Welcome to RED Onion e-learning!

If you read this text, it means that you are about to start an adventure far from your home, as an EVS volunteer of the RED Onion project. Are you excited? :-)

We created this online learning course for you to better prepare and live through the adventure and we truly hope that you will enjoy being a user!

1st Challenge: welcome!!


Welcome to RED Onion e-learning!

If you read this text, it means that you are about to start an adventure far from your home, as an EVS volunteer of the RED Onion project. Are you excited? :-) We created this online learning course for you to better prepare and live through the adventure and we truly hope that you will enjoy being a user!

It is easy as pie...just follow the instructions and share your ideas with your fellow volunteers! In this Task 0 all you need to do is watching a short video and have a small reading.

Why is EVS good for you and for others? Watch the video to understand!


Task 1: Why RED Onion has the word "ONION" in the title?

  • Because onion makes people cry and we are going to miss you when you are abroad
  • Because it is an acronym: Organisations Network for International co-OperatioN
  • Because we are working on different “layers” of the organisations in the project
  • Because the project smells bad just as the onion

Task 2: Who are we?

Hello, I am... - Introduce yourself

Write a short introduction about yourself and about your motivation to go to EVS to your country of destination, no more than a paragraph! Mention something that only few people know about you :)

Task 3: How many EVS volunteer is going to travel abroad in our RED onion project?

  • 8
  • 7
  • 10
  • 4

Task 4: Do you like puzzles? Try this!

  • Mentor
  • RED Onion
    Name of our project
  • Volunteer

Task 5: What is the order in EVS?

Put the actions in order

Start with the first activity on top and the last one will be on the bottom of the page. 

  • Take part in the introduction training course in Bali
  • Travel to the country of destination
  • Start working in the EVS project
  • Talk with your mentor about the monthly report - mentor meeting
  • Fill in monthly report
  • Coming home
  • Writing report and blogpost about your experiences in EVS

Task 6: Make a list of minimum 6 things you would like to learn / do during your EVS

Task 7: What is the one thing you don’t want to do? Something that you want to do differently during your EVS time abroad than you do usually in your everyday life?

Task 8: What is the main purpose of EVS?

  • One of the most important purpose of EVS is doing meaningful work for society while learning from an intercultural experience.
  • One of the most important purpose of EVS is gaining work experience abroad.

2nd Challenge: Welcome to VIETNAM

Task 1: Let's learn some Vietnamese.

How to you say 'Hello' in Vietnamese?

  • 1. Xin Chào
  • 2. Chào
  • 3. Tạm Biệt
  • Options 1 and 3

Task 2: Choose the correct sentences.

  • Street food in Vietnam is very expensive
  • Vietnamese Traditional food is Phở
  • Vietnam doesn’t have many kinds of fruits
  • Vietnamese people eat Phở on the New Year

Task 3: Public transportation

What do you need to keep in mind when taking a bus in Vietnam? (more than one are correct)

  • Keep your bag and personal belongings safe
  • Keep quiet
  • Sit in the first sit available

Task 4 : Language

What is/are Vietnam's official language(s)?

  • English
  • Chinese
  • Vietnamese
  • Vietnamese & English
  • Vietnamese & Chinese

Task 5: Vietman's borders

Vietnam is located on the eastern margin of the Indochinese peninsula and occupies about 331,211.6 square kilometers. The S-shaped country has a north-to-south distance of 1,650 kilometers and is about 50 kilometers wide at the narrowest point. In its borders, there's the Gulf of Tonkin to the east, the pacific ocen to the south,  to the north, the Gulf of Thailand,  and  to the west. 

Task 6: What is “Hồ Chí Minh”? (more than one are correct)

  • A. The name of a city
  • B. The name of a song
  • C. The name of a president
  • D. The name of a poem

Task 7: Vietnam's flag

Vietnam's flag color is mostly red. There is a shape which is just at the center of the flag, it is yellow. What is the shape?

Task 8: Vietnam's lakes

What is the name of this famous lake in Hanoi with the tower in the middle?

  • Hoàn Kiếm lake
  • Ba Bể Lake
  • Thác Bà Lake
  • Hồ đại lải

2nd Challenge: Welcome to HUNGARY

Task 1: Basics of Hungary

Hi there!

A warm welcome to Hungary and to your project as well. Here we hope to help you get to know this amazing city by challenging you to a couple of fun activities. 

Before you start, follow We Love Budapest Group on FB or visit for further tips and recommendations about what to do/see/eat/experience around Bp at any time of the year. 

Which one is the Hungarian Flag?

Task 2: Tipical things in Hungary

Which of the below are typical in Hungary?

(tip: 10 of them are correct)

  • Pálinka
  • Paprika
  • Rubic cube
  • Cheese and wine
  • Tokaji wine
  • Tejföl
  • Dunakavics
  • Erős Pista
  • Island of Freedom
  • VOLT Festival
  • Carl's Bridge
  • Chain Bridge

Task 3: Sightseeing

Swing Out Budapest

Watch the video and try to visit as many of the included places as you can!

Upload photos of the places you visited to your project's group.

Task 4: Gellért Hill

Go to Gellért Hill and name the philosophers! Also, find out what the sculpture stands for.

Go up to the Garden of Philosophers, enjoy the sights and find out more about the sculpture. Better with friends and a bottle of wine ;)

Task 5: Hungarian desserts

Have you heard about the famous Hungarian dessert, the sweet cottage cheese bar with filling and a chocolate coating? 

I also hope you tried at least one but I would recommend trying them all!

Must haves: plain túró rudi with dark chocolate coating (original); plain with milk coating; strawberry flavoured rudi, peach flavoured rudi; seasonal flavours like with poppy seeds and cherry; fitt rudi with muesli and white chocolate coating...and the list goes on and on. 

Below, please describe which one was your favourite or well, if you did not like it, explain why.

Tell us your opinion!

Task 6: Language

Let's see your language skills!

Match the followings Hungarian words/expressions with their correct translation:

  • Mizu
    What's up
  • Zsír
  • Cső
  • Köszi
  • Gyerünk
    Let's go
  • Légyszi
  • Egészségedre
    Cheers/Bless you/Enjoy

Task 7: Cultural quiz #1

Match the following cultural items to their correct explanations:

  • Szimpla
    Popular place in Kazinczy street / drinks, food, music, concerts, reading club, sisha
  • Fröccs
    A drink of wine and sparkling water mixed
  • Lángos
    Bread like hungaricum with sweet and sour toppings
  • Bubi
    Urban bicycle transportation
  • Gulyás
    Famous Hungarian soup with paprika and beef
  • Puli
    Famous mop-like dog type
  • Szabihíd
    An event on Szabadság híd during some summer weekends when the bridge is closed and given to the public - people can have a picnic on the bridge plus a lot of activities

Task 8: Cultural quiz #2

Classify the following statements as True or False:

(tip: 3 are false)

  • Budapest has a total of 10 bridges over the Danube
  • The statue on top of Gellert Hill is called the Statue of Freedom
  • Hungarian people always greet each other by hugging
  • Hungarian people prefer to eat together and wait for everybody to sit down before starting to eat
  • Hungarian people always say Bless you when someone sneezes
  • Unicum is a shot made of herbs
  • Hungarians are sad to be a pessimistic nation
  • Budapest has 25 districts
  • Velence (Venice) is a name of a place that can be found both in Italy and in Hungary
  • Balaton is also called the Hungarian Sea
  • The Synagogue at Dohány street is the biggest one in Europe

Task 9: Csótány

What is a Csótány?

(tip: more than one are correct)

  • Cockroach
  • The nickname of a Hungarian singer
  • An alcoholic drink
  • The nickname of a popular Hungarian snack
  • The name of the bartender at Főbejárat pub

Task 10: Scenic tram journey

Budapest Tram #2 is one of the most scenic tram journies in Europe!

On the Pest side, the tram follows the river providing views of Buda and Buda Castle on the other side of the Danube. On the Buda side, the views include the baroque neo-gothic Parliament building up close, along with several UNESCO World Heritage Sites and the Chain Bridge.

Take tram #2 from Jászai tér to Boráros tér and post a video about the journey to your project's FB group! (no need to record the whole, only a part is enough)

Task 11: Budapest sights #1

Which is the place shown in the picture?

  • Budapest Zoo
  • Budapest Museum of History
  • Budapest Museum of Geography

Task 11: Budapest sights #2

Which is the place shown in the picture?

  • Városliget
  • Kertem
  • Rombusz terasz
  • Budapest Eye

Task 11: Budapest sights #3

Which is the place shown in the picture?

  • Rombusz terasz
  • Bálna terasz
  • Szimpla kert
  • Budapest Park

Task 11: Budapest sights #4

Which is the place shown in the pictures?

  • Island of Freedom
  • Rombusz terasz
  • Budapest Park
  • Kertem

Task 11: Budapest sights #5

Which is the place shown in the picture?

  • Gozsdu udvar
  • A38
  • Pántlika, Városliget

Task 11: Budapest sights #6

Which is the place shown in the picture?

  • Budapest Park
  • Corvinus Cafe
  • Akvárium
  • A38

2nd Challenge: Welcome to POLAND

Task 1: Greetings

Welcome to Poland

How much you know about us? Try to guess all the answers correctly!

First question: How do we say “good morning” in Polish?

  • Dobry wieczór
  • Dobranoc
  • Dzień dobry
  • Dziękuję

Task 2: Polish Sea

What is the name of the Polish sea?

  • Baltic Sea
  • Atlantic Ocean
  • Black Sea
  • Red Sea

Task 3: Polish inhabitants

How many people live in Poland?

  • Less than 30 milions
  • 47,95 milions
  • 37,95 milions
  • More than 50 million

Task 4: Food

What is the most popular food in Poland?

Task 5: Polish Flag

The flag of Poland consists of two horizontal stripes of equal width, the upper one and the lower one . The two colors are defined in the Polish constitution as the national colors. A variant of the flag with the national coat of arms in the middle of the white stripe is legally reserved for official use abroad and at sea. 

The coat of arms of Poland is a white, crowned  with a golden beak and talons, on a red background.

According to legend, the emblem originated when Poland's legendary founder Lech saw a white eagle's nest. When he looked at the bird, a ray of sunshine from the red setting sun fell on its wings, so they appeared tipped with gold, the rest of the eagle was pure white.

Task 6: Religion

What religion is the most popular in Poland? 

  • Catholicism
  • Islam
  • Hinduism
  • Judaism

Task 7: Neighbour countries

Which of these countries is a neighbour of Poland?

2nd Challenge: Welcome to THAILAND

Task 1: Greetings #1

Sawasdeeka and welcome to Thailand!

These questions are going to dare how much you know about Thailand. Good luck.

How do people generally greet each other in Thailand?

  • a. Hug and kiss
  • b. Say sawasdeeka
  • c. Pay respect
  • d. Answers b and c

Task 2: Greetings #2

In Thailand, most of the people are either Buddhist or Muslim. 

As seen in the previous question, Buddhist greet each other by saying hello and paying respect. 

How do Muslim people greet each other?

  • Touch each other’s hand
  • Do slam
  • Say sawasdeeka
  • Smile and say sawasdeeka

Task 3: Thai's Bridges

This is Tinsulanonda Bridge

Why is it so important to Thailand?

  • It’s the longest bridge in Thailand.
  • The king built it.
  • Songkhla people built it.
  • Has the most beautiful view.

Task 4: Bangkok's full name

Unless talking to foreigners who don't know any different, Thai people will never call their capital city Bangkok. Indeed, some Thai people in the more remote provinces may never have even heard of it being called that. 

Instead in Thai it is known as Krung Thep (กรุงเทพ), which roughly translates to 'City of Angels'. Krung Thep is actually an abbreviated version of the ceremonial full name. 

What is the full name of the capital city of Thailand?

  • "Krung Thep Mahanakhon Amon Rattanakosin Ayuthaya Mahadilok Phop Noppharat Ratchathani Burirom Udomratchaniwet Mahasathan Amon Piman Awatan Sathit Sakkathattiya Witsanukam Prasit."
  • "Krung Siam Mahanakhon Amon Rattanakosin Mahinthara Ayuthaya Mahadilok Phop Noppharat Ratchathani Burirom Udomratchaniwet Mahasathan Amon Piman Awatan Sathit Sakkathattiya Witsanukam Prasit."
  • "Krung Thep Maha Nakhon"
  • "Krung Thep Mahanakhon Amon Rattanakosin Mahinthara Ayuthaya Mahadilok Phop Noppharat Ratchathani Burirom Udomratchaniwet Mahasathan Amon Piman Awatan Sathit Sakkathattiya Witsanukam Prasit."

Task 5: Thai's animal

What is a national animal of Thailand?

Task 6: Thai's food

What are the traditional cuisine of people in the south?

  • Fried noodles
  • Ped Thai
  • Papaya salad
  • Chili sauce with vegetables

Task 7: Kindergartens

According to your teaching project, when do Thai students start studying in kindergarten?

  • 3 years old
  • 4 years old
  • 5 years old
  • 6 years old

Task 8: Songkhla's symbol

What is a symbol of Songkhla?

  • A cat and a rat
  • An elephant
  • A mermaid
  • A naga

Task 9: Mermaid Challenge

Songkhla's Mermaid Statue

The Golden Mermaid statue is probably Songkhla's most photographed tourist attraction. It sits on a rock on the beach near the BP Samila hotel. Contrary to what you may think, it's not a copy of the famous statue in Denmark. No, really, it isn't. It depicts a character from a tale by one of Thailand's literary masters, Sunthorn Phu. The statue was erected by the city in 1966.

Your mission is to take a picture with it and upload it toRed Onion's Facebook Group.

Task 10: Religious diversity

Religious Diversity

Most of the southern people are Buddhist and Muslim. So, there are a lot of temples and mosques in Songkhla. 

Your mission is to take pictures of at least 3 temples and mosques which are in Songkhla and upload them to Red Onion's Facebook Group.

2nd Challenge: Welcome to PORTUGAL

Task 1: Portuguese Beer

We are proud of our beer; can you guess the name of the Portuguese brands?

  • a) Sagres
  • b) Estrella Galicia
  • c) Superbock
  • d) Cruzcampo

Task 2: Food. What else?

Food…We know! Everybody likes it, but Portuguese people are truly foodies. Can you guess the name of our famous pastry?

Task 2: Food. What else?

This is a Portuguese sandwich originally from Porto, made with bread, wet-cured ham, linguiça, fresh sausage like chipolata, steak or roast meat and covered with melted cheese and a hot thick tomato and beer sauce served with french fries.

It's name is  .

Task 3: Portuguese Revolution

The Carnation Revolution

The Carnation Revolution (Portuguese: Revolução dos Cravos), also referred to as the 25th of April (Portuguese: vinte e cinco de Abril), was initially a military coup in Lisbon, Portugal, on 25 April 1974 which overthrew the authoritarian regime of the Estado Novo. The revolution started as a military coup organized by the Armed Forces Movement (Portuguese: Movimento das Forças Armadas, MFA) composed of military officers who opposed the regime, but the movement was soon coupled with an unanticipated and popular campaign of civil resistance. This movement would lead to the fall of the Estado Novo and the withdrawal of Portugal from its African colonies.

The name "Carnation Revolution" comes from the fact that almost no shots were fired and that when the population took to the streets to celebrate the end of the dictatorship and war in the colonies, carnations were put into the muzzles of rifles and on the uniforms of the army men by Celeste Caeiro. In Portugal, 25 April is a national holiday, known as Freedom Day (Portuguese: Dia da Liberdade), to celebrate the event.


  • Take a photo of our 25th April symbol and upload it to the Red Onion's Facebook Group.

Task 4: Have some fun!

We all know that volunteering can be exhausting right? ;) 

So let us have some fun: Go to a disco and enjoy until the sun rises!

You should take a photo inside that show us that you are having fun until late!

Upload it to Red Onion's facebook group.

Task 5: Portuguese expressions

"Foi com os porcos." 

Literally translated as: Went with the pigs.

Which is the correct meaning of this Portuguese expression?

  • Died
  • Doesn't exist anymore
  • Got dirty

Task 5: Portuguese expressions

"Estar com a pulga atrás da orelha."

Literally translated as: Being with the flea behind the ear.

Which is the correct meaning of the following Portuguese expression?

  • To be suspicious
  • To have itch
  • To have an idea

Task 5: Portuguese expressions

"Muitos anos a virar frangos"

Literally translated as: Many years turning chickens.

Which is the correct meaning of the following Portuguese expression?

  • Being a good cook
  • Being tired
  • Having a lot of experience/knowledge

Task 5: Portuguese expressions

"Vai pentear macacos." 

Literally translated as: Go comb monkeys

Which is the correct meaning of this Portuguese expression?

  • Go comb your hair
  • Go to hell / Don't bother me
  • Go to the hairdresser

Task 5: Portuguese expressions

"Engolir sapos"

Literally translated as: Swallowing Frogs.

Which is the correct meaning of this Portuguese expression?

  • Accept unpleasant things
  • Eating disgusting food
  • Eating chewy food

Task 6: Literature

Fernando Pessoa, Florbela Espanca, José Régio, Luís de Camões, Bocage... 

Portugal had many incredible poets. 

Record a vídeo of you declaiming a poem from one of our greatest poets and upload it to Red Onion's facebook group.

Task 7: Archeological Treasuries

Pedra Formosa do Castro das Eiras

The Pedra Formosa of Castro das Eiras is an archaeological discovery in the parish of Pousada de Saramagos, municipality of Vila Nova de Famalicão. It was identified in 1880 by Martins Sarmento, and the Archaeological Office of Vila Nova de Vila Famalicão resumed the excavations in 1990 under the direction of the archaeologist Francisco Queiroga. It belongs to a complex of baths dating from the first-millennium a.C.

Can you find on the map? Pick a pin in map and post it in the Red Onion's facebook page.

2nd Challenge: Welcome to INDIA

Task 1: Welcome to Bhubaneswar

India, also called the Republic of India, is a country in South Asia. It is the seventh-largest country by area, the second-most populous country in the world (with over 1.2 billion people), and the most populous democracy in the world. 

Bhubaneswar is an ancient city in India’s eastern state of Odisha, formerly Orissa. 

For which other name is the city also know?

  • Mandira Malinya Sahara
  • Cuttack
  • Chandigarh
  • Kalinga

Task 2: Archeological sites

In India, caves have long been regarded as sacred spaces and were enlarged or entirely man-made for use as temples and monasteries by Buddhist monks and ascetics. 

One of the most amazing Indian rock-cut architecture sites is located close to the place where you live. Find more about it:

and Caves, formerly called Katak Caves or Cuttack caves, are partly natural and partly artificial caves of archaeological, historical and religious importance near the city of Bhubaneswar in Odisha, India.

On the basis of inscriptional evidence, these caves were first excavated by king Kharavela of Chedi dynasty and his successors who were devout Jainas during the first century B.C.

The caves are situated on two adjacent hills. means "" and has 18 caves, and  means "", sheltering 15 caves.

Task 3: Smart city

Having been around for years, smart technology is undoubtedly affecting people’s lives and several work industries. While it’s clear smart technology will have a resounding influence in shaping our future communities, many cities are in different stages of innovation than others. 

What is a smart city?

The index analyzes the level of development of cities across 9 dimensions considered key to being a smart, sustainable city: 

  • human capital (developing, attracting and nurturing talent), 
  • social cohesion (consensus among the different social groups in a city), 
  • economy, 
  • environment, 
  • governance, 
  • urban planning, 
  • international outreach, 
  • technology, 
  • mobility and transportation (ease of movement and access to public services). 

Find the place of Bhubaneswar in the World's Smart Cities Ranking 2017 and select the correct answer (more than one are correct):

  • Among the World’s Top 20 ‘Best Performing Smart Cities’
  • Among the World’s Top 50 ‘Best Performing Smart Cities’
  • The best ranked Indian city in the World’s ‘Best Performing Smart Cities’
  • The 2nd best ranked Indian city in the World’s ‘Best Performing Smart Cities’

Task 4: Bhubaneswar - Future hub city

Some interesting facts about Indian's most profiting and developing economy sectors:

  • Information technology sector in India has increased its contribution to India's GDP from 1.2% in 1998 to 7.7% in 2017.
  • India is the third-largest start-up hub in the world with over 3,100 technology start-ups in 2014–15.
  • The agricultural sector is the largest employer in India's economy but contributes to a declining share of its GDP (17% in 2013–14). India ranks second worldwide in farm output.
  • The manufacturing sector has held a steady share of its economic contribution (26% of GDP in 2013–14).
  • The Indian automobile industry is one of the largest in the world with an annual production of 21.48 million vehicles (mostly two and three-wheelers) in 2013–14.

In which of these business sectors is the Bhubaneswar's government aiming to develop the city into a development hub?

  • Manufacture
  • Technology start-ups
  • Information technology
  • Agriculture
  • Automobile industry

Task 5: Bhubaneswar - the Engineering city

Find the exact number of engineering colleges in the city and select the correct number bellow.

  • 57
  • 42
  • 3
  • 11

Task 6: Otto Königsberger

Who was Otto Konigsberger?

Make a small research to find out:

- To which country he belonged to;

- What was his remarkable role? 

Make a video of your answer and post it on Red Onion's Facebook Group page.

Task 7: Odishi Food

What is the name of this authentic Odishi dish?

  • Chicken tikka/nan
  • Saga/dahi pakahala
  • Parata/bhaja
  • None of the above

Task 8: Cricket

Cricket is the most popular sport in India.

Cricket has a long history in India, having been introduced in the country during the British rule. It is the most popular sport by a wide margin in India. Cricket is played on local, national, and international levels, and enjoys consistent support from people in most parts of India. 

Find the name of the international cricket stadium in Cuttack. Send a picture of you along with the name written in odia to the Red Onion's Facebook Group.

Task 9: Transports


An auto rickshaw is a motorized development of the traditional pulled rickshaw or cycle rickshaw.

The auto rickshaw is a common form of urban transport, both as a vehicle for hire and for private use, in many countries around the world.

Take a picture of you inside an auto rickshaw and send it to Red Onion's Facebook Group

2nd Challenge: Welcome to INDONESIA

Task 1: Indonesian Geography

Indonesia, a Southeast Asian nation made up of thousands of volcanic islands, is home to hundreds of ethnic groups speaking many different languages. It’s known for beaches, volcanoes, Komodo dragons and jungles sheltering elephants, orangutans and tigers. 

On the island of Java lies Indonesia's vibrant, sprawling capital, Jakarta, and the city of Yogyakarta, known for gamelan music and traditional puppetry.

Challenge: Travel to at least 2 of Indonesian islands and upload a picture of you and the view to Red Onion's Facebook Group (suggestion: Bali, Karimun Jawa).

Task 2: Indonesian Food

Indonesian cuisine is one of the most vibrant and colourful cuisines in the world, full of intense flavour.

Many regional cuisines exist, often based upon indigenous culture and foreign influences. Indonesia has around 5,350 traditional recipes, with 30 of them considered the most important.

In this picture, you can see one of the many Indonesian traditional dishes: Bubur Ayam.

Challenge 1: Try an Indonesian traditional dish and take a picture of it.

Challenge 2: Don’t settle in the restaurant that you always go to. Try warteg (warung Tegal) or burjo and tell us which food you liked the most.

 Show us your answers and pictures through Red Onion's Facebook group page.

Task 3: Local friends


You have been in Indonesia for a couple of weeks now. How do you like it so far?

Do you know some local people already?

Challenge: Send us a short video of you and the local person that you like the most to Red Onion's Facebook Group.

Task 4: Music instruments

The music of Indonesia demonstrates its cultural diversity, the local musical creativity, as well as subsequent foreign musical influences that shaped contemporary music scenes of Indonesia. Nearly thousands of Indonesian islands having its own cultural and artistic history and character.

Traditional music of Indonesian tribes often uses percussion instruments. What is the name of the instrument in the picture above?

  • Gamelan
  • Kecapi suling
  • Kulintang
  • Sasando
  • Tapanuli ogong

Task 5: Indonesian Culture

This image represents a form of puppet theatre art found in Indonesia and other parts of Southeast Asia, wherein a dramatic story is told through shadows thrown by puppets and sometimes combined with human characters. 

What is the name of this dramatic show?

  • Ramayana
  • Wayang
  • Mahabharata

Task 6: Indonesian language

Bahasa, bhasa, basa, or phasa is the word for "language" in many Asian languages, which derives from the Sanskrit word भाषा bhāṣā "speech, spoken language". In many modern languages in South Asia and Southeast Asia which have been influenced by Sanskrit or Pali, bahasa and cognate terms are used to mean "language" in general.

The term Bahasa is sometimes mistakenly used in reference to the Indonesian and Malaysian varieties of the Malay language.

Challenge: Try to learn a bit of Bahasa, and record a video of you introducing yourself in this language. Upload it to Red Onion's Facebook group.

Task 7: Indonesian temples

Borobudur, or Barabudur is a 9th-century Mahayana Buddhist temple in Magelang Regency, not far from the town of Muntilan, in Central Java, Indonesia. 

It is one of the world's largest Buddhist temples.

Which of the following photos represents the Borobudur temple?

Task 8: Religion in Indonesia

A number of different religions are practised in the country, and collectively, they influence significantly the country's political, economic and cultural life. The Indonesian Constitution guarantees freedom of religion.

How many religions are stated as official religions by the government of Indonesia?

  • 3
  • 2
  • 6
  • 8

Task 9: Traditional Transportation

Indonesia has several unique traditional means of transportation. In several provinces, people still use them for daily transportation.

Although traditional transportation in Indonesia might be less sophisticated than other countries, it has an important value in the enrichment of the cultural heritage of Indonesia. 

Which of the following are Indonesian traditional means of transportation? (more than one are correct)

  • Delman
  • Becak
  • Bentor
  • Tuk tuk
  • Bamboo Train
  • Songthaew

3rd Challenge: Personal Challenges

Task 1: ATTENTION: Challenges ahed!

After the first month of being in your EVS country, it's very likely that you already know your working environment, the tasks, you also start to know the city and its surroundings... Also, you might be also already experiencing the cultural difference and the intercultural challenges.

Outside of the comfort zone there are a lot of opportunities to learn more about ourselves and about others. We would like that the volunteers challenge themselves more, by doing activities that they think that would be challenging for themselves.

Task 1: Choose at least one of the following activities to complete the challenge. You can complete more activities, too. 

Make sure you make videos/photos as evidence of completing these activities and send them to the FB group. Share the link to your post in the lines below.

List of activities:

  1. Teach your native language to locals
  2. Take with yourself only 3 EUR for a day and show what you spent it on.
  3. Take as many selfies as possible with different people in one day
  4. Dance on the street (bonus point if you dance with local people!)
  5. Try 3 weird dishes of your hosting country
  6. Make a short video of the way you make to your "working" place
  7. Use only body language for a day to communicate with people

Good luck and have fun!

Task 2: Which & Why?

Which activity did you choose? Why did you choose these activities? 

Why are they challenging for you? Or why did you choose activity(ies) that is(are) comfortable to you?

Write your answer in the following lines.

Task 3: What?

What did you learn from it? Will you do it again?

Write your answer in the following lines.

Task 4: Feelings

It's been almost 2 months since you arrived at your hosting country. 

Take a moment to reflect on the previous weeks and write 3 words about your feelings at this moment of your EVS. 

If you prefer drawing, show us your image that represents this moment for you and share the link to it on the lines below..

Task 5: Culture: the iceberg model #1

Model of iceberg

Culture is often compared to an iceberg which has both visible (above the surface) and invisible (below the surface) parts. Elements of culture which we can plainly see, such as food or clothes, are represented by the upper portion of the iceberg. Those elements which are not as obvious such as why someone eats or dresses the way they do are represented by the much larger portion of the iceberg underwater.

Failure to understand and recognise these parts of culture and the layers that compose them, as well as how they influence each other is the main reason misunderstandings occur.

Task 5: Culture: the iceberg model #2

According to the model presented before, try to place the following words/concepts in the correct area of the iceberg (above the surface or below the surface).

In each of the iceberg sections (above and below the surface), order the words/concepts by alphabetic order and clockwise.

  • Food
  • Music
  • Language
  • Literature
  • Clothes
  • Games
  • Values
  • Religious beliefs
  • Notions of beauty
  • Nature of friendship
  • Assumptions
  • Importance of time
  • Concept of fairness
  • Approaches to problem solving

Task 6: Hosting country's culture #1

Can already identify some visible elements of the culture of your hosting country? And what about under the surface (invisible elements)?

Write three characterístics of each "surface" in the lines below.

Task 6: Hosting country's culture #2

Regarding the cultural elements you have identified in the previous question:

  • Does your culture share some of those elements? 
  • Which of those elements are very different/opposite from your culture?
  • What impact those elements have on you? Are they easy for you to accept or are they disturbing you somehow?

4th Challenge: Peacebuilding through Education

Task 1: International Day of Peace

The International Day of Peace, sometimes unofficially known as World Peace Day, is a United Nations-sanctioned holiday observed annually on 21 of September. It is dedicated to strengthening the ideals of peace, both within and among all nations and peoples.

The day was first celebrated in 1982, and is kept by many nations, political groups, military groups, and people. In 2013 the day was dedicated by the United Nations to peace education, the key preventive means to reduce war sustainably.

This month we suggest that you dedicate some time to reflect on Peace Education. 

Task 2: Get Inspired

Below you can find the speeches of two women than won prizes due to their work promoting Peace in the world. Read/Watch at least one of them and find out their messages about Education for Peace.

#2 Astrid's speech

Astrid Lindgren was a Swedish writer of fiction and screenplays. 

She is best known for several children's book series, featuring Pippi Longstocking, among many others. In January 2017, she was calculated to be the world's 18th most translated author, and the fourth most translated children's writer after Enid BlytonH. C. Andersen and the Brothers Grimm. Lindgren has so far sold roughly 165 million books worldwide.

Lindgren also turned her common sense, sharp mind and clarity of expression to the issue of violence against children. Due to that, she was awarded the Peace Prize of the German Book Trade, in 1978.

Here's her speech at the moment of acceptance of the award:

"My dear friends!The first thing I must do is to thank you, and I do so with all my heart. The German Publishers’ Peace Prize radiates such a glittering aura, and having been awarded it feels like such an honour that actually holding it in my hands makes me weak at the knees. But here I am, on the very spot where, over the years, so many wise men and women have held forth and expressed their hopes for the future of mankind and the lasting peace that we all long for.What can I say that hasn’t already been said in a better way than I am capable of? To speak about peace is to speak about something that doesn’t exist. Genuine peace is nowhere to be found on this earth and has probably never existed except as a goal that we are evidently unable to achieve.For as long as we humans have lived on this planet, we have been indulging in violence and war, and the fragile peace that sometimes exists is constantly under threat.At this very moment, the whole world is in fear of a new war that will destroy us all. In the face of that threat, it is true to say that more people than ever before are working for peace and disarmament. That could be seen as a hope. But it is so difficult to be hopeful. Politicians gather in their hordes for summit meetings, and talk so animatedly in favour of disarmament; but only the disarmament they want other nations to undertake. Your country must disarm, not mine! Nobody wants to be the first to start disarming, nobody dares to start, because everybody is so afraid and has so little faith in the aspirations for peace of others.And while one disarmament conference follows another, the reality is that rearmament is proceeding apace on a scale never before seen in the history of the world. It’s not surprising that we’re all afraid, whether we live in the east or the west, in the north or the south; whether we live in a country that is a great power, or in a small neutral country.We know that a new major war would affect the whole of humanity, and it makes little difference if, at the end of it, I lie dead in a pile of ruins that is neutral or non-neutral. After all these millennia of constant war, is it not time for us to ask ourselves if there is some inherent fault in the human condition that continually drives us to violence? Are we doomed to perish as a result of our aggression? We all desire peace. So is there any possibility at all of our changing fundamentally, before it’s too late? Of our learning to distance ourselves from violence? Of our trying quite simply to become a new kind of human beings? But how could we go about that, and where should we start?I believe that we should start from the bottom. With the children. You have awarded your peace prize to a writer of children’s books, and that means you can’t expect from me any wide-ranging political visions or proposals for the solution of international problems. I want to talk about the children. My worries about them, and my hopes for them. The children of today will eventually take over the running of our world, if there is anything left of it. They are the ones who will make decisions concerning war and peace and the kind of society they want to have – if they want a society in which violence continues to grow, or if they prefer one in which people live in peace and brotherhood. Is there any hope at all that they will be able to create a more peaceful world than the one we have lumbered ourselves with? And why have we failed so badly, despite all the goodwill that exists? I recall how shocked I was when it dawned on me at an early age that the people governing the fate of our countries and the world at large were by no means gods with superior capabilities and divine perspicacity. They were human beings, with the same human weaknesses as I had. But they had power, and at any given moment could make the most momentous decisions on the basis of whatever whim inspired them at the time. If things turned out badly, war could break out on the basis of a single person’s lust for power or desire for revenge or vanity or greed or – and this seemed to be the most common reason – an excessive belief in violence as the most effective remedy in all situations. Similarly, a single good and sensible person could sometimes avert catastrophe simply by being good and sensible, and refraining from violence. There could only be one possible conclusion to draw: the fate of the world was decided by individual people. So why were they not all good and sensible? Why were there so many who wanted nothing but violence and power? Was evil congenital in some people?I couldn’t believe that, and I still don’t think it is the case. Intelligence and intellectual powers are congenital, but children are not born with a seed that automatically sprouts to develop into good or evil. What decides if a child is going to become a warm, open, trusting person with a propensity for communal feelings or a callous, destructive lone wolf is up to those who bring the child into the world and teach it the meaning of love – or fail to bring home to it what love entails. “Überall lernt man nur von dem, den man liebt,” said Goethe, and so it must be true. One only learns from the people one loves. A child that is surrounded by love and loves its parents learns from them a loving attitude towards the whole of its environment, and retains that attitude for the whole of its life. Which has to be a good thing, even if he or she never becomes one of the few who decide the fate of the world. But if that child, contrary to expectation, does become one of those who decide the fate of the world, we can all be grateful if his or her nature tends to love rather than violence. The character of even our future statesmen and politicians is formed before they have reached their fifth birthday – it’s a dreadful thought, but it’s true. If we look back as far as is possible and consider how children have been treated and brought up down the ages, is it not the case that far too often the norm has been to break their will, physically or mentally, by means of some form of violence? How many children have received their first lessons in violence “von denen die man liebt”, from those they love, from their own parents? And then passed on the lessons learnt from generation to generation? “Spare the rod and spoil the child,” we were urged by the Old Testament. A lot of mothers and fathers have followed that teaching ever since. They have frequently wielded the rod and called it love. There are so many really “spoiled children” in this world of ours today, so many dictators, tyrants, oppressors, torturers – what sort of a childhood did they have? That is something that really ought to be researched. I believe that behind most of them is a tyrannical father or some other figure responsible for their upbringing, wielding a rod or a whip.Children’s literature has no shortage of depictions of rancorous childhoods featuring domestic tyrants who have beaten their children into a state of obedience and submission, and more or less ruined their lives. But happily they were not the only kind. Thankfully there have always been parents who have brought up their children in an atmosphere of love without violence. But it is probably true to say that it is only in the twentieth century that parents in general have begun to regard their children as their equals, and given them the right to let their personalities develop freely in a family characterized by democracy, without oppression and without violence. How can one avoid feeling despondent on hearing the current outcry advocating a return to old authoritarian methods? The clamour is coming from various places throughout the world at the moment. People are demanding “a more rigorous approach” and “tighter reins”, and believe this will help to eradicate the youthful vices that are blamed on too much freedom and too little strictness in their upbringing. This is, in fact, an attempt to drive out the Devil with the aid of Beelzebub, and in the long run can only lead to more violence, and greater and more dangerous gaps between the generations. The “more rigorous approach” being demanded might possibly have a superficial effect that its advocates could interpret as an improvement. Until they are eventually forced to accept that violence gives birth to more violence – as it has always done.Many parents will no doubt be worried by these new trends, and may start to wonder if they have done wrong, if an anti-authoritarian upbringing is reprehensible. But it is only reprehensible if it is misunderstood. An anti-authoritarian upbringing does not mean that children should be left to drift along and do whatever they please. It does not mean that they should grow up without a set of norms – nor do they want to. Both children and adults need a set of norms as a framework within which to conduct themselves, and children learn more from the example of their parents than from anything else. Of course children should respect their parents, but make no mistake about it: adults should also have respect for their children, and not misuse the natural advantages they have over them. What one would like to see in all parents and all children is mutual loving respect. I should like to tell all those clamouring for a more rigorous approach and tighter reins what an old lady once told me. She was a young mother in the days when people still believed in the idea of “Spare the rod and spoil the child” – or rather, she didn’t really believe in it, but one day when her little boy did something naughty, she decided he had to have a good hiding, the first one of his life. She told him to go out and find a suitably supple stick or rod for her to use. The little boy was away for a long time. He eventually came back in tears and announced: “I can’t find a rod, but here’s a stone you can throw at me.” At which point his mother also burst into tears, because it had suddenly dawned on her how her little boy must have regarded what was about to happen. He must have thought: “My mum wants to hurt me, and she can do that just as well by throwing a stone at me.”She threw her arms around him, and they spent some time crying together. Then she placed the stone on a shelf in the kitchen, and it stayed there as a permanent reminder of the promise she had made to herself at that moment: never violence! However, if we bring up our children without violence and on a loose rein, will we produce a new kind of human being who will live in a state of eternal peace? Only authors of books for children could be simple enough to believe such a thing! I know full well that would be a Utopia. And of course, there are so many more things in our poor, ailing world that must also be changed if we are going to achieve peace. But at this point in time, even though no war is currently raging, there is so incredibly much cruelty and violence and oppression going on in the world; and our children are most certainly not blind to it. They see and hear and read about it every day, and will no doubt end up by believing that violence is the natural state of affairs. Is not the least we can do to show by example in our own homes that there is another way of living our lives? Perhaps it would be a good idea for us all to have a little stone on a shelf in our kitchens as a permanent reminder for ourselves and our children: never violence!Despite everything, that might eventually become a small contribution to world peace."

Astrid Lindgren, 1978

Task 3: Peace week

Challenge: From 17th to the 27th of September (the International Day of Peace), we invite you to recruit/invite/interview some children at schools (or in your neighbourhood) to share ideas about different aspects of their life.

On each day, challenge a different child to reflect on one of the proposed topics and record their answers with audio, text, pictures or videos (or any other form that you find suitable).

Bellow, we propose some of the topics that you can use, however you can also create your own questions after being inspired by the speeches. Don't forget to adjust the language according to the children's ages, of course 😊.

  • Where they live
  • What they eat
  • How they spend free time
  • Relationship with friends
  • What they do at school
  • What they dream about the future
  • Family pictures
  • What do they think about your neighbouring countries
  • How are important cultural or religious holidays celebrated
  • Do they talk about peace, human rights and equality in classes or at school somehow? Is it just talk or are any actions taken around these topics?
  • On the 21st: What does peace mean to them?

We ask you to share some examples from your interviews and post on our “RED_Onion_for_all” group (please respect the children’s images rights!).

You can also think of additional activities from your country that you can teach to the students at the school, like a song, dance, handcraft etc. The results could also be posted online and depending on the availability of resources of each partner, volunteers could hold additional events (for example JRP does a concert and a peace rally 😊

Task 4: Peace ambassador

Imagine that you are a Peace Ambassador and that you are given the opportunity to talk about your idea of “Education for peace”. What would you say?

Please dedicate some time to write your own “speech”. Here follow some questions that can guide you:

  • What is Peace?
  • How were you educated for peace?
  • How are children in your hosting country being educated for Peace?
  • How can you contribute for Peace? (remember, “despite everything, your actions might eventually become small contributions to peace in the world”)

You can even repeat some quotes from Malala and Astrid that had more impact on you 😊

Good luck!

5th Challenge: It's movie time!

Task 1: A new learning tool

Nowadays it is becoming clearer that education has transcended the traditional and orthodox methods of teaching. 

Interest and emotion are important factors to enhance the learning process, and with textbooks often failing to attract the younger students, combining learning with a source of entertainment seems to be a very effective way of learning. 

This is why movies can act as an effective learning tool.

Task 2: Lights, camera, ACTION!

So... what's the challenge this time?

This month's challenge is:

  • Get some popcorn;
  • A comfy couch;
  • Maybe some company (optional);
  • Lower the lights;
  • Switch on the TV/computer;
  •  And watch at least one of the below-proposed movies.

Each one of you should select a movie that you haven't seen so far.

The proposed movies are the following:

Task 3: Time to reflect

Now that the cinema session has ended, we'd like you to take some time to reflect on the movie you just watched.

  • What is your opinion about the movie?
  • What did you feel while watching it?
  • How's the situation in your country regarding the topic of the movie you just watched? 
  • How's the situation in your EVS country regarding the topic?

In the lines below, write a short description about the movie you've watched and also your reflections about the questions above (no more than 10 000 characters):

Task 4: What does the local community think?

So you can have a clearer perspective of the community's opinion about the topic, we challenge you to make a short interview with the local community.

Try to collect information about:

  • how people perceive the problem in their community;
  • the evolution of the situation in the past few years;
  • positive initiatives implemented to minimize/mitigate the problem (like laws, campaigns, initiatives made by the local authorities, NGOs or individuals, etc.) 

Try to record the interview in a short video (no more than 4 minutes) and, if the person authorizes so, post it on the social media channels established for this purpose.

All the participants should be able to see how people in other countries think about this problem.

Good luck! :)

6th Challenge: Exchange Challenge

Task 1: The Barter System

The Barter System

A barter system is an old method of exchange. This system has been used for centuries and long before money was invented. People exchanged services and goods for other services and goods in return, with no money involved.

No money?! WHAT??

That's right!

This type of exchange was relied upon by early civilizations. There are even cultures within modern society who still rely on this type of exchange. 

Today, bartering has made a comeback using techniques that are more sophisticated to aid in trading; for instance, the Internet. In ancient times, this system involved people in the same area, however, today bartering is global.

Task 2: See what you can get with just a pencil

The pencil challenge:

On the 1st of November you'll be given a pencil.

On that day, you should exchange your pencil with someone from the local community for something else that they can give you. 

The same should happen again and again in the following 10 days. :) The aim is to have something more valuable every day, not in necessarily in terms of price, but in terms of the value perceived by you.

Use this challenge to interact more deeply with the local community.

Every time you exchange your item with someone else, make sure you:

  • Take a picture while exchanging it (with the person + the exchanged things);
  • Record the story behind (how you approached the person, what was her/his reaction, etc.); 
  • Describe the person and the place. 
  • Publish your "barter" and the above things in the Facebook Group;

And remember, have FUUUUUN! :)

Task 3: Which is the best?

Which is the best?

The Pencil Challenge will also involve a bit of a healthy competition: at the end of the challenge, volunteers will be invited to vote which was the:

  • Best story of the exchange;
  • The most advantageous exchange;
  • The most original picture (unique);
  • The most ridiculous place of the exchange;

The most voted ones will receive a little prize. Yey!

Excited? Good luck :)

PS: Special prize for the one who exchanges a live creature. 

7th Challenge: Human Rights Day

Task 1: Human Rights? What's that?

Task 1: Universal Declaration of Human Rights

The Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) is a milestone document in the history of human rights. 

Drafted by representatives with different legal and cultural backgrounds from all regions of the world, the Declaration was proclaimed by the United Nations General Assembly in Paris on 10 December 1948 as a common standard of achievements for all peoples and all nations. 

It has been translated into over 500 languages.

So, what does the Declaration say, after all?

Here you can read a simplified version of the declaration's statements: 

1. We Are All Born Free & Equal. We are all born free. We all have our own thoughts and ideas. We should all be treated in the same way.2. Don’t Discriminate. These rights belong to everybody, whatever our differences.3. The Right to Life. We all have the right to life, and to live in freedom and safety. 4. No Slavery. Nobody has any right to make us a slave. We cannot make anyone our slave. 5. No Torture. Nobody has any right to hurt us or to torture us. 6. You Have Rights No Matter Where You Go. I am a person just like you! 7. We’re All Equal Before the Law. The law is the same for everyone. It must treat us all fairly. 8. Your Human Rights Are Protected by Law. We can all ask for the law to help us when we are not treated fairly. 9. No Unfair Detainment. Nobody has the right to put us in prison without good reason and keep us there, or to send us away from our country. 10. The Right to Trial. If we are put on trial this should be in public. The people who try us should not let anyone tell them what to do. 11. We’re Always Innocent Till Proven Guilty. Nobody should be blamed for doing something until it is proven. When people say we did a bad thing we have the right to show it is not true. 12. The Right to Privacy. Nobody should try to harm our good name. Nobody has the right to come into our home, open our letters, or bother us or our family without a good reason. 13. Freedom to Move. We all have the right to go where we want in our own country and to travel as we wish. 14. The Right to Seek a Safe Place to Live. If we are frightened of being badly treated in our own country, we all have the right to run away to another country to be safe. 15. Right to a Nationality. We all have the right to belong to a country.16. Marriage and Family. Every grown-up has the right to marry and have a family if they want to. Men and women have the same rights when they are married, and when they are separated.17. The Right to Your Own Things. Everyone has the right to own things or share them. Nobody should take our things from us without a good reason.18. Freedom of Thought. We all have the right to believe in what we want to believe, to have a religion, or to change it if we want. 19. Freedom of Expression. We all have the right to make up our own minds, to think what we like, to say what we think, and to share our ideas with other people. 20. The Right to Public Assembly. We all have the right to meet our friends and to work together in peace to defend our rights. Nobody can make us join a group if we don’t want to.21. The Right to Democracy. We all have the right to take part in the government of our country. Every grown-up should be allowed to choose their own leaders. 22. Social Security. We all have the right to affordable housing, medicine, education, and childcare, enough money to live on and medical help if we are ill or old. 23. Workers’ Rights. Every grown-up has the right to do a job, to a fair wage for their work, and to join a trade union. 24. The Right to Play. We all have the right to rest from work and to relax. 25. Food and Shelter for All. We all have the right to a good life. Mothers and children, people who are old, unemployed or disabled, and all people have the right to be cared for. 26. The Right to Education. Education is a right. Primary school should be free. We should learn about the United Nations and how to get on with others. Our parents can choose what we learn. 27. Copyright. Copyright is a special law that protects one’s own artistic creations and writings; others cannot make copies without permission. We all have the right to our own way of life and to enjoy the good things that art, science and learning bring. 28. A Fair and Free World. There must be proper order so we can all enjoy rights and freedoms in our own country and all over the world. 29. Responsibility. We have a duty to other people, and we should protect their rights and freedoms. 30. No One Can Take Away Your Human Rights



If you want to read the full document you can click on the following link:

Task 2: Time to reflect!

Human rights are for everyone, but not everyone can access their rights.

That's why is so important that NGOs and other organizations keep working in order to help people accessing their fundamental rights.

Take a moment to think about the following questions:

  1. Which Human Rights / Social Rights does your hosting organization address?
  2. How does your organization support young people in accessing their rights?
  3. Which of the activities that you take part contribute to it?

Write your thoughts in the following lines.

Task 3: Human Rights Day

Human Rights Day is celebrated annually across the world on 10 December every year.

The date was chosen to honor the United Nations General Assembly's adoption and proclamation, on 10 December 1948, of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.

The day is normally marked both by high-level political conferences and meetings and by cultural events and exhibitions dealing with human rights issues. In addition, it is traditionally on 10 December that the five-yearly United Nations Prize in the Field of Human Rights and Nobel Peace Prize are awarded. 

Many governmental and non-governmental organizations active in the human rights field also schedule special events to commemorate the day, as do many civil and social-cause organizations.

Task 3: Let's make something happen!

What about you? Are you going to do something to celebrate Human Rights Day?

Is there anything you, as RED Onion Volunteers, could do to celebrate the work being done to improve the access to human rights? 

What small thing could you do? 

If possible, discuss your ideas with the other Volunteers through the facebook group and try to organize some small action to mark this special day! If it doesn't work, just do it yourself!

Don't forget to post pictures in the FB Group so that everyone can see your initiative.

Happy Human Rights Day!