FH-Ref-Infinitive vs. Gerund

Welcome to the course "Infinitive vs. Gerund"!

You are not sure which verbs are followed by ing and to? Pass the course and you'll get it.

Verbs with Infinitive and Gerund

Intro

video 1

 

Infinitives - 1

Using an infinitive suggests that you are talking about future or potential activities or experiences.  We use infinitives:

1. After verbs that generally refer to a future event:

afford decide help offer seem
agree deserve hope order swear
aim demand intend plan threaten
arrange expect learn pretend wait
attempt fail manage promise want
choose happen need refuse would like

Example: She threatened to quit if she didn't get a raise.

Infinitives - 2

We use infinitives

2. After certain adjectives:

  • be disappointed
  • be glad
  • be happy
  • be pleased 
  • be proud
  1. I'm pleased to meet you.
  2. I'm disappointed to hear that you flunked maths.
  3. I'm proud to be a student at hof university.

Infinitives - 3

We use infinitives ...

3. After "too" & "enough":

  • too difficult

 

  • easy enough
  1. It's too difficult to convince him to be helpful.
  2. But it's easy enough to fool him to get what you want.

start gerund

Just click all gerunds in this mini-dialogue.

video 2

Gerunds - 1

We use gerunds:

1. After some verbs that refer to real-time activities:

admit delay forgive practise consider
advise discuss imagine prevent finish
allow enjoy keep recall permit
appreciate explain mention recommend suggest
avoid fancy mind report can't help
be worth fear miss resist feel like

Example: He misses playing with his friends.

Gerunds - 2

We use gerunds ...

2. aftercertain  prepositions:

  • aim at
  • keep on
  • interested in    
  • instead of
  • good at
  • before
  • after
  1. I am interested in collecting stamps.
  2. After playing football I drank an orange juice.
  3. She is vey good at speaking English.
  4. He watched the football match instead of

Gerunds - 3

We use gerunds ...

3. after certain expressions:

  • It's no use ...
  • It's no good ...
  • There's no point in ...
  • I can't help...
  • I don't mind...
  • I can't stand/bear...

1. It's no use convincing him to meet her.

2. There is no point in arguing with her, she never gives in.

3. I can't stand having to queue at bus stopps.

gerund or infinitive

video 3

 

Verbs followed by gerunds or infinitives with no change in meaning

Verbs followed by a gerund or infinitive with no change in meaning:

Example:

  • begin
  • can’t bear
  • can’t stand
  • continue
  • hate
  • like
  • love
  • prefer
  • propose
  • start

It started raining.

It started to rain.

 

I hate swimming.

I hate to swim.

 

He continues working.

He continues to work.

 

Verbs followed by gerunds or infinitives with a change in meaning

Verbs followed by a gerund or infinitive with a change in meaning:

Forget

1. He forgot opening the window

 

 

2. He forgot to open the window

He opened the window, but he forgot about that.

 

He was supposed to open the window, but he forgot.

Regret

1. She regrets quitting her job.

 

 

2. She regrets to quit her job.

She left her job, and now she regrets it.

 

She still works but she is sorry to quit her job.

Stop

1. He stopped chatting.

 

 

 

2. He stopped to chat.

He was chatting, and then he stopped.

 

 

He was doing something else, and then he stopped in order to chat.

Remember

1. I remembered locking the storage.

 

2. I remembered to lock the storage.

I had a memory in my mind of locking the storage.

I locked the storage as I should have.

Try

1. They tried moving to Australia.

 

 

 

2. They tried to move to Australia.

They moved to Australia for some time to see if it works out for them.

 

They made an attempt to move to Australia, but it wasn't successful. They didn't move to Australia after all.

Infinitive or Gerund? Fill in the right form of the verbs in brackets.

1. You fear   (sell) your house.

2. We are always happy  (help).

3. We are dedicated to   (change) how things work.

4. We can't afford  (bowl) tomorrow night.

5. We are really excited about  (climb) that mountain.

Choose the best option.

I enjoy ________ to get up so early in the morning. Sleeping longer is great!

  • not to have
  • not having
  • having
  • not have

To be or not to be? Being or not being?

Drag verbs used with gerunds or infinitives to the corresponding field in alphabetic order.

  • Enjoy
  • Accuse of
  • Want
  • Seem
  • Agree
  • Promise
  • Deny
  • Worry about
  • Hope
  • Can't help

Choose the best options.

She quit ____________ about ____________ unemployed and decided ____________ her own business.

  • complaining
  • to complain
  • to be
  • being
  • to set up
  • setting up

Gerund or infinitive? Fill in the right form of the verbs in brackets.

1. He promised  his chores.

2. I need  with you.

3. I advised her   some soup.

4. He is responsible for  all the buildings.

5. They avoid  us.

 

Click on the correct verbs.

As you have seen there are some verbs that can be followed by a gerund or infinitive.

Now click those which can go with both but with a change in meaning.

Match the parts of the sentences.

  • She suggested
    taking the train as the traffic was terrible.
  • I find it difficult
    to remember new words.
  • They accused him of
    stealing money.
  • I am going to the party, so I need
    to buy a new dress.
  • She was worried about
    failing the exam.

Mark the sentences as correct or incorrect.

  • Some people prefer getting up early in the morning.
  • I look forward to help you paint the house.
  • She suggested to go to a movie.
  • Sandra decided studying economics in London.
  • I don't know what I want to do tonight.
  • Jim doesn't feel like going to a party tonight.

The End

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