WAREX 86-16-03 Road To Conflict

This learning event is designed to orient you to the Road to Conflict and assist in your preparation as a role player in the Higher Adjacent Lower Supporting Supported (HALSS) cell, Observer Controller Trainer (OCT) or Training Audience (TA) for WAREX 86-16-03.

There are seven module sections within this course of instruction:

Press the "Start" button on a section tile to begin a section. Sections do not have to be completed in any particular order. At the end of each section there is a short five question quiz that tests you mastery of the material. A score of 80% for each section quiz must be achieved in order to successfully complete the course. Once a section has been completed press the "Home" button to go back to the tile menu and select another section.

 

Regional Overview

Regional Overview

The Caucasus region has a long history of warfare; ethnic and religious factionalism; and general political, military, and civilian unrest. In addition to these internal regional divisions, outside actors like the US, the European Union (EU), China, and Middle East nations have increasing strategic interests in the region. The Caucasus thus represents a flashpoint where highly localized conflict can spill over into widespread unrest or general war.

Located between the Black Sea and the Caspian Sea, the Caucasus includes Atropia, Minaria, and Gorgas, as well as parts of Ariana, Donovia, and Kemalia.  The Caucasus region contains two major parts—the North Caucasus and the South Caucasus. The North Caucasus region is contained entirely within Donovia, while the South Caucasus contains Gorgas, Minaria, Atropia, and parts of Ariana and Kemalia. The Caspian Sea holds large oil and natural gas reserves, potentially as large as those in Saudi Arabia, which contribute to the region’s geostrategic importance.

Regional Conditions

The current situation involves a broad political alliance of Ariana and Donovia to redraw the geopolitical map of the Caucasus to the exclusion of Western powers, and the functional end of currently independent states such as Gorgas and Atropia. The continuing competition by both Ariana and Donovia with Atropia in the international oil and gas markets, the latent ethnic tensions within Atropia, and other regional flashpoints continue to defy permanent diplomatic solutions.

 

Both Ariana and Donovia view the existence of the hydrocarbon-rich Atropia as an outpost of the “colonialist West,” and both covet control of Atropian natural resources. Economically, Atropia serves as one of the largest oil and gas producers in the world, with much of its hydrocarbon products used by Western countries. Atropian independence in setting its own gas/oil prices and policies has angered Ariana, who is also upset by the political independence that such oil and gas production and its accompanying hard currency income gives Atropia.

Atropia remains determined to maintain its independence and ensure the safe export of its hydrocarbon resources, primarily through the Black Sea pipelines of its neighbor, Gorgas. Both Atropia and Gorgas continue, with varying levels of success, to placate or balance the demands of Donovia and Ariana, while Atropia and Gorgas vigorously court European and US diplomatic support; possible inclusion in NATO; and, specifically, US security guarantees.

 

PMESII-PT

Hover over each of the state actors in the region to learn the PMESII-PT of each country.

Road To Conflict Events

The last 24 months showed a slow but steady redeployment of Arianian ground combat power, both in conventional and unconventional forces, to the Caucasus, primarily along Ariana’s northern border shared with Atropia. Despite Arianian claims of a defensive build-up designed to protect Arianian interests from Western attack, other intelligence indicated Arianian hostile intent toward Atropia. Arianian military and government assets continued to actively and aggressively reconnoiter Atropian hydrocarbon and defense interests. Ariana also moved its air and missile strike assets into range of Atropia. Additionally, Arianian-based INFOWAR capabilities had been probing Atropian government networks (including those for oil/gas production) and using the Internet, including social media, to carry out aggressive perception management operations against the Atropian population. Much of this content focused on the repressive nature of the Atropian government and its close links to the US. The Arianian military also made preparations for the mass expulsion of ethnic Atropians from the north of Ariana as well as preparations for advance northward.

Politically, the Arianians view Atropian Western orientation as part of an encirclement of Ariana by the West and nations viewed as Western proxies. The Arianians also fear a secularized and independent Atropia gaining power and encouraging ethnic Atropians within Ariana to join their ethnic homeland. Over the last two years, Arianian political and religious figures have described the Atropian government in progressively more hostile terms. Combined with increasing military maneuvers and other display-of-force actions, the tone between Atropia and Ariana chilled considerably.

 

United States Response

The US publicly responded to growing Arianian propaganda by demanding respect for all Caucasus state boundaries. The US approached multilateral organizations, but few other countries seemed willing to risk the backlash of an Arianian-sponsored oil embargo. In the last several months, border skirmishes between Arianian and Atropian border guards, overflight of Atropian terrain by Arianian air assets, and official Arianian naval vessel incursions into the Caspian Sea—home of the bulk of Atropian oil and gas fields—increased.

On 21 January 2016, the President of the REPUBLIC OF ATROPIA sent a formal request to the President of the UNITED STATES for American diplomatic, economic, and military assistance in order to deter aggression by the ISLAMIC REPUBLIC OF ARIANA. In response to the Atropian request for support, the President of the United States issued a National Security Presidential Directive (NSPD) reinforcing the continued international recognition of the current Caucasus country borders and supporting the continued unfettered export of Caucasus oil and gas byproducts as vital United States national security interests. The NSPD also directed the Department of Defense to create and deploy a combined joint task force to the Caucasus region to demonstrate American resolve and deter potential Arianian aggression.

CJTF-16 Overview

On 5 February 2016, the Joint Chiefs of Staff (JCS) alerted United States European Command (USEUCOM), in STUTTGART, FEDERAL REPUBLIC OF GERMANY (DEU), to begin preparations for alerting subordinate units for movement to the Caucasus Region. On 6 February 2016, Commander, USEUCOM appointed Commander, United States Naval Forces Europe (USNAVEUR) as Commander, CJTF-16; designated the subordinate component commands; and defined the Combined Joint Operations Area (CJOA). The same day, US Army Forces Command (FORSCOM) alerted III Corps, headquartered at FORT HOOD, TEXAS  and the USEUCOM-designated Combined Joint Force Land Component Command (CJFLCC) for the operation. FORSCOM also alerted 1 Cavalry Division (CD), headquartered at FORT HOOD, TX; and 3 Infantry Division (ID), headquartered at FORT STEWART, GEORGIA (GA) as the Army combat divisions operating under the CJFLCC. US Marine Corps Forces Command (MARFORCOM) notified II Marine Expeditionary Force (MEF) to deploy a Marine Air-Ground Task Force (MAGTF) under the CJFLCC (here after referred to as 2 MEF [FWD]).

Which of the following countries is a political dictatorship?

  • Gorgas
  • Minaria
  • Atropia
  • Ariana
  • Donovia

Which of the following countries is strategically located along the Black Sea?

  • Atropia
  • Ariana
  • Gorgas
  • Minaria

Which of the following countries has the two largest military forces in the region?

  • Gorgas
  • Donovia
  • Atropia
  • Ariana
  • Minaria

Which of the following countries have industries based on hydrocarbon extraction and petroleum?

  • Donovia
  • Ariana
  • Atropia
  • Gorgas

What Army Corps is the CJTF-16 Combined Joint Force Land Component Command (CJFLCC)?

  • III Corps is the CJFLCC
  • I Corps is the CJFLCC

Phases I-III

Phase I Deploy/Deter TPFDD Flow

Phase I began on 16 February 2016 (C-Day), when 6 (US) Fleet deployed a carrier task force (CTF) and the USS Mount Whitney to the Black Sea; CJFLCC deployed its early entry command post (EECP) to the Intermediate Staging Base (ISB) at AVIANO AIRBASE (AB), ITA. The same day, JFSOCC(-) and JMISTF deployed to the ISB and subsequently arrived in GOR on 20 February 2016 (C+4), becoming operational in the CJOA on 23 February 2016 (C+7). On 25 February 2016 (C+9), CJTF-16, aboard the USS Mount Whitney (LCC-20) arrived on station in the Black Sea, west of the seaport of debarkation (SPOD) in BEACH, GOR.

Phase I Deployment of Forces to CJOA

On 13 March 2016 (C+26), the first mission of strategic airlift arrived at the aerial port of debarkation (APOD) in BEACH, GOR, transporting 1 CD’s division ready brigade (DRB) (2/2 [US] Stryker Brigade Combat Team [SBCT]), lead elements of 69 Air Defense Artillery Brigade (ADA BDE), and initial elements of Joint Task Force-Medical (JTF-MED). At the same time, Atropian forces occupied defensive positions along the ATR/ARI border. On 15 March 2016 (C+28), 648 Maneuver Enhancement Brigade (MEB) and 77 Theater Aviation Brigade (TAB) arrived at the APOD. 648 MEB established their area of operation (AO), designated AO COURAGE, encompassing LSA GORGAS, the SPOD and APOD. On 16 March 2016 (C+29) the ISB was operational on AO COURAGE. On 19 March 2016 (C+32), the first ships carrying CJFLCC forces arrived at the SPOD, with the 1 CD’s headquarters element and Air Cavalry Brigade (ACB), as well as 85 CA BDE. Three days later, 2/2 SBCT led CJFLCC’s movement to Assembly Area (AA) JUSTICE  near FARGO, GOR, while 1/1 Armored Brigade Combat Team (ABCT) began arriving at the SPOD. The first US units began arriving at AA JUSTICE on 24 March 2016 (C+37).

(U) On 3 April 2016 (C+47), the last elements of 1 CD arrived in GOR. On 6 April 2016 (C+50), 420 EN BDE, 75 FA BDE and 504 E-MIB arrived. 333 MP BDE and 12 PSYOPS BN arrived three days later. On 11 April 2016 (C+55), the first elements of 3 ID arrived at the SPOD, with brigade combat teams (BCT) and other brigades arriving over the following three weeks. 108 SB and 62 MD BDE arrived on 24 April 2016 (C+68). On 28 April 2016 (C+72, the first elements of 3 ID began movement to AA JUSTICE. The last ship with 3 ID forces arrived on 3 May 2016 (C+77). This phase ended on the evening of 7 May 2016 (C+81).

Phase II Seize The Initiative - Ariana Attack

This phase began on 8 May 2016 (C+82) when CJFLCC advance parties began movement to initial defensive positions in ATR. On 9 May 2016 (C+83), the first ship for 2 MEF (FWD) arrived at the SPOD carrying 2 Marine Logistics Group (MLG) and the Headquarters Group for 2 MEF (FWD). On 10 May 2016 (C+84) Operational Strategic Command-1 (OSC-1), augmented by the 12, 14, 91, 96 Division Task Groups (DTG) from OSC-2, attacked into ATR to seize the Atropian capital, GREEN BAY, and related hydrocarbon infrastructure. Concurrently, on 10 May 2016 (D-Day), Combined Joint Force Air Component Command (CJFACC) began air operations and JFSOCC initiated shaping operations.  

 

Phase II Seize The Initiative - Emerging Humanitarian Crisis

On 24 May 2016 (D+14), the last ship carrying American forces arrived at the SPOD. ARIANA'S 91 and 96 DTGs initial attack moved rapidly through Atropian forces despite CJFACC air support. As they pushed forward, 91 DTG followed (Interstate Highway [IH])-94 to the northwest while 96 DTG proceeded to the ATR Capital of GREEN BAY. On 25 May 2016 (D+15), 91 DTG established a mobile defense, vicinity OSSEO, ATR  IOT block an anticipated attack by CJFLCC. On 27 June 2016 (D+17), 96 DTG seized the capital city and key port facilities, while 15 Artillery DTG established a fires position near DECORAH, ATR. As a result of the ARIANA penetration into ATROPIA, there are approximately 500,000 Internally Displace Persons (IDP) seeking humanitarian assistance.

 

Phase II Seize The Initiative - Ariana Advance

On 11 May 2016 (D+1), 1 CD was positioned in initial defensive positions northeast of ST PAUL, ATR. On 12 May 2016 (D+2), 2 Marine Aircraft Wing, and 2 Marine Division (the ground combat element HQ) arrived in GOR, and ground elements began movement toward AA Justice on 14 May 2016 (D+4). By 17 May 2016 (D+7), 12 DTG and 14 DTG pushed the Atropian army north of ROCHESTER, ATR, where they secured a key pump station of the GREEN BAY, ATR - BISMARCK, GOR - SACRAMENTO, KEMALIA (KEM) (GBS) Pipeline. The same day, 3 ID began movement to defensive positions in ATR southwest of MINNEAPOLIS and ST PAUL. 14 DTG secured the station in ROCHESTER and on 19 May 2016 (D+9), they established a defensive position in ROCHESTER while 12 DTG continued the attack further north toward MINNEAPOLIS, ATR

Phase II Seize The Initiative - Movement To Defensive Positions

On 29 May 2016 (D+19), OSC-1 transitioned to the defense and established a defense in depth with its four DTGs. 12 DTG positioned itself near the town of ZUMBROTA, ATR, 14 DTG remained securing the GBS pipeline in ROCHESTER. 91 and 96 DTGs remained in OSSEO and GREEN BAY respectively. The same day, the last CJFLCC unit closed on AA JUSTICE and by 3 June 2016 (D+24), all CJFLCC units were deployed to their defensive positions in ATR, with 3 ID positioning its BCTs south of MINNEAPOLIS, ATR. The same day, CJFACC established air superiority over southern ATR. This phase ended on 4 June 2016 (D+25).

Phase IIIa Dominate

This phase began on 5 June 2016 (D+26) when CJFLCC began a FPOL through Atropian forces. After completing the FPOL, CJFLCC attacked with 1 CD (main effort) in the east and 3 ID (supporting effort) in the west. 1 CD, led by 1/1 ABCT, proceeded east/southeast along AXIS BERETTA IH-94 to attack the 91 DTG position in OSSEO, ATR (OBJECTIVE TIN). 91 DTG, already weakened by the long battle to reach their position and CJFAAC interdiction efforts, was easily overcome. By 9 June 2016 (D+30) 1 CD had captured OBJECTIVE TIN and 91 DTG had fallen back to BLACK RIVER FALLS, ATR. 1 CD quickly reorganized and on 10 June 2016 (D+31), 3/1 ABCT and 2/2 SBCT continued to pursue 91 DTG along AXIS BERETTA toward MADISON, ATR (OBJECTIVE BRONZE) and to secure the key Mississippi River crossing in LA CROSSE, ATR, and block any retreat over the Mississippi River by 12/14 DTGs, which they achieved on 12 June 2016 (D+33). 1/1 and 3/4 ABCTs proceeded along AXIS COLT (US-10) toward the Atropian capital (OBJECTIVE ZINC), IOT defeat 96 DTG.

Phase IIIb Dominate

On 13 June 2016 (D+34), Arianian forces employed chemical and anti-tank and anti-personnel munitions to cover the 91 DTG withdrawal in the vicinity of TOMAH, ATR. Further west, 3 ID attacked southeast along AXIS GLOCK (State Highway [SH]-52) IOT defeat 12 and 14 DTGs and recapture ROCHESTER, ATR (OBJECTIVE LEAD). By 15 June 2016 (D+36), they had secured OBJECTVE LEAD, the pumping station and the remainder of the captured pipeline, and had degraded 12 and 14 DTGs to 65% combat effectiveness. CJFACC established air supremacy in the CJOA the same day. 96 DTG sustained significant losses and, the following day, began withdrawing from the ATR capital. 1 CD and 16 (GB) AAB seized OBJECTIVE ZINC while the remainder of 1 CD captured OBJECTIVE BRONZE (MADISON) further south. The following day, 3 ID continued their attack along AXIS GLOCK forcing 12/14 DTGs south of 11 DTG who defend along HWY 20.

Phase IIIc Dominate

On 19 June 2016 (D+40) they began assaulting WATERLOO, ATR (OBJECTIVE STEEL), and secured the position on 22 June 2016 (D+43), causing 12/14 DTGs to begin a withdrawal toward the ATR/ARI border. Meanwhile, by 18 June 2016 (D+39), 1 CD forces had cleared the Atropian capital of remaining Arianian forces, and were pursuing 96 DTG along AXIS FILLY (IH-43), with 3/4 ABCT in the lead followed by 1/1 ABCT. The same day, 3/1 ABCT and 2/2 SBCT renewed the attack on 91 DTG along AXIS FOAL (IH-90). On 21 June 2016 (D+42) 1 CD assaulted OBJECTIVES COPPER (ROCHELLE, ATR) and IRON (DES PLAINES, ATR), seizing both objectives two days later.

Phase IIId Dominate

On 24 June 2016 (D+45), 1 CD and 3 ID conducted an FPOL with 2 MEF (FWD) forces and began moving northward toward their anticipated Phase IV (STABILIZE) AOs. 2 MEF (FWD) assumed the forward attack on ARI forces and on 26 June 2016 (D+47) 8 MRCT seized OBJECTIVE NICKEL (GRIDLEY, ATR)  and 2 MRCT seized OBJECTIVE GOLD (DES MOINES, ATR). On 27 June 2016 (D+48), 6 MRCT captured OBJECTIVE SILVER (CEDAR RAPIDS, ATR) and 2 MEF (FWD) had pushed all OSC-1 DTGs back into ARI and reestablished the ARI/ATR border. This phase will end on 3002359 June 2016 (D+51), with CJFLCC forces conducting area defense along the ARI/ATR border and beginning their movement to Phase IV (STABILIZE).

 

On What Ship is the CJTF-16 aboard when it arrives on station in the Black Sea, west of the SPOD in BEACH GORGAS?

  • USS Abraham Lincoln
  • USS California
  • USS Whitney
  • USS Pacific Princess

What Area of Operations (AO) encompasses the SPOD, APOD and LSA GORGAS?

  • AO Courage
  • AO Proud
  • AO Dragon
  • AO Freedom

What was the objective of the ARIANA attack into ATROPIA?

  • To regain disputed religious land
  • To preempt an ATROPIAN attack into ARIANA
  • To seize the ATROPIAN capital and related hydrocarbon infrastructure
  • To gain access to the Black Sea

What are the three primary United States maneuver divisions involved in the defense of Atropia?

  • 82nd Airborne
  • 1st Cavalry
  • 10th Mountain
  • 3rd Infantry
  • 1st MEF
  • 2nd MEF

Which United States maneuver division re-established the Atropian border by the end of Phase III?

  • 2nd MEF
  • 1st CD

Phase IV

Phase IV Enemy Situation

Because of Combined Joint Task Force-16 (CJTF-16) operations, ARIANA (ARI) conventional land forces were driven back into ARI territory. Arianian Operational Strategic Command (OSC)-3 is positioned along the border between ARI and ATROPIA (ATR) in virtually the same positions OSC-1 occupied prior to Phase II. There is the possibility of cross border incursions and counter-attacks to regain the initiative. OCS-1 is positioned in western ARI near the border between ARI and MINARIA (MIN). OSC-1 was decimated by the CJTF-16 attack and is estimated to be at 50-60% strength. It is undergoing reconstitution for equipment and personnel with only light and medium transport aircraft and minimal rotary wing aircraft operational. OSC-2 is positioned in eastern ARI and is not deemed to be a direct threat at this time due to losing a major portion of the forces it had reassigned to OSC-1 during the ATR invasion and retreat. OSC-2 will use their mechanized “push system” for logistical support to OSCs 1 and 3, as well as personnel integration.

Phase IV Friendly Situation

Currently, CJFLCC HQ is located at BASE CAMP PEGASUS in GREENBAY ATR. 2 MEF (FWD) is screening the border of ATR with its Regimental Combat Teams (RCT) arrayed 6, 2, 8, west to east in BARDA, HAJIGABUL and UJAR provinces. 1 CD and 3 ID are arrayed north of 2 MEF (FWD) with 1 CD east of the Mississippi River and 3 ID west of the river.

Phase IV Objective

During Phase IV (STABILIZE), the objective will be to set the conditions for long-term, sustained stability in ATR by eliminating insurgents; by reconstituting, rearming, and retraining the Atropian army; by promoting good governance; by reconstructing hydrocarbon and transportation infrastructure; by facilitating economic development; and by reconciling and reintegrating all segments of Atropian society. The desired end state is a transparent and democratic Atropian government; a modernized Atropian army capable of defending the country from external threats; a national police force which protects society from internal threats, enforces the law, and respects human rights; and the foundation established to construct modern telecommunication and transportation systems and a fully functioning, balanced economy.

Phase IV Irregular Force Threat Overview

ARI SPF and insurgents (e.g. SAPA) will focus their effort on conducting asymmetric attacks across the CJFLCC AO to deny/disrupt the CJTF-16 ability to restore stability and local services to the civilian populace IOT destabilize the current ATR governments. Strategic hubs in ATR such as airfields, rail stations, forward operating bases, and CJTF-16/Atropian forces will be ARI SPF and insurgent high payoff targets (HPT). A secondary objective of ARI SPF and insurgents is to create increasing numbers of politically unacceptable casualties/damage whenever and wherever possible IOT erode US domestic will for continued US stability operations in the region. Expect to see ARI SPF and or insurgent attacks against random and vulnerable CJTF-16 targets, as well as specific well-planned attacks against high profile ATR government targets to disrupt security and civil order. Attacks against the GBS pipeline and other petroleum infrastructure are likely to be carried out by SPF and insurgent groups since the ARI withdrawal from ATR. ARI naval and air forces will not be employed offensively. ECOA endstate: NATO and US forces are forced to withdraw from the region.

Phase IV South Atropia People's Army (SAPA) Threat

The South Atropian People’s Party (SAPP) and its military arm, SAPA, pose a significant threat to movement along the MSRs. Some SAPA forces have been trained in ARI. SAPA forces have the capability to conduct platoon level attacks, with occasional company level attacks. SAPA attacks will be focused on airfields, pipelines, and logistic nodes. SAPA relates culturally to ARI and wants to create a separate country composed of southern ATR and ARIs northwestern provinces that contain an ethnic ATR majority. The SAPA feels that the SAPP carries little weight in the ATR political system, and reforms to assist the local people show few signs of progress. The SAPA, while it operates throughout ATR, focuses on eight provinces in the south due to cultural ties with ARI. The SAPA operates in three separate major units—Northern, Central, and Southern Commands. The group conducts most of its training in ARI, where it receives most of its equipment and supplies. Reports indicate that ARI SPF or other advisors may support the SAPA with logistics and training in the country. SAPA is heavily recruiting new members among displaced civilians throughout the country of Atropia.

 

Phase IV Criminal Organization Threat

Organized crime and its interrelationships in irregular warfare are active throughout the region. Crime is widespread and mostly linked to historical traditions and ancestral allegiances. Distinguishing crime as distinct from ongoing ethnic feuds, ideological and theological extremism, or elements of the society that incite insurgency for particular political expectations is problematic at best. At its worst, this category of violence is enmeshed in the daily lives of most people whether they reside in urban centers or are part of a rural ecosystem. The region contains criminal organizations such as the Bocyowicz Crime Family (BCF), the Atropian Organized Crime (AOC) group, and the Al-Iksir Cartel (AIC), some of which have developed into sophisticated transnational criminal organizations (TCO) with ambitious economic and political agendas. The AOC operates primarily in GREEN BAY, ATR while the AIC operates in northeastern ATR and southern DON. The AIC specializes in weapons smuggling and human trafficking. The BCF is a third-generation criminal organization with the ability to control ungoverned territory within nation-states, acquire political power in poorly governed regions, and eventually vie for geographic controlled space. These political actions are intended to provide security and freedom of movement for the criminal organization’s activities. As a result, the third-generation criminal organization and its leadership challenge the legitimate state authority on exercise of political control and use of criminal violence within a given geographical area.

At the beginning of Phase IV which Arianan Operational Strategic Command (OSC) is at only 50-60% strength?

  • OSC-1
  • OCS-2
  • OSC-3

Currently, CJFLCC HQ is located at BASE CAMP PEGASUS in GREENBAY ATR. 2 MEF (FWD) is screening the border of ATR . 1 CD and 3 ID are arrayed north of 2 MEF (FWD) with 1 CD east of the Mississippi River and 3 ID west of the river.

  • Is the above statement True or False

During Phase IV (STABILIZE), the objective will be to set the conditions for long-term, sustained stability in ATROPIA.

  • The above statement is True or False

ARI SPF and insurgents will focus their effort on conducting asymmetric attacks across the CJFLCC AO to deny/disrupt the CJTF-16 ability to restore stability and local services to the civilian populace IOT destabilize the current ATR governments.

  • The above statement is True or False

Which of the following criminal organizations is a third-generation criminal organization with the ability to control ungoverned territory within nation-states?

  • The Al-Iksir Cartel
  • The Atropian Organized Crime (AOC) group
  • The Bocyowicz Crime Familiy (BCF)

Phase IV Sustainment

Theater Sustainment Overview

Sustainment units assigned/attached/OPCON to 135 ESC establish and occupy logistics support areas (LSA), and other logistics nodes, in GORGAS (GOR) and ATROPIA (ATR), in order to (IOT) support stability operations using a hub and spoke distribution model. 135 ESC continues to operate from LSA GORGAS, GOR

Initially, priority of sustainment is to 1 CD, 3 ID, 2 MEF (FWD), 504 Expeditionary Military Intelligence Brigade (E-MIB), 420 Engineer Brigade (EN BDE), 333 Military Police (MP BDE), and 404 Maneuver Enhancement Brigade (MEB) in order, until 1 CD and 3 ID reach more than 90% personnel/equipment readiness, followed by units conducting clearing operations and the elimination of other hazards that impede mobility and endanger the civilian population.

LSA ROCK, LSA TRIGGER and BASE CAMP VANGUARD receive push packages with all classes of supply minus CL VIII, on a 72-hour cycle from 371 SB. LSA TANGO is provided with common user logistics (CUL) and common item support (CIS) supplies periodically. Commanders of supporting SBs have approval authority for emergency distributions outside established delivery schedules

LSA Gorgas Distribution

135 ESC uses the port facilities at BEACH, GOR for inter-theater SPOD/SPOE operations. The primary SPOD for cargo is Terminal 7 of PORT BEACH. The port consists of four berths (A, B, C and D) with 2,700 feet of dock space. The port operates year round. The terminal has material handling equipment (MHE) including four terminal cranes with a tonnage capacity from 6 to 40 tons. Two on-dock rail spurs with boxcar loading capability provide easy access to the Georgian Railway Limited Liability Corporation (LLC). There are 100,000 square feet of dockside warehouse and 14,500 square meters of open storage space. Each of the four berths can accommodate Roll-On/Roll-Off ships (RO/RO). Container facilities are also available.

371 Sustainment Brigade (SB) conducts theater distribution from LSA GORGAS to 108 and 55 SBs and 2 Marine Combat Logistics Regiment (MCLR). 371 SB also provides area sustainment to all US Army forces in GOR and to BASE CAMP VANGUARD in DILWORTH, ATR.

Atropia Sustainment Overview

55 SB establishes and operates LSA TRIGGER, ATR  and provides area sustainment, less health service support (HSS), to CJFLCC forces operating in or moving through the 1 Cavalry Division (CD) area of operations (AO).

108 SB establishes and operates LSA ROCK, ATR  and provides area sustainment, less HSS, to CJFLCC forces operating in or moving through the 3 Infantry Division (ID) AO.

2 MCLR establishes and operates from LSA TANGO, ATR  vicinity of DUBUQUE, ATR IOT provide area sustainment, less HSS, to CJFLCC forces operating in or moving through the 2 Marine Expeditionary Force (MEF) Forward (FWD) AO. 2 MCLR remains under the operational control of 2 Marine Logistics Group.

55th Sustainment Brigade Tasks

1. In coordination with (ICW) 404 MEB, occupy positions in AO DRAGON and establish LSA TRIGGER  no later than (NLT) 042359S July 2016 (D+55) IOT manage distribution and provide area sustainment (less HSS) during Phase IV (STABILIZE).

 2. Continue to conduct sustainment operations for CJFLCC units in the 1 CD AO. Units include, but are not limited to: CJFLCC; 1 CD and units under its operational control (OPCON) including 1/1 ABCT, 3/1 ABCT, 2/2 SBCT, 3/4 ABCT, ACB, 1 CD, Division Artillery (DIVARTY), 1 CD, 404 MEB, 407 Civil Affairs Battalion (CA BN); CJFLCC separates: 77 TAB, 420 EN BDE, 10 AAMDC, 504 E-MIB, 75 FA BDE, 333 MP BDE, 48 Chemical Brigade (CM BDE), 85 CA BDE, 228 TTSB; and 330 MD BDE.

3. Be prepared to (BPT) establish convoy support centers (CSC) IOT facilitate convoy operations.

4. BPT provide life support and transportation services to dislocated civilians returning to their homes in the CJFLCC AO.

55th Sustainment Brigade Concept of Support

55SB establishes LSA Trigger at IOT provide theater distribution and area sustainment to support CJTF-16 forces operating in or transitioning through the 1 CD AO throughout Phase IV (Stability Operations) or until relieved

Distribution Integration

Mobility - Linehaul

MSR Pickering runs from the NE to the SE; MSR Pearl runs W to E and intersects with Pickering at Tomah. MSR Gem runs SW to NE, ending at Camp Pegasus. MSR Opal runs W to E from MSR Pickering to Milwaukee. Main ASR that will be utilized is ASR Amethyst, running E to W from LSA Trigger to MSR Gem. MSR’s will be utilized by sustainment convoys for resupply of units based on route statuses, ASR’s used as alternates.

 

Mobility Air & Rail

Rail is available for intra-theater movement of CL III (B), CL VII and non-sensitive containers to and from LSAs. MCTs at each node identify cargo for rail movement and coordinate directly with HN representatives for rail shipment to and from marshaling areas at each rail terminal.

LSA TRIGGER RAIL TERMINAL, ATR. Rail terminal operated by Atropian Railway LLC, serving LSA TRIGGER with one intermodal rail yard. The terminal has two ramp tracks totaling 2,000 feet; 2 interchange tracks totaling 4,000 feet with a capacity of 20 double stack container railcars on ramp tracks and 17 double stack container railcars on interchange tracks. One rail interchange links the rail terminal with the main rail line connecting LSA ROCK in MINNEAPOLIS and LSA TRIGGER RAIL TERMINAL.

YOUNG AIR ASSAULT STRIP, ATR. Is an intra-theater APOD supporting LSA TRIGGER in ATR. It operates 24 hours a day from an un-improved runway 4,100 feet long. The field is suitable for C-130 operations with working MOG numbers of three C-130s.

Supply & Services

Fuel & Water

Field Services

Ammunition

Maintenance

Human Resource Operations

Which Logistics Support Area is the Theater Distribution Center?

  • LSA Gorgas
  • LSA Rock
  • LSA Trigger
  • LSA Tango

Which Logistics Support Area supports 3rd Infantry Division?

  • LSA Gorgas
  • LSA Rock
  • LSA Trigger
  • LSA Tango

Which Logistics Support Area supports 1st Cavalry Division?

  • LSA Gorgas
  • LSA Rock
  • LSA Trigger
  • LSA Tango

Which Sustainment Brigade provides area support to 1st Cavalry Division?

  • 371st Sustainment Brigade
  • 108th Sustainment Brigade
  • 55th Sustainment Brigade
  • 1st Sustainment Brigade

Which two Combat Sustainment Support Battalions (CSSBs) are co-located with the 55th Sustainment Brigade at LSA Trigger?

  • 329th CSSB
  • 757th CSSB
  • 835th CSSB
  • 77th CSSB

Phase IV Engineer

Scheme of Engineer Support

Initially, engineer units will focus on setting the conditions for recovery by clearing routes and obstacles that impede mobility and endanger the civilian population, while meeting the residents’ basic needs (i.e. food, water, shelter, medical care, security) IOT relieve human suffering. Units will begin partnering with Atropian engineer forces IOT reconstitute the institutions and systems necessary for long-term stability.

 

Success is unrestricted travel on major highways throughout the country; providing essential services for its citizens, and preparing Atropian engineer forces capable of maintaining the national infrastructure in an acceptable, safe, and sustainable manner.

Assured Mobility

Engineer assets will be sequenced to ensure the appropriate mobility assets are available, when required. BPT posture breaching and assault bridging assets to cross minor gaps if Arianian forces counterattack IOT facilitate CJFLCC movement and maneuver. Conduct reconnaissance to identify choke points and natural obstacles. Priorities of effort are clearing operations throughout the CJFLCC AO, followed by clearing obstacles impeding mobility and endanger the civilian population.

 

Mobility Support

Priority of effort is mobility. Arianian forces bombs and rockets damaged many of the roads and bridges in ATROPIA (ATR). CJFLCC initially focuses its mobility efforts on reducing or clearing obstacles (e.g. debris, mines, unexploded ordnance [UXO]), conducting deliberate bridge reconnaissance, and emplacing bridging systems (e.g. armored vehicle launched bridge [AVLB]) on main supply routes (MSR) and alternate supply routes (ASR) to reestablish freedom of movement. After a brief reorganization and reconstitution period, expect insurgents and/or special purpose forces (SPF) to employ improvised explosive devices (IED); engineers counter by conducting route clearance patrols.

 

 

Survivability

Engineers conduct survivability operations in order to (IOT) enhance CJFLCC forces’ ability to avoid or withstand hostile actions by providing or improving cover, concealment, and camouflage in four areas: fighting positions, protective positions, hardened facilities and camouflage and concealment.

General Engineering

 Military, logistics civilian augmentation program (LOGCAP), and the Atropian general engineering capacity will be limited during the start of Phase IV (STABILIZE). Use indigenous labor, from the local government, as a construction method to stimulate the local economy.

Engineer Reconnaissance

Initially, reconnaissance will focus on the status of roads and MLC along MSR/ASR; and validating/gathering the status of existing bridges/canals, to include location of river crossing sites, river crossing data to include river width, velocity, bank conditions, and bank data.

420 Engineer Brigade Tasks

1. ICW 1 Cavalry Division (CD), 3 Infantry Division (ID) and 2 Marine Expeditionary Force (MEF) (Forward [FWD]), conduct deliberate bridge reconnaissance on MSRs PICKERING (east of the Atropian/Gorgan border), ONYX and GEM, and ASRs GARNET and RUBY IOT determine the load-carrying capacity (classification) and structural integrity of existing bridges. Submit Bridge Reconnaissance Reports, Department of the Army (DA) Form 1249, to the CJFLCC Engineer and 85 Civil Affairs Brigade (CA BDE) within 48-hours of completion of each assessment.

2. Identify, mark, and report obstacles within your assigned area.

3. Conduct engineer reconnaissance to facilitate restoration of legitimate civil control and provision of basic services.

4. Provide general engineering support to BASE CAMPs PEGASUS and VANGUARD, provide reinforcing general engineering support to LSA ROCK, LSA TRIGGER, LSA GORGAS and LSA TANGO.

 5. Conduct route and bridge maintenance operations along CJFLCC MSRs/ASRs within CJFLCC AO.

6. Conduct route clearance operations along CJFLCC MSRs within CJFLCC AO. Priority of MSR route clearance is, in order: MSR ONYX, MSR PICKERING, MSR GEM, MSR PEARL, MSR SAPPHIRE, MSR TURQUOISE, and MSR OPAL.

7.  ICW 1 CD and 333 MP BDE, construct a semi-permanent Theater Detention Facility (TDF) on COMBAT OUTPOST (COP) EPW-2 in AO DRAGON IOT shelter, sustain, guard, protect, and account for enemy prisoners of war (EPW), combatants, and civilian internees and support human intelligence (HUMINT) collection operations.

8. ICW 1 CD, 3 ID and 2 MEF (FWD), establish facilities to operate additional detainee holding areas (DHA) as follows:         

                   (a) 1 CD: DHA Trigger, AO DRAGON 

                   (b) 3 ID: DHA ROCK, LSA ROCK

                   (c) 2 MEF (FWD): DHA ROCKFORD, ROCKFORD, ATR

 9. On order (O/O), provide general engineering support to 1 CD and 3 ID IOT support the restoration of essential services and reconstruction of key infrastructure, including MSRs/ASRs, bridges and hydrocarbon infrastructure.

 10. O/O, execute engineer support to Commander's Emergency Response Program (CERP), with primary effort to reconstruction in the Atropian capital city of GREEN BAY and critical infrastructure damaged during the Arianian invasion and retreat.

11. O/O, conduct mobility operations IOT ensure freedom of movement in the AO, priority of effort is to maneuver units operating against ARI SPF and SAPA insurgents in the area.

12. O/O conduct survivability operations IOT protect the force.

13. Be prepared to (BPT) deploy standard bridging systems within the CJFLCC AO IOT reestablish freedom of movement of units and/or supplies.

14. BPT integrate approved host nation capabilities to augment organic route maintenance and survivability operations.

 15. BPT incorporate Atropian construction contractors into CERP efforts IOT provide critical skills training and enable continued infrastructure improvements by the ATR construction sector.

 16. BPT conduct oil refinery repair to restore critical infrastructure.

  17. BPT, ICW 333 MP BDE and 85 CA BDE, construct camps in the CJFLCC AO IOT house, treat, and feed dislocated civilians (DC) at the following locations:

                   (a) AO DRAGON (CAMP WARRENS)    

                   (b) JOLIET, ATR

                   (c) MILWAUKEE, ATR

 

During Phase IV U.S. Army engineer units will begin partnering with Atropian engineer forces.

  • This statement is True or False

During Phase IV the U.S. Army engineer priority of effort is to rebuild Atropian infrastructure.

  • This statement is True or False

The logistics civilian augmentation program (LOGCAP) will be limited at the start of Phase IV.

  • This statement is True or False

Which is NOT a 420 Engineer Brigade Task?

  • Identify, mark, and report obstacles within its assigned area.
  • Be prepared to conduct detainee transfer responsibility.
  • Conduct route and bridge maintenance operations along CJFLCC MSRs/ASRs within CJFLCC AO.
  • Be prepared to conduct oil refinery repair to restore critical infrastructure.

Where does the 420th Engineer Brigade have to be prepared to construct camps in the CJFLCC AO IOT house, treat and feed dislocated civilians?

  • AO Dragon (Camp Warrens)
  • Joliet, ATR
  • Milwaukee, ATR
  • All of the above

Phase IV Protection

Military Police

Now that major combat operations have ceased, 333 Military Police Brigade (MP BDE) becomes the headquarters responsible for all Atropian police mentorship inside of ATROPIA (ATR). The purpose of this operation is to create a credible and capable Atropian National Police force, while ensuring the security and stability of the CJFLCC AO through training host nation (HN) police to provide security in urban areas throughout ATR.

Priority during Phase IV (STABILIZE) is reconstituting police capabilities. MP units will conduct law enforcement as needed within their areas. On order (O/O), CJFLCC MP units provide peacekeeping/peace enforcement efforts, to include neutralizing insurgent threats. Unity of effort is paramount, with CJFLCC MP unit operations geared towards enhancing the legitimacy and credibility of the local military and police.

Military Police Engagement

333 MP BDE and MP units under the operational control (OPCON) of divisions conduct police engagements throughout AO to gain the trust of the local populace, national police, and media personnel. Establish reliable networks through police engagements to pass and obtain critical information relevant to law and order and policing operations and to influence internal and external audiences. 

Military Police Law Enforcement

333 MP BDE and US Army Criminal Investigation Command (USACIDC) personnel conduct criminal investigations and traffic accident investigations within their respective jurisdictions.

 333 MP BDE establishes and operates a field confinement facility (FCF) for US prisoners. The confinement facility will be located on BASE CAMP PEGASUS.

Military Police Traffic Control

Control of supply routes is absolutely critical. MPs will support engineer units conducting route reconnaissance along assigned routes and conduct aggressive MSR/ASR surveillance to prevent interdiction of movements. 

Conduct assessment of MSRs/ASRs and develop traffic regulations and enforcement plan that support combat movement throughout all phases of operations.

If Atropian civilians block MSRs/ASRs, notify Atropian authorities so Atropian National Police can remedy the situation. Atropian police assets are the primary elements for traffic control and moving dislocated civilians towards collection points where they will have basic needs met by nongovernmental organizations (NGO) and Atropian authorities. Units are responsible for coordinating with local authorities and NGOs for control of dislocated civilians within their sector.

 

333 Military Police Brigade Tasks

1. Conduct border control operations along the Atropian-Gorgan border IOT to regulate the movement of personnel, vehicles, material, and goods; detect and apprehend criminals, insurgents, and persons of interest; and maintain security at border crossing sites.

2. Provide customs support to intra-theater APODs in ATR, along the Atropian-Gorgan border IOT detect and confiscate contraband.  

3. Locate and conduct assessments on Atropian police stations and forces IOT determine existing capabilities (i.e. infrastructures, existing police specific equipment) particularly around camps and LSAs.

 4. Coordinate with CJ-4, CJFLCC to equip Atropian National Police candidates with uniforms, individual weapons, and personal protective equipment (Kevlar vests).

 5. Provide instruction to Atropian National Police candidates on basic law enforcement, border control, customs inspections, detainee operations, and the rule of law IOT increase host nation law enforcement capabilities.

  6. Locate and conduct assessments of national-level Ministry of Interior facilities IOT determine existing capabilities (e.g., equipment, infrastructures).

 7. Conduct movement support and area security operations along CJFLCC MSRs/ASRs IOT enforce CJFLCC movement priorities and assist in control of dislocated civilians.

8. Provide one MP platoon for security of the CJFLCC Main CP at BASE CAMP PEGASUS.

9. Provide MP support to 404 MEB in AO DRAGON. 404 MEB does not have an assigned MP BN.

10. Be prepared to (BPT) coordinate and integrate HN capabilities to provide fixed site security, traffic control, and trafficability of routes to augment CJFLCCs ability to secure MSRs.

Chemical, Biological, Radiological and Nuclear (CBRN) Threat

ARIANA (ARI) possesses a capable and growing chemical, biological, radiological, and nuclear (CBRN) capability.  Arianian strategic policy supports a CBRN first strike in the event it believes its national security is in jeopardy. National policy also supports the use of preemptive CBRN strikes against a neighbor either to deter aggression or as a response to an enemy attack. It may also use, or threaten to use, CBRN weapons as a way of applying political, economic, or psychological pressure.

ARIANA has a wide variety of CBRN delivery means organic to its military forces. In addition to surface-to-surface missiles capable of carrying CBRN warheads, most Arianian artillery systems are capable of delivering chemical munitions and nuclear rounds (152 mm and above). Trained Arianian special purpose forces (SPF) may also be used as alternate means of delivering CBRN munitions packages.

 

 

CBRN Scheme of Support

During Phase IV (STABILIZE), chemical units focus primarily on one line of effort (LOE), civil security (shaping operation).  CBRN reconnaissance platoons perform chemical and radiological reconnaissance and surveillance on named areas of interest (NAI) such as routes, base camps, critical infrastructure, and internally displaced person (IDP) camps IOT protect the force and the civilian population. Biological Integrated Detection Systems (BIDS) platoons perform biological surveillance on NAIs IOT detect to treat casualties. Decontamination platoons perform thorough and terrain decontamination operations to reduce hazards, limit the spread of contamination, and preserve combat power.

48 Chemical Brigade Tasks

1.  Conduct biological surveillance in vicinity of BASE CAMP PEGASUS and the Atropian capital IOT identify agents and expedite the treatment of infected military and civilian personnel.

2.BPT assess suspected CBRN munitions throughout the CJFLCC AO IOT render safe, package, and transport munitions to a storage facility.

3. BPT conduct elimination operations throughout the CJFLCC AO IOT neutralize or incinerate hazardous substances. Incineration is limited to emergency disposals by thermally treating chemical munitions in place with an appropriate amount of high explosives to incinerate any liquids that may be present.

4. BPT to conduct disablement operations throughout the CJFLCC AO IOT render processes or machinery used to produce hazardous substances inoperable.

5. BPT to support sensitive-site exploitations (SSE) throughout the CJFLCC AO IOT collect documents, electronic data, and material and neutralize any threats posed by the site or its contents.

6. BPT conduct thorough decontamination in IOT limit the spread of contamination and prevent casualties.

7.  BPT augment brigade combat teams with CBRN defense assets IOT protect the force.

The Military Police priority during Phase IV is reconstituting police capabilities.

  • This statement is True or False

If Atropian civilians block MSRs/ASRs, the military police are to take any means necessary to clear the route(s).

  • This statement is True or False

Which of the following are tasks of the 333 Military Police Brigade?

  • Coordinate with CJ-4, CJFLCC to equip Atropian National Police candidates with uniforms, individual weapons, and personal protective equipment (Kevlar vests).
  • Locate and conduct assessments of national-level Ministry of Interior facilities IOT determine existing capabilities (e.g., equipment, infrastructures).
  • Conduct movement support and area security operations along CJFLCC MSRs/ASRs IOT enforce CJFLCC movement priorities and assist in control of dislocated civilians.
  • All of the above

Ariana supports a CBRN first strike policy in the event it believes its national security is in jeopardy.

  • This statement is True or False

During Phase IV chemical units focus primarily on one line of effort.

  • This statement is True or False

Conclusion

Conclusion

In this course of instruction we learned of the events leading to the conflict between ATROPIA and ARIANIA, the United States deployment of forces to ATROPIA and the engagement of CJTF-16 forces with ARIANA which lead to the restoration of the Atropian border and the commencement of stability operations. For more detailed information please refer to the CJFLCC and 135th ESC OPORDs at the 86th Training Division DISA site:https://army.deps.mil/Army/sites/86TD/exercises/2016/WAREX/Correspondence/Forms/AllItems.aspx?RootFolder=%2FArmy%2Fsites%2F86TD%2Fexercises%2F2016%2FWAREX%2FCorrespondence%2F2%20Tactical%20Orders&FolderCTID=0x01200099A16485212694479A93682AE6E0EED4&View={F0C97FB0-16B5-4699-92A1-1BEF15AA755E}&InitialTabId=Ribbon%2EDocument&VisibilityContext=WSSTabPersistence