Level 2 Health and Safety

A simple course to improve health and safety awareness

Course aims and objectives

Module Guide

Module 1

Introduction to health and safety at work

Module 2

Accidents, ill health, slips and trips

Module 3

Health and safety law and risk assessment

Module 4

Hazardous substances, personal protective equipment and workplace welfare

Module 5

Vehicles, fire safety and first aid

Module 6

Equipment, electricity and occupational health

Module 7

Noise, workstation design, manual handling and working at height


Module 1-Introduction to health and safety at work

Introduction

Health and safety is important for the following reasons

Moral

Legal

Financial

Why is Health and Safety important?

Please tick all that apply

  • Moral
  • Legal
  • Financial
  • Efficiency
  • Compatibility

Health and safety policy questions

  • An employer must have a health and safety policy if they have more than 5 employees
  • Employee's should carry out risk assessments
  • The Police can enforce health and safety law

Module 2-Accidents, ill health, slips and trips

Accidents and ill health

Accidents and ill health

In 2013/2014 there were:

133 fatalities

18,877 major injuries

58,176 injuries causing over 7 days absence

28.2 million days lost due to work related injury/ill health

Accident triangle

Heinrich model for accidents

As shown in the triangle to the left, for every major injury, there are 29 minor injuries and 300 near misses.

Slips and trips

Slips and trips

Slips and trips are one of the highest causes of work related accidents, commonly caused by:

Poor lighting

Unorganized work spaces 

Fooling around/lack of concentration

Module 3-Health and safety law and risk assessment

Health and safety law

Health and Safety law

Under the health and safety at work act, we all have a duty of care to follow.

Employers must: 

provide a safe working environment for all

risk assess the site and provide adequate training for staff

have a health and safety policy (for more than 5 employees)

have an incident reporting structure

The law can be enforced by the local Environmental Health Department or the Health and Safety Executive (HSE)

RIDDOR

Reporting incidents

Everyone has an obligation to record and report all incidents no matter how minor.

For specific incidents the enforcing authority must be notified.

Risk assessment

Risk assessment

There are 5 key principles of risk assessment should which identify, calculate and reduce the risk of an incident causing harm:

1. Identify the hazard.

2. Identify who could be harmed.

3. Consider existing precautions (if any)

4. Record findings.

5. Review as necessary.


Which two bodies enforce health and safety law?

  • HSE and NHS
  • Environmental Health and Police
  • HSE and Environmental Health
  • NHS and Police

Which is one of the most common causes of workplace incidents?

  • Slips and trips
  • Walking in single file
  • Buying coffee

The accident pyramid states that for every major accident there are...

The accident pyramid states that for every major accident there are  minor injuries and around  reported near misses.

Module 4-Hazardous substances, personal protective equipment and workplace welfare

Hazardous substances

Hazardous substances

There are 5 main types of hazardous substances. These are :

Fumes and smoke

Dust

Liquids

Gases

Micro-organisms

How hazardous substances be harmful

Harmful substances.

Any one of the above could be fatal if not recognized immediately.

Identify warning signs

Warning signs

From 2015 all substances should be labelled as in the top right of this screen. The universal approach should help make it clear what the substance is and how it should be handled.

COSHH

Responsibilities

Employers have a responsibility to risk assess any product under the COSHH guidelines.

Any protective equipment provided must be used and any user guidelines must be followed.

Training programs must be followed and recorded for audit purposes. 

Personal protective equipment

Personal protective equipment.

Any protective equipment provided for a task must be worn. They are provided to protect the user form harm. Any training required for the task at hand, must be completed and recorded.

Employers must provide suitable, adequate and maintained equipment.

Employees must only use the personal protective equipment for the task it was designed for.

Workplace welfare

We all have a duty of welfare.

Employers are responsible for providing a safe environment to work in.

Employees are responsible for working safely within that environment. 

Notifications and signs

Warning and notification signs.

4 main categories, each has a different colour:

Red - Prohibition

Blue - Mandatory

Yellow - Warning

Green - Safety information

Substances

One of the main reasons for COSHH regulations are to  in the workplace.

Which of the following is a duty on the employer with regards to personal protective equipment

  • To provide suitable personal protective equipment
  • To maintain personal protective equipment
  • To replace personal protective equipment annually
  • To provide information and training

Which of the following must an employer provide

  • Smoking facilities
  • Free hot drinks
  • Toilet facilities
  • A vending machine

Module 5-Vehicles, fire and first aid

Vehicles

Vehicle risks

The most common accidents involving vehicles at work include:

People being hit by vehicles

People falling from vehicles

Objects falling from vehicles onto people

Vehicles toppling over


Fire

Fire prevention

A fire needs 3 elements

Oxygen - This is approx 20% of the atmosphere

Fuel - Such as paper, wood or flammable substances

Heat - There has to be an initial source to ignite the flame

Fire fighting

Different fire signs

Information should be clearly identifiable as a guidance or a warning. Learn the difference between extinguishers and prevention methods

Fire safety

Training

Only trained people should attempt to control a fire and even then only at no risk to themselves

Which of the following is NOT a common cause of accidents at work involving vehicles

  • People hit by vehicles
  • People falling from vehicles
  • Vehicles toppling over
  • Vehicles running out of fuel

Only trained staff

Only staff should attempt to put out . This should only be attempted when it is to do so.

The 3 elements of the fire triangle are oxygen, fuel and ...

  • Nitrogen
  • Heat/ignition
  • Flammable substances
  • Carbon dioxide