
  • Line structure

5.  Place the name to its expanded molecular formula.

  • Methane
  • Propane
  • Ethane
  • Butane
  • Pentane
  • Hexane
  • Heptane

6.  How many secondary carbons are found in 2-methylbutane?

  • 1
  • 2
  • 3
  • 4
  • 5

7. Place the name to the alkyl group.

  • Methyl
  • Ethyl
  • Propyl
  • isopropyl

8.  Constitutional isomers.

Select all that are NOT correct names of constitutional isomer of C7H16?

  • 2,3-dimethylpentane
  • 2,2,3-trimethylbutane
  • 1-isopropylbutane
  • 2,2-dimethylpentane
  • 1,3-dimethylpentane
  • 2,4-dimethylpentane
  • pentane
  • 1,2,3-trimethylbutane

9. Which of the following is an isomer of the molecule shown below?

  • A
  • B
  • C
  • D

9. Drop a pin on 3-isopropylpentane , 2,2-dimethylhexane and 1-ethyl-2,2,5,5-tetramethylcyclopentane

10.  The carbon skeleton of an alkane is shown below. How many hydrogen atoms are bonded to the carbon marked with a *?

  • 1
  • 2
  • 3
  • 4
  • cannot determine

11.  All of the following are representations of the same molecule except ________.

  • A
  • B
  • C
  • D

12. Which of the following line structures are of the same compound?

  • I and II only
  • II and IV only
  • I and III only
  • I and IV only
  • All of these

13. The carbon atom marked with * is a ________ carbon atom.

  • Primary carbon
  • Secondary carbon
  • Tertiary carbon
  • Quatenary carbon
  • Carbocation

14. What is the IUPAC name of the compound shown?

  • 2-ethyl-3,5-dimethylhexane
  • 3,5-dimethyl-2-ethylhexane
  • 2,4,5-trimethylheptane
  • 3,4,6-trimethylheptane
  • 5-ethyl-2,4-dimethylhexane

15. Mono-chlorination of pentane leads to formation of how many different products?

  • 3
  • 4
  • 5
  • 2
  • 1

16. What is the IUPAC name of the molecule shown?

  • dimethylcyclobutane
  • cyclohexane
  • 1,2-dimethylcyclobutane
  • 1,1-dimethylcyclobutane
  • 2,2-dimethylcyclobutane

17. A correct name for the following compound is ________.

  • 1-bromo-3-ethyl-1-methylcyclopropane
  • 1-bromo-2-ethyl-1-methylcyclopropane
  • 1-bromo-1-ethyl-2-methylcyclopropane
  • 2-bromo-1-ethyl-1-methylcyclopropane
  • 1-bromo-3-ethyl-3-methylcyclopropane

18. Select all products formed from the mono-chlorination of 2-methylhexane.

  • 1-chloro-2-methylhexane
  • 2-chloro-2-methylhexane
  • 5-chloro-5-methylhexane
  • 3-chloro-2-methylhexane
  • 4-chloro-2-methylhexane
  • 2-chloro-5-methylhexane
  • 6-chloro-2-methylhexane
  • 1-chloro-5-methylhexane

19. Drop a pin on trans-1,3-dichlorocyclopentane.

20. Alkanes are ________ in water ________ than water.

  • insoluble, less dense
  • soluble, less dense
  • insoluble, more dense
  • soluble, more dense

Module 2: Section 2 Unsaturated hydrocarbons

Review and study these Power Point Lecture slides to help answer the upcoming questions. The lecture slides are very animated and should be downloaded and viewed in "Slide Show" to get the most benefit from them.

Module 2 Section 2 Read only

1.  Place the name to the expanded molecular formula.

  • 2-butene
  • 6-ethyl-3-heptene
  • 3-methylpentane
  • 1-heptene

2.  Structural isomers

Drop a pin on all isomers of C7H14

3. Select the image representing trans-2-butene.

4. Select all molecules below that can exist as cis/trans isomers.

  • 2-methyl-2-pentene
  • 4-methyl-2-pentene
  • 2-methyl-1-pentene
  • 3,4-diethyl-3-hexene
  • 3-methyl-3-hexene

5.  Complete the following reaction and give the major organic product formed.

  • 2,4-dibromo-8,8-dimethyldecane
  • 4-bromo-8,8-dimethyldecane
  • 7-bromo-3,3-dimethyldecane
  • 1,2,4-tribromo-8,8-dimethyldecane
  • 3,3-dimethyl-7-bromodecane

6. Which structure represents 1,6-octadiene?

  • A
  • B
  • C
  • D
  • E

7.  How many hydrogen atoms are contained in a molecule of 1,4-hexadiene?

  • 6
  • 10
  • 12
  • 14
  • 18

8. What is the IUPAC name of the molecule shown?

  • 3-methyl-6-heptene
  • 5-methyl-1-heptene
  • 2-ethyl-5-hexene
  • octene
  • 5-ethyl-1-hexene

9. What is the IUPAC name of the molecule shown?

  • 2-methyl-3-methyl-2-hexene
  • dimethylhexene
  • 2,3-dimethyl-2-hexene
  • octene
  • 1,1,2-trimethyl-1-pentene

10.  Give the IUPAC name for the following molecule.

  • trans-3-chloro-2-pentene.
  • trans-3-chloro-3-pentene.
  • cis-3-chloro-2-pentene
  • monochloro-2-cis-pentene.

11. Which molecule can have cis-trans isomers?

  • A
  • B
  • C
  • D
  • E

12.  What is the IUPAC name of the compound shown?

  • trans-4,6-dimethyl-2-heptene
  • cis-4,6-dimethyl-2-heptene
  • trans-2-nonene
  • trans-2,4-dimethyl-5-heptene
  • cis-2-nonene

13.  The bond angle about a carbon atom involved in a double bond is

  • 90°
  • 105°
  • 109.5°
  • 120°
  • 180°

14.  Chemical reactions involving double bonds are generally referred to as ________ reactions.

  • substitution
  • oxidation
  • addition
  • reduction
  • combustion

15.  Which reactant should be used to convert propene to 2-chloropropane?

  • A
  • B
  • C
  • D
  • E

16.  Complete the following reaction and select the major product.

  • A
  • B
  • C
  • D
  • E

17.  Complete the following reaction and select the major product.

18.  The following is compound is called.

  • meta-xylene.
  • para-xylene.
  • phenol.
  • toluene.
  • aniline.

19. Place the name to its structure.

  • Chlorobenzene
  • Toluene
  • Benzoic acid
  • Phenol
  • Isopropyl benzene
  • Nitro benzene

20.  Give the name of the following compound.

  • o-ethylphenol
  • m-ethylphenol
  • p-ethylphenol
  • m-ethylbenzene

Module 2: Section 3 Compounds with Oxygen

Review and study these Power Point Lecture slides to help answer the upcoming questions. The lecture slides are very animated and should be downloaded and viewed in "Slide Show" to get the most benefit from them.

Module 2 Section 3 Read only

1.  Compounds with the -OH group attached to a saturated alkane are known as

  • alkyl halides
  • phenols
  • alcohols
  • ethers
  • hydroxyls

2.  Drop a pin on the ether.

3. Place the names to their proper place in the table.

  • Isopropyl alcohol
  • 2-propanol
  • 1-Butanol
  • n-Butyl alcohol
  • Methyl alcohol
  • Methanol
  • n-Propyl alcohol
  • 1-Propanol
  • Ethyl alcohol
  • Ethanol

4.  What is the IUPAC name of the compound shown?

  • 2-isohexanol
  • 2-methyl-4-pentanol
  • 4,4-dimethyl-2-butanol
  • 4-methyl-2-pentanol
  • 2,2-dimethyl-4-butanol

5.  What is the IUPAC name of the compound shown?

  • 4,4-diethyl-1-butanol
  • 3-ethyl-1-hexanol
  • 4-ethyl-1-hexanol
  • 3-ethyl-6-hexanol
  • isooctanol

6.  Select the secondary alcohols.

  • isopropyl alcohol
  • 2-methyl-2-butanol
  • methanol
  • n-propyl alcohol
  • 3-pentanol

7.  What is the IUPAC name of the compound shown?

  • butanetriol
  • 1,3,4-butanetriol
  • 1,2,4-butanetriol
  • 2-hydroxy-1,4-butanediol
  • butylene glycol

8.  Drop a pin on the primary alcohol.

9.  How many isomers of alcohols exists with a formula with 4 carbons 10 hydrogens and 1 oxygen.

  • 1
  • 2
  • 3
  • 4
  • 5
  • 6

10.  The high boiling point of alcohols in relation to their molecular weights is the result of

  • covalent bonding.
  • hydrogen bonding.
  • ionic bonding.
  • London forces.
  • dipolar forces.

11.  Drop a pin on the molecule with the lowest boiling point.

12.  The product of dehydration of an alcohol is a(n).

  • Primary alcohol
  • Aldehyde
  • Ketone
  • Alkene
  • Alkane

13.  The major product from the dehydration of 2-pentanol is.

  • 1-pentanal
  • 2-pentanal
  • 1-pentene
  • 2-pentene
  • 2-pentanone

14.  Which reaction would produce 3-methyl-2-butanol?

  • dehydration of 2-methyl-1-butene
  • hydration of 2-methyl-1-1butene
  • hydration of 3-methyl-1-butene
  • dehydration of butanol and butene
  • oxidation of 3-methyl-1-butanol

15.  What is the IUPAC name of the compound shown?

  • propylmethylether
  • propoxymethane
  • 1-methoxypropane
  • 2-methoxypropane
  • methylpropylether

16.  What is the IUPAC name of the following compound?

  • 2-ethoxy propane
  • 2-methoxy propane
  • ethyl methyl ether
  • diethyl ether
  • isopropoxy methane

17.  Dehydration of an alcohol in the presence of an acid at temperatures around 180 degrees will form which of the following?

  • Aldehyde
  • Ketone
  • Alkene
  • Ether
  • carboxylic acids

18.  Dehydration of an alcohol in the presence of an acid at temperatures around 140 degrees will form which of the following?

  • Alkene
  • Aldehyde
  • Ketone
  • Ether
  • Carboxylic acid

19.  Select all that form when methanol and isopropyl alcohol are heated together at 140 degrees in the presence of  a strong acid.

  • dimethyl ether
  • ethylmethyl ether
  • 2-methoxy propane
  • 2-isopropxy propane
  • diisopropyl ether
  • methylpropyl ether

20.  Select the minor product formed when 3-methyl-2-butanol is heated to 180 degrees and in the presence of an acid.

  • 2-butoxy butane
  • 3-methyl-2-butene
  • 3-butoxy-3-methylbutane
  • 3-methyl-1-butene
  • 3-methoxybutane

Module 3: Section 4 Aldehydes and Ketones

Review and study these Power Point Lecture slides to help answer the upcoming questions. The lecture slides are very animated and should be downloaded and viewed in "Slide Show" to get the most benefit from them.

Module 2 Section 4 read only

1.  Which type of compound does not contain a carbonyl group?

  • aldehyde
  • ether
  • carboxylic acid
  • ester
  • ketone

2.  Select all that are true regarding the following compound.

  • Its an aldehyde
  • common name is ethylmethyl aldehyde
  • its a ketone
  • contains the carbonyl group
  • common name is ethylmethyl ketone
  • IUPAC name is butanal
  • IUPAC name is 2-butanone

3. Place the family name to its structure.

  • Ketone
  • Aldehyde
  • Carboxylic acid
  • Ester
  • Amide

4. What is the IIUPAC name for the molecule shown?

  • methyl propyl ketone
  • propyl methyl ketone
  • ethyl methyl acetone
  • 3-hexanone
  • 4-hexanone

5. Drop a pin on propanal and ethylmethyl ketone

6.  Select the IUPAC name for  the molecule shown.

  • 2-methylbutanal
  • B) 3-methyl-1-butanol
  • isopentanal
  • 3-methyl-1-butanone
  • 3-methylbutanal

7.  Select the IUPAC name for the molecule shown.

  • 4-heptanone
  • 3-heptanone
  • 5-methyl-4-hexanone
  • 2-methyl-3-hexanone
  • isopropyl n-propyl ketone

8. Place the family to its general molecular formula.

  • Alkane
  • Alkene
  • Alcohol or ether
  • Aldehyde or Ketone

9.  Oxidation of an aldehyde produces a(n)

  • Ketone
  • primary alcohol.
  • secondary alcohol.
  • tertiary alcohol.
  • carboxylic acid

10.  Oxidation of a ketone produces

  • a carboxylic acid.
  • A primary alcohol.
  • A secondary alcohol.
  • An aldehyde.
  • No reaction.

11.  Reduction of an aldehyde produces a

  • carboxylic acid.
  • primary alcohol.
  • secondary alcohol.
  • tertiary alcohol.
  • ketone.

12.  What is the product of reduction of butanal?

  • butane
  • 2-butanol
  • butanoic acid
  • 1-butanol
  • no reaction

13.  What is the product of the reduction of 3-methyl-2-pentanone?

  • 3-methyl-2-pentanol
  • 2-methyl-3-pentanol
  • 3-methyl-2-pentanal
  • 3-methyl-2-pentene
  • no reaction

14.  Place the family on the graph according to its relative  boiling point

  • Alcohols
  • aldehydes and ketones
  • ethers
  • alkanes and alkenes

15. Which compound could be oxidized to make the molecule shown?

  • 2-pentanone
  • 3-methyl-4-butanone
  • 3-methyl-2-butanol
  • 3-methylpentanal
  • 3-methyl-2-pentanol