This course covers time periods from European Exploration; all the way through to Reconstruction after the Civil War (the late 1400’s –1877). Throughout each time period, we will focus on some themes that continue today including: geography, citizenship, religion, economics, and the structure of a representative government.

UNIT 7: Age of Jackson

Test Review KEY

Click here to view my answer key to the Unit 7 Test Review.

Match the Supreme Court case with it's correct description.

  • McCulloch v. Maryland
    States didn't have the right to tax the government, but the government had the right to create a national bank. Clarifies the powers of Congress.
  • Gibbons v. Ogden
    Declared that only the federal government could regulate interstate commerce.
  • Marbury v. Madison
    Created the principle of Judicial Review

Why was the Whig party organized and who organized it?

  • To oppose representative government; Daniel Shays and Andrew Jackson
  • To support slavery expansion in the West; Henry Clay and Harriet Beecher Stowe
  • To oppose Jackson; Daniel Webster and Henry Clay
  • To support Native American diseases; Abraham Lincoln and Andrew Jackson

Which of the following was the main result of the War of 1812?

  • Increased industrialization
  • Spread of Nationalism
  • Canadian border
  • Death of the Federalist parties

Which country violated American neutrality by impressing American sailors?

  • France
  • India
  • England
  • Spain

Protective tariffs are good for the Northern region of the United States but bad for what other region of the United States?

  • Comancheria
  • New England
  • West
  • South

Fill in the blanks with the correct answer.

The long growing season, lots of fertile soil, cotton gin, and increased labor needed for cotton production are reasons for the development of system.

Fill in the blanks with the correct answer.

Domestic products were more and . Imported goods the price and it was successful.

Fill in the blanks with the correct answer.

was responsible for the Missouri Compromise. He represented the .

What was the name of Jackson's political system of rewarding supporters with government jobs?

  • Indian Removal Act
  • The Spoils System
  • Missouri Compromise
  • Monroe Doctrine

Jackson had unofficial advisers who met in the White House kitchen to discuss government issues. What was the name of this group?

  • Midnight Writers
  • Jackson's "Kitchen Cabinet"
  • Supreme Court Justices
  • Native Americans

Why did President Andrew Jackson remove the Native Americans from the South in the 1830s?

He wanted to use the land for cotton and avoid conflicts with.

Which of the following are the reasons for the improvements of the transportation system in the early 1800s?

  • Northwest Passage
  • Canals AND Steam Engines
  • Underground Railroad
  • Telegraphs AND Steel Plow

What group of people supported Jackson the most in 1828?

  • Republicans
  • The Common People
  • The Upper Class
  • American-Indians

What political party did Jackson's supporters form after the Election of 1824?

  • Republican
  • Democratic
  • Federalist
  • Independent

Fill in the blanks with the correct answer.

A tariff is a tax on 

Which of the following caused the Nullification Crisis?

  • Northern anger to tariffs
  • Southern anger to tariffs
  • Indian removal policies
  • Opposition to the National Bank

What was really being tested during the Nullification Crisis?

  • The right to pass federal laws that benefited the North
  • The right to ignore Supreme Court decisions
  • The right of states to secede from the Union
  • The right of states to ignore/override federal laws

Why did Jackson want to destroy the National Bank?

  • He thought it favored farmers over the wealthy
  • He thought its leaders were stealing federal tax money
  • He thought it benefited the rich
  • He thought the Bank's president was a criminal

Where did Jackson put the federal money after he killed the National Bank?

  • Into his personal safe
  • Into state banks
  • Into stock investments
  • Into government loans

What Supreme Court decision Jackson did ignore?

  • States can nullify federal law
  • Native Americans can be forcibly removed
  • Only Congress can regulate trade
  • The National Bank is Constitutional

How did the Supreme Court interpret the Indian Removal Act of 1830?

  • Tribes had to give up all of their land
  • Tribes like the Cherokee had a right to keep their land
  • Tribes had to do whatever U.S. laws required
  • Tribes had no right to any new territory

Why did U.S. laws support the removal of Indians from their homelands?

  • Whites wanted to give Indians better land further west
  • Whites wanted Indians to adopt American culture
  • Whites wanted Indian land for farming
  • Whites wanted to give Indians a better life on new land

This Native American group had a written language, a newspaper, and a constitution.

  • Creek
  • Chicasaw
  • Choctaw
  • Cherokee

Which of the following would MOST LIKELY have been a Jackson supporter in 1828?

  • Rich Eastern banker
  • Northern factory owner
  • Western farmer
  • Republican

Which region would have been most in favor of the Tariff of 1828?

  • North
  • East
  • South
  • West

He was Jackson's first vice president and urged South Carolina to secede.

  • Henry Clay
  • John Quincy Adams
  • John C. Calhoun
  • Martin Van Buren

He was Jackson's second vice president and completed Indian removal when he became president.

  • Henry Clay
  • John Quincy Adams
  • John C. Calhoun
  • Martin Van Buren

He was president before Andrew Jackson and only served one term.

  • Henry Clay
  • John Quincy Adams
  • John C. Calhoun
  • Martin Van Buren

What Supreme Court case was a short-lived victory for the Cherokee nation?

  • Marbury v. Madison
  • Worcester v. Georgia
  • Jackson v. Georgia
  • Gibbons v. Ogden

What was Jackson's response to the Nullification Crisis?

  • He allowed South Carolina to secede.
  • He asked Congress to raise the tariff.
  • He threatened to use force against South Carolina.
  • He asked Congress to get rid of the tariff.

What was the "corrupt bargain" of 1824 all about?

  • Jackson stealing the presidency from John Q. Adams
  • Henry Clay getting Congress to pick John Q. Adams for President
  • The tariff law that favored the South
  • Jackson's battle with the National Bank

Why did industrialization first come to the North?

  • It's cooler up there
  • The people were more open to it
  • They didn't have a choice
  • There was a lot of water

The name of the first steamboat was....

  • Claremont
  • Clarence
  • Clarice
  • Karissa

Who is the father of the American Industrial Revolution?

  • Sam Smith
  • Eli Whitney
  • Samuel Slater
  • John Deere

What invention allowed farmers to farm the Great Plains?

  • Mechanical Reaper
  • Steel Plow
  • Cotton Gin
  • Steam Engine

What was the principle trade good for the middle colonies?

  • Lumber
  • Indigo
  • Oats
  • Rice

The production of which was the model for factories in the 1800s?

  • Steamboats
  • Automobiles
  • Textiles
  • Agriculture

UNIT 2: American Revolution

NOTES: Causes of American Revolution

Click here to view "NOTES: Causes of American Revolution"

Match the terms with the correct definition.

  • Boycott
    Form of protest by refusing to buy products or services
  • Repeal
    To take back, do away with, end
  • Monopoly
    A commodity (item) controlled by one company
  • Acts
  • Duty Tax
    A tax on items/services
  • Smuggle
    To hide or bring something in the country illegally

Fill in the blank(s) with the correct answer.

was the King of during the American Revolution. Parliament and decided that the American colonists should be heavily taxed to pay off England’s war debt. In America, became a hated figure when he sent British troops to enforce unpopular British taxes and laws. opposed the colonists desire for political and financial freedom because he feared their example of disobedience would spread to other parts of the British Empire.

Fill in the blank(s) with the correct answer.

  • The followed the economic policy of mercantilism.

  • is the economic system in which colonies are forced to provide natural resources and income to their “parent” country.

  • The expected colonists to sell cash crops like cotton & tobacco and other natural resources to England to be manufactured.

  • In exchange, the colonists were expected to buy expensive goods.

  • This would bring more money back to England and not the colonies.

  • The colonist wanted Free Enterprise, and they thought Mercantilism SUCKS!!!

Fill in the blank(s) with the correct answer.

  • To prevent attacks on colonists, King George III & Parliament passed the law.

  • King George III claimed he couldn’t pay soldiers to protect colonists if they moved west past the .

  • Colonist were upset because many male colonists fought and died in the for the right to settle in the Ohio River Valley.

Fill in the blank(s) with the correct answer.

  • Samuel Adams was the leader of the patriot group the “". This groups was formed to encourage the colonists to boycott British goods.

  • Helped organize the “” and several protests and boycotts…also tarred and feathered more than a few tax collectors.

  • Organized the “”, a group that spread news throughout the colonies.

Match the terms with the correct definition.

  • The Sugar Act (1764)
    Taxed sugar, molasses, and imported goods; Hurt colonial businesses because many colonists decided to buy cheaper smuggled goods
  • The Stamp Act (1765)
    Taxed printed items; Items had to be stamped to prove paid tax; The Sons of Liberty, a patriot group led by Samuel Adams, formed to protest the taxes.
  • The Quartering Acts (1765)
    British law that forced colonists to house & feed British soldiers.
  • The Townshend Act (1767)
    Townshend Act was replacement to Stamp Act; taxed glass, lead, and paint. Sons of Liberty, led by Sam Adams, protested and boycotted English taxed items.
  • The Tea Act (1773)
    Taxed tea; colonists boycotted English tea companies in protest. (East India Tea Company)
  • Boston Tea Party (1773)
    The Sons of Liberty disguised as Native Americans boarded 3 ships in Boston Harbor. Led by Samuel Adams, the Patriot group dumped all British tea over boarding protest of the Tea Act. As a result, King George III decided to punish the colonists.
  • Intolerable Acts (1774)
    Acts to punish colonist for the “Boston Tea Party”. (1) Boston Harbor closed until tea was paid for. (2) Increase of British troops in colonies. (3) Town meetings banned.
  • Boston Massacre
    British soldiers killed 5 protesting colonists; FIRST colonist killed, Crispus Attucks, a former slave

UNIT 1: Era of Exploration

"Age of Contact and Discovery" Vocabulary

  • "Age of Contact and Discovery"
    Time period from 1492 in which Europeans discovered, explored, conquered, and colonized the New World.
  • Old World
    The name given to Europe, Asia, and Africa. (Eastern Hemisphere)
  • New World
    The name given to North and South America. (Western Hemisphere)
  • The Northwest Passage
    The name of the possible trade route from Europe to Asia/India.
  • Columbian Exchange
    The transfer of plants, animals, ideas, culture, and diseases from the Old World to the New World.
  • Immunity
    Your body’s ability to fight diseases and infections.

Who discovered the Americas?

  • The Netherlands
  • Christopher Columbus
  • King Ferdinand
  • Cabeza de Vaca

What were the spices in "The Spice Trade" primarily used for?

  • to trade for ship oars
  • to preserve and flavor food
  • to encourage natives to leave their land
  • to symbolize power and strength

Click the dropbox and select the correct answer.

Christopher Columbus sailed the ocean for Spain in hopes of finding a new route to the East Indies (Northwest Passage). Columbus sailed along with three ships named , , and Santa

Click the dropbox and select (or type) the correct answer.

On October 12, (year) Columbus landed on a small island off the coast of modern day , making him the 1st European in the New World.

Click the dropbox and select the correct answer.

Columbus named the island (Saint Savior) and claimed the territory for the country of When Columbus encountered the island natives he called them “”.

All of the following were advances from this journey EXCEPT ---

  • cartography
  • ship design
  • indentured servants
  • navigational tools

Click the dropbox and select the correct answer.

  • Political:   became the world’s most powerful country.

  • Economic:   was gaining profits from the gold and other items found in the Americas.

  • Geographic:   claims the Americas as its territory.

  • Social: The idea of becoming rich and powerful in the New World led to an increase of exploration from other European countries (England, France, Netherlands).

"Explore" by Columbus (Music Video)

WEEK 19: Washington's Administration

NOTES: Washington's Administration

QUIZ: Washington's Administration (1789-1797)

On April 30, 1789, George Washington placed his hand on his personal Bible and took the oath of office as the FIRST President of the United States. After his inauguration, President Washington, standing alongside his Vice President , addressed Congress. 

QUIZ: Washington's Cabinet

The FIRST goal Washington set for Congress was to organize the Branch into "departments". Congress approved of four executive departments: the Department of War, Department of  State, Department of Treasury, and Attorney General. Each department would be led by a   specially appointed by the President. These leaders of the Executive departments were part of the President's   was elected for Attorney General. The Attorney General is considered the chief lawyer for the country and represents the United States in any Supreme Court case in which the federal government is being sued.  was elected for Secretary of War. He was one of Washington's top generals and advisors during the American Revolution. The Secretary of War was responsible for the operations and maintenance of the United States Army and Navy. A big accomplishment Knox completed was the creation of the Militia Act of 1792. This law allowed Congress to over 450,000 rifles to provide to the state militias. This act helped grow the gun manufacturing business in America specifically the Springfield Armory Company which has produced all the rifles for the U.S. Military since 1792 to the present day. was elected for Secretary of State. The Secretary of State is responsible to form and manage relationships between the United States and other countries. Jefferson had gained fame across Europe from writing the Declaration of Independence, plus he had many political connections to leaders in Europe. His strongest attribute was his ability to was elected for Secretary of Treasury.  The Secretary of Treasury was responsible to set up and manage the nation's finances and economy. The U.S. was in debt $54 million from the American Revolution, and the states had an additional $25 million debt.

QUIZ: The Whiskey Rebellion and Hamilton's Financial Plan

They knew the most critical problem facing the new government was debt. The new federal government under the allowed Congress to levy taxes.  In 1791, Hamilton advised Congress to place a nine cent excise tax on one of America's largest product, . The tax would create enough revenue from across the nation to solve the nation's debt. The main ingredients in whiskey are corn, wheat, rye, and other grains. Whiskey was viewed to be a religious sin. Pennsylvania was the largest grain growing state. In 1793, Washington himself a whiskey distiller, asked Congress to lower the excise tax from nine cents to six cents. However, upset farmers from joined together and refused to pay the tax. These farmers became known as the  and they began to burn down tax offices and "tar and feather" the tax collectors who tried to enforce the law. The conflicts were known as the "Whiskey Rebellion".  As Commander-in-Chief of the military, Washington decided to personally lead 10,000 U.S. Army troops and 13,000 Pennsylvania state militia troops to end the rebellion.

QUIZ: Conflicts with Native Americans

QUIZ: Conflicts with European Superpowers

QUIZ: Judiciary Act of 1789

QUIZ: Washington's Farewell Address


NOTES: Key Points for UNIT 5 TEST

PPT: Bill of Rights

The Preamble explains the six goals that the Founding Fathers had when writing the Constitution.

Match the phrase with the meaning.
  • Form a more perfect Union
    Create a nation in which states work together
  • Establish Justice
    Make laws and set up courts that are fair
  • Insure domestic Tranquility
    Keep peace within the country
  • Provide for the common defense
    Safeguard the country against attack
  • Promote the general Welfare
    Contribute to the well-being of all people
  • Secure the Blessings of Liberty to ourselves and our Posterity
    Secure freedom for ourselves and our descendants

7 Principles of the Constitution

  • Popular Sovereignty
    A government where the people rule.
  • Limited Government
    The power of the government is limited, and all citizens must follow the law.
  • Separation of Powers
    Government is divided into three branches each, with a different power.
  • Checks and Balances
    Each branch can check the power of the other branches.
  • Federalism
    Power is shared between the National and State governments.
  • Republicanism
    The people elect representatives to represent them.
  • Individual Rights
    People have certain rights that are protected.

VIDEO: Bill of Rights Rap

VIDEO: Constitution Rap