Public Speaking

This course helps the student to develop personal speaking skills and introduces principles of contemporary types of speeches.

After completing Public Speaking, students should be able to:

Identify principles of invention including forms of proof and research methods that are appropriate for speaker, topic, occasion, and audience.

Identify principles of organization appropriate for speaker, topic, occasion, and audience.

Identify principles of style appropriate for speaker, topic, occasion, and audience.

Deliver a speech using vocal delivery behaviors appropriate for speaker, topic, occasion, and audience.
Deliver a speech using nonverbal delivery behaviors appropriate for speaker, topic, occasion, and audience.



Inventing The Informative Response

Defining the Informative Speech and Exigence

Informative Speaking

 Whenever we speak to inform, we are speaking to increase audience knowledge and understanding of a topic. In the speech we will be developing, you will identify an exigence, the cause of the exigence, and the effect of the exigence. From there, you will formulate a rhetoric response that expands your audiences knowledge over an exigence. 

Defining Exigence

Exigence is an imperfection marked by urgency. There are two types of exigence-rhetorical and nonrhetorical. Rhetorical exigence is imperfections that can be fixed through rhetoric. Non-rhetorical exigence is imperfections that cannot be fixed through communication. To be clear, an exigence is an imperfection, not the solution or modification. 

Clarifying What An Exigence Is

Identifying an Exigence

Now that we have clarified the meaning of an exigence, let us identify an exigence to use as the informative topic of our speech.

Identifying an Exigence

Our informative speech will be grounded in providing knowledge and understanding concerning a specific exigence, which we have already defined as an imperfection demanding urgency. 

Informative Speech Development Worksheet

Now that we have choosen an exigence to use structure our informative speech around, lets use this worksheet below to develop the body of our speech. 

Informative Situational Analysis

Inventing The Persuasive Response

Defining Persuasive Speaking

What is persuasive speaking? 

When we speak to persuade our goal is to change or reinforce attitudes, values, or beliefs. 

Explaining Persuasive Speaking

Explaining Persuasive Speaking

Persuasive speaking is the type of speaking that most people engage in the most. This type of speech can involve everything from arguing about politics to talking about what to eat for dinner. Persuasive speaking is very connected to the audience, as the speaker must, in a sense, meet the audience halfway. Persuasion, obviously, is not entirely controlled by the speaker--persuasion occurs when an audience assents to what a speaker says. Consequently, persuasive speaking requires extra attention to audience analysis.

Traditionally, persuasion involves three different types of appeals: ethos (credibility), logos (logic), and pathos (emotion). By performing these three elements competently, a speaker can enhance their persuasive power.

TIME Magazine's Tips for Writing A Persuasive Speech

Check out what TIME Magazine has to say about writing persuasive speeches by clicking on this link...

Toulmin's Model of Argumentation

Toulmin's Model 

When teaching persuasive speaking, many intructors like to use Toulmins model as a framework. Toulmin's Model of Argumentation includes three main parts: a claim, data, and a warrant. 

Toulmin's Model of Argumentation provides a great and comprehensive structure for styling a persuasive speech. 

Powerful Persuasive Speech Example

The famous Leonardo Dicaprio provides an incredible example of using rhetoric and communication to change or reinforce attitudes, beliefs, and values. Check it out...