Module 2a (Theory): IASC Reference Module for Cluster Coordination at Country Level
Read the entirety of the CCRM (see below or click on the link above)
- Complete the following post-reading quiz
What is the purpose of the “IASC Cluster Coordination Reference Module”?
- Outline the basic elements of cluster coordination
- Serve as a reference guide for field practitioners to help facilitate their work and improve humanitarian outcomes
- Provide UNICEF Country Representatives with a clear guide on their role and responsibilities vis-a-vis UNICEF led Clusters and AORs
All Clusters are automatically activated in a humanitarian crisis.
What are the criteria for activating Clusters?
- Response and coordination gaps exist due to a sharp deterioration or significant change in the humanitarian situation.
- Existing national response or coordination capacity is unable to meet needs
- The availability of a Cluster Coordinator and Information Management Officer
How does Inter-Cluster coordination work in humanitarian responses?
Provides strategic direction through the articulation of strategic objectives and operational support to their achievement. CLAs ensure an inter-sectoral analysis informs HCT decision-making.Humanitarian Country Team
Determined by the HCT, relevant clusters group together to develop multi-sectoral strategies in achievement of the SO and coordinate to implement and monitor their achievement.Strategic Objectives
Focus on key operational issues which impact on an effective and efficient responseClusters
What are the six core functions of a cluster at country level?
Match the description to the Cluster Core Function.
Support service delivery▪ Providing a platform that ensures service delivery is driven by the Humanitarian Response Plan and strategic priorities. ▪ Developing mechanisms to eliminate duplication of service delivery.
Inform the HC/HCT’s strategic decision-making▪ Preparing needs assessments and analysis of gaps to inform the setting of priorities. ▪ Identifying and finding solutions for (emerging) gaps, obstacles, duplication and cross-cutting issues. ▪ Formulating priorities on the basis of analysis.
Plan and implement cluster strategies▪ Developing sectoral plans, objectives and indicators that directly support realization of the overall response’s strategic objectives. ▪ Applying and adhering to common standards and guidelines. ▪ Clarifying funding requirements
Monitor and evaluate performance▪ Monitoring and reporting on activities and needs. ▪ Measuring progress against the cluster strategy and agreed results. ▪ Recommending corrective action where necessary.
Build national capacity in preparedness and contingency planning• Identify key elements of the HPC that require preparation • Analyse and address anticipated risks • Establish good working relationships with authorities and partners and clarify roles and responsibilities • Reinforce coordination structures
Support robust advocacy▪ Identifying concerns, and contributing key information and messages to HC and HCT messaging and action. ▪ Undertaking advocacy on behalf of the cluster, cluster members, and affected people.
Who is responsible for the efficient functioning of a cluster?
- The Cluster lead Agency (CLA)
- The Cluster Coordinator
- Affected populations
- Resourcing partners
- Cluster members
- The military
What are possible advantages of shared Cluster leadership (ie. UNICEF and Save the Children for the Education Cluster)?
- Improved Partnerships
- Improved Advocacy
- Improved Information Transfer
- Higher Transaction Costs
- Better Coordination
- Stronger Engagement of Partners
What are possible benefits of establishing sub-national coordination mechanisms?
- Strengthen accountability to affected people.
- Establishment of additional offices and recruitment of additional staff.
- Work closely with local authorities and partners
- Support real-time implementation of the Humanitarian Response Plan, and address cross-cutting and multidimensional issues arising in the immediate context
- Adapt the response, including priorities to local circumstances
What does the Cluster Performance Monitoring (CCPM) evaluate?
- Cluster Program Implementation and Delivery
- Cluster Coordination and Functions
- Cluster Coordination Architecture
What are the different Steps of Cluster Performance Monitoring (CCPM)?
Match the description to the corresponding CCPM Step.
• HCT discusses and agrees on implementation of CCPM incl. timeframe • Inter-cluster Group discusses CCPM process and objectives and agrees on timeline and roles and responsibilities • Clusters discuss objectives and clarify steps and processes w partnersStep 1 - Planning
• Cluster Coordinator completes a cluster description survey • Cluster Coordinator and partners each complete separate (online) survey • Global Clusters compile survey data and produce a Preliminary CCPM Report on performance of six core functionsStep 2 - CCPM Survey
• In CCPM workshops, each cluster discusses survey results, mitigating factors and explanations of performance and agrees on specific corrective actions that will be taken • CCPM Report and Action Plan are then finalized and shared with stakeholdersStep 3 – Cluster Analysis and Action Planning
• Inter-Cluster Group reviews CCPM Reports and Action Plans • CCPM Reports and Action Plans are presented to HCT and Global Clusters • Each cluster monitors implementation of its Action Plan • Clusters report to HCT on respective progress and challengesStep 4 - Follow-up and Monitoring