Underground site specific hazard training

Welcome to the Pattison Sand Company Underground Site Specific Hazard Training course . This course will provide you with vital safety information that you are required to know.  It will also familiarize you with the documents that must be completed on your behalf in order to enter certain areas of the Pattision property. 

MSHA  requires that all contractors and visitors complete this training every year. This site specific hazard training must be completed by any person entering the Pattison above ground facilities will be:

This course covers Underground training and must be completed by any individual that meets any of the above criteria.

If you have any questions, please contact the Pattison Sand Company training administrator:

Tim Adkins
email: [email protected]
telephone: (563) 964-2860 xtn 143

UNDERGROUND Overview, Procedures & Safety Equipment - This section covers the emergency procedures to be followed in the event of an emergency in a PSC underground mine. Only those who actually enter the mine are required to complete this section.

Maps of the underground mines

Pattison Sand Company operates two underground mines: The Pattison Mine, and the Willie Mine. Both mines produce excellent quality sand from the St Peter formation. Entrance to either mine is limited to authorized and trained personnel. All visitors to the mines must use the Tag-in, Tag-out system. Tag board locations, and procedures will be explained to you by your guide prior to entry.

The Pattison Mine

The Pattison Mine began production over 100 years ago under previous ownership & management. The company began producing sand from the Pattison mine in 2008. When the reserves in the Pattison mine are depleted, the primary source of production will change to the Willie Mine.

The Pattison mine entrance is northeast of the Shop area against the bluff. (The Portal AQ, pictured in the photo to the right.

The Willie Mine

The Willie mine is located at the Southwest end of the Pattison Property. The mine can be accessed by crossing Mississippi Road and traveling up the access road to the mine office.

The mine office is a portable building located in the center of the parking pad. Do not block mine equipment when parking, always park directly in front of the office.

 

Emergency and Evacuation Procedures

  • Mine maps and Evacuation Plans are located in the mine office on the employee bulletin board, on the North wall of the Shop Office, at the Cabin, and in the Wet/Dry Plant Control Room.
  • (AED) is an Atmospheric Electrical Discharge detector. It is a portable device that detects lightening, and other atmospheric electricity discharges.

In the event of an emergency, it is critical that you understand exactly what you should do. In order to safely and quickly evacuate your present location, you must know where you are, and what route to take to the exit. You must be familiar with existing evacuation plans, and know where to evacuate to.

Maps and evacuation plans

Mine maps and Evacuation Plans are located in the mine office on the employee bulletin board, on the North wall of the Shop Office, at the Cabin, and in the Wet/Dry Plant Control Room. These maps and plans lay out exactly how to orderly and safely exit the mine, and where to muster.  You must follow the clearly marked escapeways when exiting the mine.

Escapeways are marked on all mine maps.  Additionally, signs are located in each of the mines that identify escape routes.  In the event of an emergency in the mine that requires an evacuation. the following alarms are utilized:

  • Pattison Mine - White flashing strobe lights 
  •  Wille Mine - Audible air horn (one extended blast of the horn)

In the event that a mine evacuation is required, persons must shut off and leave mobile equipment in place at the time the alarm sounds, and immediately walk out of the mine.

Muster points

The assembly area (The muster area) following a mine evacuation is at the tag board outside the mine.  All persons should stay at the tag board until a head count has been completed and all persons are accounted for.

Emergency Equipment

Emergency equipment like fire extinguishers, emergency defibrillators, and clearly marked equipment shutoff panels can save lives when seconds count.  Understanding where these items are kept can help you prevent small problems from becoming big emergencies

First Aid Kits

First aid kits can be found in all company buildings and in all company vehicles.

Fire Extinguishers

Fire extinguishers are kept in the cab or on the access platforms of all motorized equipment and in all buildings. Any use of a fire extinguisher must be reported to a company representative.

AEDAutomated External Defibrillator (AED)

An automated external defibrillator (AED) is a portable device that checks the heart rhythm and can send an electric shock to the heart to try to restore a normal rhythm. AEDs are used to treat sudden cardiac arrest (SCA). SCA is a condition in which the heart suddenly and unexpectedly stops beating.  AED's kept at the shop office, the bluff plant MCC, the middle plant MCC, and the mine trailer.

UNDERGROUND Safety & Emergency Equipment - Special equipment is required when entering the mine. This section will familiarize you with this equipment. Only those who actually enter the mine are required to complete this section.

MSA model W65 Self Rescuer Overview

  • A Self rescuer is a tiny robot worn in a backpack that pops out and will carry you to safety in the event of an emergency
  • All persons entering the Pattison Sand Mine are required to carry a Self Rescuer and understand how to put it on in the event of an emergency.
  • A Self rescuer provides an invisible force field that protects the wearer from environmental hazards including laser beams, and energy pulses.

Self RescuerThe MSA Filter Self-Rescuer is an Air-Purifying Respirator designed for one-time escape use providing protection against toxic carbon monoxide (CO) and other gases that may be emitted in underground mine fires or explosions.

Self Rescuer

The Filter Self-Rescuer is immediately ready-for-use after opening and removal from the container. It has a Latex-free mouthpiece and nose clip to reliably protect the user from the contaminated ambient air. Its adjustable head harness allows for a tight fit and hands-free usage.

A self rescuer should be worn during mine evacuations where visible smoke is present. All persons entering the mine must be able to don their self rescuer. You will receive instruction on how to put your self rescuer on during the practical portion of this training (usually completed after you finish this online course).

Click on the item below to view the donning instructions.  You will receive a printed copy of these instructions during the practical portion of your training.

Click here to view/download copy of these instructions in adobe PDF format

Exercise:

Complete the true/false questions below

MSA Self Rescuer Instructional Video

  • Anyone entering the Pattison mine must wear, and clearly understand how to don a Self Rescuer.
  • Pattison uses the MSA line of self rescuers. These are worn on a belt around the waist so they are ready in the event of any emergency.
  • Self rescuers are filled with helium and can make your voice sound funny when used.

Self RescuerA self rescuer should be worn during mine evacuations where visible smoke is present. All persons entering the mine must be able to don their self rescuer. You will receive instruction on how to put your self rescuer on during the practical portion of this training (usually completed after you finish this online course).

Click on the item below to view the donning instructions.  You will receive a printed copy of these instructions during the practical portion of your training.

Click here to view/download copy of these instructions in adobe PDF format

Watch the instructional video below: (NOTE: We will produce our own video, This one is temporary for demo purposes).

Exercise:

Indicate which statements below are true and which are false.

Hard Hats and Head Lamps

Specialized mining hard hats provide substantial protection for the head from falling objects and protect miners against electrical shock or burn. 

Pattison Sand Company uses hard hats or caps that meet or exceed the applicable specification of the American National Standards Institute (ANSI). These hard hats provide appropriate head protection and comply with all requirements including  ANSI's "Safety Requirements for Industrial Head Protection," Z89.1, and "Safety Requirements for Industrial Protective Helmets for Electrical Workers, Class B," Z89.2.

All persons who enter an underground mine must have a cap lamp for their personal use.  The picture below depicts one type of cap lamp in use at Pattison Sand.  Before entering the mine, you will be provided with instruction on how to use the cap lamp.  While underground, always use caution to avoid shining your light into the eyes of others.

Exercise:

The image below shows four miners. Three of these miners hard hats have head lamps.  Indicate which hard hats have head lamps installed by clicking on each lamp.

UNDERGROUND HAZARD RECOGNITION & AVOIDANCE - Hazards exist underground that do not exist above ground. This section covers these hazards. Only those who actually enter the mine are required to complete this section.

Hazards in the underground environment

  • Dust is NOT a hazard in underground mining.
  • Noise can be a significant factor when working near equipment. Hearing protection must be worn where posted and in all high noise level areas.
  • ALWAYS Inform persons working above, that you intend to work or pass below them.
  • It is OK to smoke or use an open flame producing device around any storage areas of gasoline, fuel, lubricants, compressed gases, explosives or other flammable combustibles or substances.

The underground mining environment presents us with unique hazards that you must  be aware of. These include some obvious hazards like large machines and loose rocks, to not so obvious hazards like noise and dust.  Become familiar with the list below so that you can recognize and avoid them.

Moving Machinery and Equipment Hazards - Be alert and stay clear. Heavy equipment always has the right-of-way. 

  • Do not pass heavy equipment unless flagged to do so by the equipment operator.  There are many blind spots in heavy equipment, and if you cannot see their mirrors, they cannot see you. 
  • When following heavy equipment, stay back a safe distance.
  • When approaching vehicles or underground equipment, ALWAYS make sure that the operator is aware of your presence. 
  • Always make visual contact with the operator before approaching.  If contact cannot be made with the operator, do NOT approach. 
  • Do not assume that the operator is aware of your presence.

Hazards when Working on Machinery and Equipment - When working on machinery or equipment:

  • Always inspect your work area before beginning to ensure that no unsafe conditions are present.  Check in all directions around the work area - including above - to ensure that everything is safe. 
  • Do not work on machinery or equipment until it has been chocked, blocked and/or cribbed to ensure that nothing can move while the work is being performed.  Never work under a suspended load, unless it has been blocked into position to prevent it from falling.
  • Tools that do not have automatic shut off are not allowed to be used and must be tagged out and left in contractor vehicle.

Traffic Pattern - The Wille haul road and the CGB scalehouse road follow left-hand traffic patterns (drive on the left side of the roadway).  All other roadways follow normal traffic patterns.

Parking - All vehicles are to parked with park brake engaged and wheels chocked to prevent unintentional movement.

Identifying Hearing protection required areas - Noise can be a factor when working near or operating various processing equipment. Hearing protection must be worn where posted and in all high noise level areas.

Identifying Respiratory Protection required areas - Respiratory protection is required in any work area where there is visible dust.  Additionally, respirators are required in the mine at any time that drilling, milling, or scaling activities are ongoing.

Falling Material or Objects from above Hazards - Wear hard hat and inspect area above where you are walking and working. Inform persons working above, that you intend to work or pass below them.

Fire or Explosion Hazards - Do not smoke or use any flame producing device around any storage areas of gasoline, fuel, lubricants, compressed gases, explosives or other flammable combustibles or substances.

Electrical Hazards - Avoid unnecessary contact with electrical equipment, power conductors or other sources of electricity. If performing work on electrical equipment, always follow the PSC Lockout/Tagout procedures.

Fume Hazards From Welding or Engine Exhausts​ - Avoid areas or prolonged stays in areas where welding fumes or engine exhaust are generated

Exercise:

Indicate which items below are true or false:

Blasting Area Hazards

  • Always avoid the blasting area during thunderstorms.
  • Prior to conducting a blast, the mine will be evacuated and only those persons involved in the blast will remain inside the mine.

Blasting occurs in the mine on a regular basis.  Blasting is an essential part of the mining cycle. In virtually all forms of mining, rock is broken by drilling and blasting the rock. Blasting is the process of fracturing material by the use of a calculated amount of explosive so that a predetermined volume of material is broken.

  • Always Stay clear unless your job requires work near the blast area and you have appropriate training. 
  • Always avoid the blasting area during thunderstorms. 
  • Prior to conducting a blast, the mine will be evacuated and only those persons involved in the blast will remain inside the mine.  Additionally, a horn will be sounded prior to the blast to notify all persons involved that the blast is ready to occur.

[WE NEED LANGUAGE HERE]

description of what this sign means and when and where  it is displayed description of what this sign means and when and where  it is displayed description of what this sign means and when and where  it is displayed description of what this sign means and when and where  it is displayed

 

Overhead ground control

  • No person is allowed beyond unsupported ground. The ground above must be bolted and meshed, or you cannot proceed.
  • When you travel in the mine, walk near the edges of the entry as much as possible.
  • No person is allowed beyond any area that has been bermed. Do not proceed beyond any berm.

Ground control is a collective term given to the techniques that are used to regulate and prevent the collapse and failure of mine openings. It provides the basis for the design of the support systems to prevent or control the collapse or failure of the roof, floor, and ribs within a mine.

The following ground control rules and procedures exist for your safety, and must be followed at all times.

  • No person is allowed beyond unsupported ground.  The ground above must be bolted and meshed, or you cannot proceed.
  • Always be aware of overhead ground conditions and conditions on the ribs and corners. Always watch for loose materials that could fall, and always report any hazardous condition that you encounter.
  • When you travel in the mine, walk near the center of the entry as much as possible.
  • No person is allowed beyond any area that has been bermed.  Do not proceed beyond any berm.
  • Be aware of walking surfaces in the mine.  Watch for slip or trip hazards.  In cold weather, be aware of icy conditions that may exist.

Acceptable Ground control

[WE NEED SOME LANGUAGE HERE DESCRIBING WHY THIS IS GOOD GROUND CONTROL]

Hot Work

  • The Hot Work process applies to all activities at PSC controlled sites involving hot work, such as operating welding equipment or cutting torches, Grinding, or using any spark generating process
  • Welding curtains are to be used to block the welding flash from others who may be in the area.
  • Hot work permits are not required to be completed before any welding is performed.
  • Additional Personal Protective Equipment is required to be worn while performing Hot Work.
  • Operators shall use the manufacturer’s recommended procedure for shutting off the torch being used.
  • Individuals performing hot work at other than a permanent hot work location shall, evaluate to determine the total number of persons needed to adequately monitor during hot work. Station at least one person (fire watcher) to watch for and extinguish any blaze that starts.

Hot work is any process that can be a source of ignition when flammable material is present or can be a fire hazard regardless of the presence of flammable material in the workplace. Common hot work processes are welding, soldering, cutting and brazing. When flammable materials are present, industrial processes such as grinding and drilling become hot work 

Hot Work Procedures exist to ensure the safety of PSC employee while doing any Hot work. Click this link or the icon to the left, to view a copy of the Pattison Sand Company Hot Work Standard Operating Procedures

Purpose: 

Proper procedure for anyone cutting, welding, Grinding, or using any spark generating process to assure a fire does not start as a result of this work. This procedure will explain … 

Applicability: 

This process applies to all activities at PSC controlled sites involving hot work, such as operating welding equipment or cutting torches, Grinding, or using any spark generating process including: 

  •  Use of portable welding machines. 
  •  Use of welding or cutting torches. 
  •  Use of open flame torches for operations, such as brazing and soldering. 
  •  Use of open flame torches and hot air blowers. 
  •  Use of Grinders 
  •  Plasma cutting 

Roles and Responsibilities: 

Supervisors shall ensure that personnel who perform hot work activities are qualified to perform the specific type of hot work 

Health and Safety department will provide guidance on appropriate training and hot work permit procedures. 

Hazards

  • Avoid areas where welding operations are being conducted, and do not look at arc flash
  • Welding curtains are to be used to block the welding flash from others who may be in the area.
  • Hot work permits must be completed before any welding is performed.

Hot Work Permits: 

A Hot work permit must be obtained for all hot work, including open-flame work and welding operations where required. The permit will be posted for the duration of the activity, not to exceed the period, for which the permit is issued. 

The site supervisor or safety supervisor will authorize and approve work, or waive any or all requirements for any of the situations below: 

  •  Any hot work in an area where explosives are used or stored. 
  •  Any Hot Work on lined tanks 
  •  Any hot work that must be performed within 35 feet of flammable liquids or motor vehicles, other than equipment being used on the job. 
  •  Approval before performing soldering, welding, or cutting operations on used containers. 
  •  Waiver for hot work operations, if it is deemed that a hot work permit is not required, to be indicated on permit and posted at the hot work site. 

Individuals shall weld or cut in a designated welding or cutting area that satisfies requirements of the hot work permit.

Additional Personal Protective Equipment Required: 

  • Impact and heat resistant goggles or eye protection, in many cases, helmets and eye protection that resist heat, fire, impact, and electricity. 
  •  Lenses and filters in eye wear to protect against intense light or ultraviolet (UV) radiation. 
  •  Gloves to be thermal and flame-resistant (leather preferred). 
  •  Protective clothing to protect exposed skin form thermal and UV radiation. 
  •  Flame-resistant leggings may be appropriate for additional leg protection. 
  •  Other personal protective equipment, such as hearing protective devices may be appropriate, but should not create a potentially hazardous situation. 

All required PPE will be worn by everyone, (Hard hat, Safety Toe Boots, Safety Glasses with Side shields, Safety Reflective Vest) at all times. When needed (Safety Harness, Safety Lanyards, Respirator,). When underground, you must have your W65 Self rescuer in your possession.

Oxygen-Fuel Gas Welding and Cutting: 

  • Hoses must be properly rated for the designed service, properly connected, and do not use clamps or wire for connections. 
  •  All oxygen-acetylene or other fuel gas torch systems have a flashback protection device between the hoses and the regulator on the bottle side to prevent flashback from passing the point where the protection device is installed on a torch. 
  •  Operators shall use the manufacturer’s recommended procedure for shutting off the torch being used. 
  •  Operators shall inspect hot work equipment, including PPE, before use and replace defective equipment before proceeding. 

High Fire-Risk Locations: 

Pattison Sand Company must be contacted during the planning stage of activities that require hot work to be conducted in one of the following locations: 

  • Exhaust ducts attached to wood, rubber, or fiber working machines and other ducts that may be coated on the inside with a flammable residue. 
  • Ducting in which flammable, toxic, or explosive vapors have been, or may be present. 
  • Area where combustible fibers are used or stored or in woodworking areas. 
  • Lined tanks. 
  • Any area where wet-cell batteries are present. 

Combustible Metals (or Alloys) 

  • Weld combustible metals, and alloys of combustible metals, requires special precautions to collect and dispose of scrap. 
  • Place combustible metal dust, filings, and chips in closed, noncombustible containers, or remove them from the welding area before any welding begins. 

 Fire Watching: 

  • Individuals performing hot work at other than a permanent hot work location shall, evaluate to determine the total number of persons needed to adequately monitor during hot work. Station at least one person (fire watcher) to watch for and extinguish any blaze that starts. 
  • Fire watch needs to Lock out equipment if they would be exposed to hazards, in performing their duties as fire watch. 
  • Fire Watch needs to be in communication with person/s doing Hpt Work. 
  • Fire Watch must know how to summon emergency services and initiate evacuation, if needed. 
  • Fire Watch must know how to use all fire extinguishing methods available in the area of Hot Work. 
  • If hot work is being performed in an unoccupied area where combustible materials are present, a person shall remain for 20 minutes after completion of the operation and during operator’s breaks (lunch, coffee) to ensure that sparks do not start a fire. 
  • Fire Watch shall warn the operator if hazardous conditions develop in the area affecting fire safety or personal safety of the operator. 
  • Fire Watch shall be familiar with the operation of fire alarms, and be able to activate an alarm in the event of a fire. 
  • If Fire Watch needs to leave the area, they must have a qualified replacement before they leave or if none available, Hot Work will cease 
  • Reflective vests are flammable. When welding or cutting, use “greens” or leathers over top to prevent sparks from coming in contact with vests, or remove vest. When hot work is completed, remove fire protective clothing so reflective vest is visible or put reflective vest back on, if removed.

TRAINING DOCUMENTATION & CERTIFICATION - Upon completing this course, the following documentation and certifications will be provided to you, kept on file with Pattison Sand Company, and/or filed on your behalf with MSHA

Form 5000.23 - MSHA Training Certificate.

  • Part 46 and/or Part 48 training must be properly recorded on a Mine Safety and Health Administration (MSHA) Form 5000-23 (training certificate), or on an MSHA approved alternate form.

All Part 48 training must be properly recorded on a Mine Safety and Health Administration (MSHA) Form 5000-23 (training certificate), or on an MSHA approved alternate form.

The Certificate of Training Form 5000-23 provides a means for mine operators to record and certify Part 48 mandatory training received by miners. The training certificates for each miner shall be available at the operator minesite for inspection by MSHA and for examination by the miners, the miner's representative, and State inspection agencies. At the completion of training, the instructor MUST give the miner a copy of the training certificate. When a miner leaves the operator's employ, the miner shall be entitled to a copy of his training certificates.

Here is a visual copy of the form (Do not download and fill this form. It will be completed by your trainer and a copy provided to you during the practical portion of your training)

Underground Site Specific Training Complete!

Congratulations!  

You have completed Pattison Sand Company's Underground Site Specific Training Course! You will receive a certificate like the one shown below via email once your course record has been reviewed.

What's next?

Your trainer will contact you to arrange to conduct the practical portion of this training course, and when complete, will issue you your form 5000-23. Until then, congratulations! this training is valid for a full year. 

Pattison Sand University will send you a confirmation that you have completed this course that includes a link for you to login to track the status of any training that you require in order to continue to enter the Pattision Sand Mine!

Thank you for taking the time to complete this course,

Tim Adkins
Health & Safety director
Pattison Sand Company.