Vitamins and Minerals for the Body

This course is about the vitamins and minerals we as humans can get from our food. We will be learning what benefit some of them have for the body and how to get more of them. 

What are vitamins and minerals?


Vitamins definition 

Vitamins are any group of any group of organic compounds needed for nutrition and normal body growth. Vitamins can be consumed through food or through a multi-vitamin pill. 

Vitamins you may recognize - 

Vitamin A, vitamin B, vitamin C, vitamin D, folic acid.  


Minerals definition - 

Inorganic substances essential to proper functioning of the body.  Like vitamins they can be consumed through healthy foods and multi-vitamin pills. 

Some minerals you may recognize - 

Potassium, calcium, magnesium, iron, zinc, sodium.

These recognizable minerals are all important for your bodies functionality. 

Match vitamin and mineral definitions

  • Vitamin
    Organic compound
  • Mineral
    Inorganic substance

Here is an awesome TED Talk about how vitamins work. You will not be quizzed on this video, but it is interesting and contributes valuable information. Enjoy!

Foods that provide vitamins and minerals.

Vitamin and mineral rich foods, these are only a few of the vitamins and minerals you need with only a fraction of their benefits. They are so good for you!

Vitamin rich foods

Sweet potatoes are rich in Vitamin A, which benefits vision. 

Red peppers are rich in Vitamin C, which benefits tissue repair and the immune system. Citrus is also a great source of Vitamin C.  

Fish, like salmon and swordfish, are rich in Vitamin D. Vitamin D promotes cell growth, immunity and inflammation reduction.  

Spinach is high in folate. Folate is suggested for everyone, but especially pregnant women, since it can prevent birth defects. 

Tuna and nuts contain omega 3 fatty acids, which can lower risk for heart disease and relieve joint pain and stiffness. 

Mineral rich foods

Dairy products are rich in calcium, which helps promote and maintain bone health.

Red meat, fish, and poultry are all high in iron. Iron is important for the transportation of oxygen and cell growth. Iron is needed to create red blood cells. 

Wheat bran is rich in magnesium. Magnesium helps maintain muscle and nerve function, is good for the heart, and promotes strong bones. 

Bananas are potassium rich, which is an important natural electrolyte and aids protein and muscle growth. Many athletes eat bananas to prevent cramping.  

Watch this video for a better understanding. There are some additional vitamins and minerals included in the video and there are more detailed explanations.

Let's see what your remember!

  • Red pepper are high in Vitamin C.
  • Dairy is low in calcium.

Which picture features a food high in Vitamin C?

Dropdown quiz

According to the content section, spinach is high in  

You are trying to get more magnesium in to your diet, according to the content section which food option should you choose?

  • Salmon
  • Wheat bran
  • Cinnamon