IGC1 Element 1

Element 1 : Foundations in Health and Safety

Foundations in Health and Safety

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Management of International Health and Safety

Element 1: Foundations in Health and Safety

IGC 1: Element 1 - Learning Outcomes

 

  • Outline the scope and nature of occupational health and safety.
  •  
  • Explain the moral, social and economic reasons for maintaining and promoting good standards of health and safety in the workplace.
  •  
  • Explain the role of national governments and international bodies in formulating a framework for the regulation of health and safety.

Scope and Nature of Health and Safety

Scope and Nature of Health and Safety

Multi-Disciplinary

Barriers to Good Standards

Definitions

Health & Safety a Multi - Disciplinary Nature

 

Health and safety practitioners need to be familiar with:

  • Chemistry/physics/ biology.
  • Engineering.
  • Psychology.
  • Sociology.
  • Legislation:
  • Standards that apply.
  • Strengths and weaknesses of options.

Barriers to Good standards of Health and Safety

 

Complexity of the workplace

 

Conflicting demands:

  • Timescales
    • Standards
    • Budgets
    •  

Behavioral issues:

  • People failing to act as
    desired, or making mistakes.

Health & Safety Definitions

Health – absence of disease
or ill health.

  •  
  • Safety – absence of risk of
    serious personal injury.
  •  
  • Welfare – access to basic
    facilities.

Exercise 1

Group Syndicate Exercise

Why might the management of an organization not consider health and safety to be a priority?

Exercise 1 - Answers

Group Syndicate Exercise – Answers

Key points include:

  • Competes with other business aims:
    • Requires time and resources.
  • Seen as a “cost” to business:
    • Ignorance of true costs of injury/illness.
  • Ignorance of legal duties.
  • Ignorance of hazards.

End of Sections Quiz

End-of-Section Quiz

  1. What barriers might there be to good health and safety practice?

  1. Define the terms:

Health

Safety

Welfare

Reasons for Maintaining Good Standards of Health & Safety

Unit IGC1: Element 1.2

Reasons for Maintaining and Promoting Good Standards of Health and Safety

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Why Manage Health and Safety?

Moral reasons.

Legal (or social) reasons.

Economic (or financial) reasons.

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The Size of the Problem

Global statistics from the International Labour Organisation (ILO) Safe Work Programme:

  • 270 million accidents and 160 million diseases a year due to work.
  • 2 million fatalities a year.
  • 4% of global GDP is lost.
  • 355,000 on-the-job fatalities each year.

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Group Syndicate Exercise

An employee at your workplace has been seriously injured in a workplace accident.

In groups, as indicated by the tutor, list the possible effects and implications of this accident on the:

  • Injured employee
    • Company
    • Line manager

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Group Syndicate Exercise – Answers

Key points include:

  • Injured employee:
    • Pain and suffering, lost time/wages, impact on family, on-going impact on work.
  • The company:
    • Payment of sick pay, overtime cover for employee, recruitment costs for replacement, insurance claims, fines/prosecutions, increased insurance premiums.
  • The line manager:
    • Loss of skills from team, time and cost of retraining replacement, effect of overtime cover on shifts.

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The Legal and Social Expectation

International standards from the International Labour Organisation (ILO).

A country’s own health and safety standards.

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Who’s Responsible for Health and Safety?

Everybody – but most of the responsibility lies with the employer to provide:

  • Safe place of work.
    • Safe plant and equipment.
    • Safe systems of work.
    • Training, supervision and

competency of staff.