Multimedia Learning

Nine Multimedia Learning Effects

Match the multimedia principle on the left with the correct definition on the right.

–°ombine elements from the left column with the elements on the right
Multimedia effect
Better transfer when corresponding narration and animation are presented simultaneously rather than successively.
Spatial contiguity effect
Better transfer when printed words are placed near rather than far from corresponding pictures.
Temporal contiguity effect
Better transfer when irrelevant words, pictures, and sounds are excluded rather than included.
Coherence effect
Better transfer when a message contains words and pictures rather than words alone.
Modality effect
Better transfer from animation and narration than from animation and on-screen text.

Which multimedia principle allows for better transfer when training on components precedes rather than follows a message?