"Trafficking in persons," "human trafficking," and "modern slavery" have been used as umbrella terms for the act of recruiting, harboring, transporting, providing, or obtaining a person for compelled labor or commercial sex acts through the use of force, fraud, or coercion.
- United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime
Key Elements of TIP
There are three Key Elements which can be used to define and identify TIP:
- Fraud, or
The Trafficking Victims Protection Act of 2000 (TVPA) defines "severe forms of trafficking in persons" as:
- Sex trafficking in which a commercial sex act is induced by force, fraud, or coercion, or in which the person induced to perform such an act has not attained 18 years of age; or
- The recruitment, harboring, transportation, provision, or obtaining of a person for labor or services, through the use of force, fraud, or coercion for the purpose of subjection to involuntary servitude, peonage, debt bondage, or slavery.
A victim need not be physically transported from one location to another in order for the crime to fall within these definitions.
Did you know?
- The private economy reaps some $150 billion in illicit profits each year from human trafficking
- 20.9 million people are human trafficking victims
- 55% of all victims are females
- 26% of victims are children (under 18 years of age)
- International Labour Organization (ILO)
- Human Trafficking represents the second-largest criminal industry worldwide
- It is the fastest growing criminal industry
- Department of Health and Human Services, 2006