Furniture Systems - Introduction

MyFlatpack has developed a Training Course specifically designed to up skill Tradesmen Carpenters in an area that is not in the remit of general Carpentry, and that is building Furniture Systems.

Technology has evolved over many years that it is now common place for Modern Timber Merchants to provide a Cutting Service for timber and board material that makes it a reality to have a bespoke Furniture System in a Flat Pack Format at the most cost effective price.

The advancement of this technology and service has not been matched with training for the personal who are the most qualified to use it, the Carpenter, who may work for himself, a Building Contractor or a specialist providing Trades to the Construction Industry.

Who ever he works for there is a new market that has been created with this Training Program that merges and fully utilises the expertise and service  provided by others that vastly reduce the skill level required and the cost involved of constructing Furniture Systems.

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Above. Wall To Wall and Floor To Ceiling Wardrobe System in a Flat Pack Format.   

Below. The System being Assembled and Fitted. 

 

 

For Construction Professionals And The Professional DIYer

 

The Benefits Of The Product

Don't Just Become A Customer - Become A Business Partner Today And Be A Leader In Your Field

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The Benefits Of Being A Business Partner  

Below you can see the results of using a Cutting Service and the value it brings to the Customer and the financial benefit it brings to a participating Timber Merchant as a Business Partner. Become one just by letting your Customers know of this product and reap the rewards.Timber Merchants that provide a Cutting Service expertly cut the required Components to size. The above Furniture System is worth approximately €500 to the supplier. Overall, significant sums of money  per order. How can you benefit in your area of business?    

In most cases free local delivery is offered with orders of this expenditure.

  FREE DELIVERY for orders over£100 + VAT  http://www.bctimber.co.uk/services.htm

Orders in excess of £100 are delivered locally free of charge. We offer a cut to size facility for all timber and sheet material requirements  

http://www.barnsleytimber.co.uk/services.htm 

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The Product  

The following demonstration will provide you with the knowledge of how this Furniture System works, the components, their sizes and their relationship with each other, through to compiling a full Cut List. Not only will you be able to do this but you will fully understand  the content and be able to fully utilise the Cutting Service offered by modern Timber Merchants should you chose to do so.

The Assembly and Installation process is every bit as detailed as the demonstration offered using simple English and detailed drawings offering only the required information to match what is being explained.

The practical Assembly and Installation uses many techniques that are used in other areas of Carpentry and applied to this System, some reducing user error, some increasing accuracy,  some decreasing the time taken to do certain tasks and one method ensuring that your doors to the System are perfectly level. Collectively making this Product an Articulated Process.

The uniquely designed Learning Objectives take you through bite sized stages you need to be informed on. After each stage you will be asked questions, the answers of which are what you need to take with you to the next stage. 

By the time you come to compiling your Cut Lists for the demonstrated Wall to Wall And Floor To Ceiling Furniture System you will feel like an expert. An experience that you will have enjoyed rather than an ordeal that you have endured. You will be invited to continue the rest of the Training Program.

We have done our best to make this a pleasant and interesting experience at every stage and in particular with our specifically developed calculating techniques, a visual experience where you will see the results develop in front of your eyes, but more importantly you will understand the outcomes, the hows and the whys. ​

 

Modern Timber Merchants are increasingly providing a Cutting Service. It will not be long before you see:Get Your Bespoke Furniture System Here, All You Need Is A Cut List

This is what is currently on websites of Timber Merchants:

This product, the Training Program now takes Furniture Systems of this nature OUT of the Joinery Industry and INTO the working remit of Carpentry, creating a new Market for Up skilled Tradesmen, Construction Professionals, Timber Merchants and the Professional DIYer who have kept  pace with modern techniques, procedures and services. 

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At The End Of This Lesson You Will Be Able To Identify The Components A, B, C & D And Their Relationship To The Cabinet.

The Cabinet - The Components That Make Up A Cabinet

Furniture Systems are made of Cabinets that can stand by themselves, beside each other or on top of each other.

There are effectively three types of Cabinet.

  • A Cabinet with no door or doors
  • A Single Cabinet with one door
  • A Double Cabinet with two doors.

The Heights of these Cabinets can be altered for the required function that they are to perform. 

The Components have Identification Codes to identify them when referred to and for when handling on site.

A Single Cabinet comprises of 6 Components. 

A = Top and Bottom                B = The Back                C = The Door               D = The Sides 

Single Cabinet

 

 

Double Cabinet

A Double Cabinet comprises of 7 Components.        

A = Top and Bottom                B = The Back                C = The Doors              D = The Sides 

                    The Components Identification Codes

Components A - The Top and The Bottom.     

These Components are the same size as each other and have the same Identification Code.

Component B - The Back.                                                                                                                                                      

This Component will be the the Width of the Cabinet and the overall Height of the Cabinet.  It is the only Component that is 6mm in thickness.

Component C - The Door(s)                                                                                                                                                 

The Height Dimension is the same as the overall Height of the Cabinet. The Width Dimension of the Door or doors are mathematically established in a different way depending on which type of Cabinet the door or doors are for, a Single Cabinet or a Double Cabinet.  (see next section)

Components D - The Sides.                                                                                                                                                     These Components are the same size as each other and have the same Identification Code.

What Identification Code is given to the Door or Doors of a Cabinet

  • A
  • B
  • C
  • D

What Identification Code is given to the Back of a Cabinet

  • A
  • B
  • C
  • D

What Identification Code is given to the Sides of a Cabinet

  • A
  • B
  • C
  • D

What Identification Code is given to the Top and Bottom Components of a Cabinet

  • A
  • B
  • C
  • D

Match The Answers From The Column On The Right To The Items In The Left Column

  • Components C
    These Components are the same Height as the Cabinet
  • Component B
    Is the same overall Width and Height of the Cabinet
  • Components A
    Are the same size as each other
  • Components D
    Are the same size as each other

At The End Of This Lesson You Will Be Able To Identify With The Components And Their Dimension Codes

The Dimension Codes Of The Components

In addition to Identification Codes to the Components, each Component has two Dimension Codes to identify its Width, Height or Depth and these will vary depending on actual site dimensions where the installation is to go, functionality of that Dimension  and personal preferences.

For example, with a Wall to Wall Furniture System, the Overall Width of the System will determine the Width of each Cabinet which immediately determines the Width of Component A, the A1 Dimension. The Height Selection will be one both  a personal and functional choice.

 Above. An Overall Width of System Of  3000mm establishes an equal A1 Dimension of  1000mm for all Cabinets.

Below. An increased Overall Width Of System of 3363mm has increased the A1 Dimension to 1121mm for all the Cabinets.

 

 

The Dimension Codes 

The Components Dimension Codes are:

  • A - A1 & A2
  • B - B1 & B2
  • C - C1 & C2
  • D - D1 & D2

​The Dimension Codes of Component A and Component B​

Component A

  • A1 - The Width Dimension. This will be an individual Dimension depending on the Overall Width  of the Furniture System.
  • A2  - The Depth Dimension. This Dimension is both a personal preference and a functional Dimension as it has to provide sufficient Depth for the use of the System. 

Component B

  • B1  - The Width Dimension. This Dimension will always be the same as the A1 Dimension and it will be the overall Height of the Cabinet.

  • B2  - The Height Dimension. This Dimension is Determined by the Height Selection of Component D plus the combined 18mm thickness of Components A at the Top and the Bottom of the Cabinet, making it the overall Height of the Cabinet. (see above drawing)

 

The Dimensions of Component C and Component D

Component C

  • C1 - The Width Dimension. This Dimension is influenced by the A1 Dimension. (in short the C1 Dimension is the A1 Dimension minus 6 divided by 2)  more on this in the following Sections. 

 

  • C2 - The Height Dimension. This Dimension is Determined by the Height Selection of Component D plus the combined 18mm thickness of Components A at the Top and the Bottom of the Cabinet, making it the overall Height of the Cabinet. 

Component D

  • D1 - The Depth Dimension. This Dimension Determines the Depth of the Cabinet.  and is both a personal and functional consideration.The A2 Dimension and D1 Dimension will always be the same as they are fixed together and form the Depth of the Cabinet. 

  • D2  - The Height Dimension.  The Dimension of this Component establishes the Internal Height of the Cabinet. It is one of personal choice but its selection must take into consideration the  practical use of the Cabinet and/or the System.  Once the  D2 Dimension has been established it  automatically determines the B2 and C2 Dimensions of the Cabinet. 

 

Match The Applicable Statements To Each Other

  • Each Component has....
    Two Dimension Codes.
  • A Dimension Code....
    Identifies a Width, Height or Depth of a Component.
  • What will the Overall Width Of A System Determine
    The A1 Dimension
  • The A1 Dimension will determine the Width of what Component ?
    Component B
  • The A2 Dimension....
    Identifies the Depth of a Component

The D2 Dimension Determines Which Other Dimensions ? Select All That Apply.

  • The A1 Dimension.
  • The A2 Dimension.
  • The B1 Dimension.
  • The B2 Dimension.
  • The C1 Dimension.
  • The C2 Dimension
  • The D1 Dimension.

Which Dimension Identifies the Internal Height of the Cabinet

  • A1 Dimension
  • A2 Dimension
  • B1 Dimension
  • B2 Dimension
  • C1 Dimension
  • C2 Dimension
  • D1 Dimension
  • D2 Dimension

The Door Width Of The Cabinet - The C1 Dimension

As previously covered there are three types of Cabinet. Two of them will have Doors. A Single Cabinet will have one Door and a Double Cabinet will have two Doors.  

Above. Front Elevation of  a Single Door Cabinet. The edge of the Door is 1.5mm to the edge of the Cabinet at both sides giving a total of 3mm that the Door is less than the Width of the Cabinet.  

To establish  the C1 Dimension of the Door of a Single Cabinet subtract 3 from the Width of the Cabinet, the A1 Dimension. 500 - 3 = 497.

Below. Cabinets that are joined together will provide a 3mm gap between the Doors.

Above. Two Single Door Cabinets and a Double Door Cabinet joined together.

To establish the C1 Dimension of the Double Door Cabinet subtract 6 from the Width of the Cabinet, the A1 Dimension and divide by 2.

1000 - 6 = 994            994 divided by 2 = 497             This Formula will give a gap of 3mm between the Doors.

 

Below. A drawing showing the Bottom Section of a Double Door Cabinet.

A = 1.5mm from the edge of the Right Hand Door to the Centre Line of the Cabinet.                                             B = 1.5mm from the edge of the Left Hand Door to the Centre Line of the Cabinet.                                               C = 3mm. The combined 1.5mm Dimensions of the edges of the two Doors to the Centre Line of the Cabinet. This 3mm is added to the two remaining 1.5mm Dimensions that illustrate the gaps from the edge of the Door to the edge of the Cabinet at the bottom Right and Left of the drawing.    

                                3 + 1.5 +1.5 = 6        A1 Dimension minus 6 divided by 2 = C1 Dimension

 

Type the answer below in numeric form. Example: "7" would be the correct form - Typing "seven" would show as incorrect.

To establish the C1 Dimension of the Door of a Single Cabinet subtract  mm from the A1 Dimension

Type the answer below in numeric form. Example: "7" would be the correct form - Typing "seven" would show as incorrect.

To establish the C1 Dimension of the Doors of a Double Cabinet subtract   mm from the A1 Dimension and divide by 

Type the answers below in numeric form. Example: "7" would be the correct form - Typing "seven" would show as incorrect.

With a Single Door Cabinet the edge of the Door is  mm from the edge of the Cabinet. With a Double Door Cabinet the edges of the Doors are  mm from the edge of the Cabinet. The gaps between the Doors of a Double Cabinet is   mm and the gaps between all the Doors of Cabinets that are joined are  mm

At The End Of This Lesson You Will Be Able To Compile A Cut List For A Wall To Wall And Floor To Ceiling Wardrobe System

Compiling A Cut List For The Lower Cabinets

When Compiling a Cut List a number of key  Dimensions have to be Established or Selected  as they Determine or Influence all the other Dimensions of the Components within the System.

  1. The Room Width has to be Established.
  2. Tolerances have to be Selected
  3. Subcontracting the Tolerances from the Room Width Establishes the Overall Width Of System.

Above. An example Room Width of 3429 mm  

With a Tolerance of 57 mm to each side of the System this will amount to 114 mm overall  (57 x 2 = 114)   

Therefore the Room Width of 3429  minus 114 = 3315. The Dimension arrived at is the Overall Width of system

The Dimension 

  • You will be required to look up the Overall Width of System in the Component Calculator. 

Component Calculator

 

  • From the Component Calculator you will be required to transfer all the information into the corresponding boxes in the Primary Grid below and enter the Floor to Ceiling Height.

 

  • From the Primary Grid you will be required to transfer all of the required information into the corresponding boxes in Cut List 1 below.

  • Above. Enter the D1 Dimension into the A2 Dimension box. These Dimensions are the same. 
  • Below. Drawing illustrating that the D1 Dimension and the A2 Dimension are the same.

 

Selecting The D2 Dimension Of The Lower Cabinets

 

  • Enter your selected  D2 Dimension of the Lower Cabinets into the indicated box below  in Grid B and follow the mathematical instruction to establish the B2 and C2 Dimensions. 

  • From Grid B above enter the D2, B2 and C2 Dimensions into the corresponding boxes in Cut List 1 below.

The Cut List reads as follows:

6 No. 1105 mm x 580 mm x 18 mm MDF - The Tops and Bottoms - Components A

3 No. 1105 mm x 1886 x 6mm MDF - The Backs - Components B (this is the only Component that is 6 mm in thickness)

6 No. 550 mm x 1886 mm x 18 mm MDF - The Doors - Components C

6 No. 580 mm x 1850 mm x 18 mm MDF - The Sides - Components D

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In the next section you will asked to fill out missing Dimensions for the Lower Cabinets of a Wall To Wall And Floor To Ceiling Wardrobe System.

To correctly answer these questions you will need to compile a full Cut List for a Furniture System where the Room Width is 4690 mm and the Floor To Ceiling Height is 2645 mm.

Go to http://furnitureformats.simplesite.com/340377971  (this link will open in a new window) where all the information, instructions and blank Cut Lists are located to do this exercise. 

You will be required to print out the Cut Lists and complete to answer the questions in the next section.

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Exercise For Compiling A Cut List For The Lower Cabinets Of A Wall To Wall And Floor To Ceiling System: Room Width: 4690 mm Floor To Ceiling Height: 2645 mm

The A1 Dimension of Component A for the Lower Cabinet is mm

The A2 Dimension of Component A for the Lower Cabinet is mm

The B1 Dimension of Component B for the Lower Cabinets is mm

The B2 Dimension of Component B for the Lower Cabinets is mm

The C1 Dimension of Component C for the Lower Cabinet is mm

The C2 Dimension of Component C for the Lower Cabinet is mm

The D1 Dimension of Component D for the Lower Cabinet is mm 

The D2 Dimension of Component D for the Lower Cabinet is mm

There are pieces of Component A in this Cut List

There are pieces of Component B in this Cut List

There are pieces of Component C in this Cut List

There are  pieces of Component D in this Cut List

The thickness of Component A is mm

The thickness of Component B is mm

The thickness of Component C is mm

The thickness of Component D is mm

 

Compiling The Cut List For The Upper Cabinets

 The Upper Cabinets

Establishing The D2 Dimension Of The Upper Cabinets

Establishing  the D2 Dimension of the Upper Cabinet will influence the B2 and C2 Dimensions of Components B and C.

The A1, B1 and C1 Dimensions are the same as the Lower Cabinets and they are in the Primary Grid. The amount of the Components required per Cabinet are also the same.  Below. Left Hand Side of drawing: The make up Dimensions of the System.                                                  Right Hand side of drawing: The Floor To Ceiling Height - 2728 mm. 

There are two types of Dimensions that make up the Height of a System, Constant Dimensions and Variable Dimensions (read the drawing above together with the information in the Three Columns below.) and you will be required to input the Dimensions of material you select and the Internal Height of the Lower Cabinet that you choose, the D2 Dimension.

  1.  Constant Dimensions - These Dimensions won't change. They are the thickness of components A in the System. (Column 1 below)
  2.  Variable Dimensions - These Dimensions are the Height of material that you will have selected to use, the D2 Dimension of the Lower Cabinets that you will have selected  and the Tolerance at the top of the System that you will have selected. (Column 2 below)
  3.  The Total of all the Dimensions added together. (Column 3 below)

Compiling The Cut List For The Upper Cabinets

  • From the Primary Grid above, transfer all of the required information into the corresponding boxes in Cut List 1 below. 

  • Above. Transfer the D1 Dimension into the A2 Dimension box. These Dimensions are the same. 

  • Enter the  Floor To Ceiling Height and the A - I Total into the indicated boxes in Grid A below and follow the mathematical instruction to establish the D2 Dimension

  • Enter the D2 Dimension into Grid B below and follow the mathematical instruction to establish the B2 and C2 Dimensions

18 + 18 = 36                        D2 Dimension + 36 = B2 Dimension & C2 Dimension

  • Enter the D2, B2 and C2 Dimensions into the Cut List below

Cut List For The Upper Cabinets

6 No. 1105mm x 580mm x 18mm MDF

3 No. 1105mm x 676mm x 6 mm MDF

6 No. 550mm x 676mm x 18 mm MDF

6 No. 580 mm x 640 mm x 18 mm MDF

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In the next section you will asked to fill out missing Dimensions for a Wall To Wall And Floor To Ceiling Wardrobe System.

To correctly answer these questions you will need to compile a full Cut List for a Furniture System where the Room Width is 4690 mm and the Floor To Ceiling Height is 2645 mm.

Go to http://furnitureformats.simplesite.com/340377971  (this link will open in a new window) where all the information, instructions and blank Cut Lists are located to do this exercise.

You will be required to print out the Cut Lists and complete to answer the questions in the next section.

Exercise For Compiling A Cut List For The Upper Cabinets Of A Wall To Wall And Floor To Ceiling System. Room Width: 4690 mm - Floor To Ceiling Height: 2645 mm

The A1 Dimension of Component A for the Upper Cabinet ismm

The A2 Dimension of Component A for the Upper Cabinet ismm

The B1 Dimension of Component B for the Upper Cabinet ismm

The B2 Dimension of Component B for the Upper Cabinet ismm

The C1 Dimension of Component C for the Upper Cabinet ismm

The C2 Dimension of Component C for the Upper Cabinet ismm

The D1 Dimension of Component D for the Upper Cabinet ismm

The D2 Dimension of Component D for the Upper Cabinet ismm

 There arepieces of Component A in this Cut List

There arepieces of Component B in this Cut List

There arepieces of Component C in this Cut List

There arepieces of Component D in this Cut List

The thickness of Component A ismm

The thickness of Component B ismm

The thickness of Component C ismm

The thickness of Component D ismm

At The End Of This Lesson You Will Be Able To Identify The Different Types Of Shelves And Dividers And Their Relationship To Each Other And The Cabinet

Shelves And Dividers

Shelves and Dividers are Secondary Components of the Cabinets. There can be as many or as few Shelves as required. 

Shelves

The shelves are identified as Component J although they may be of different Widths. The letter J is given to the Shelf or Shelves of the longest length and subsequent shelves are denoted J/2, J/3 and so on according to their length. 

In the Top Centre Cabinet in the drawing below there is one Full Length Shelf, Component J. In the adjacent Cabinets there is a Shelf and Divider. They are approximately  half the Width of the internal Dimension of the Cabinet, Component J/2.

Shelves - J and J/2

In the Lower Cabinets there are six Shelves and one Divider in both the Left and Right Cabinets providing a full length hanging rail in the remaining spaces and there is one Full Length Shelf with hanging space below in the Centre Cabinet.

 

Shelves - J/3 

Above examples a different Shelf Width in the Centre Cabinet - J/3. It is approximately one third of the internal Width of the Cabinet, providing double hanging space either side.  A situation such as this will require two Dividers.

It is possible to have  Shelves of different Widths in different Cabinets but the Depth of the Shelves will remain the same, unless changed for  a specific reason.

 

 

Dividers

In the Furniture System and Cabinets exampled throughout a standard Depth has been illustrated.

In the image below the Depth of Components A and D is 580mm and it is this Dimension that  determines the Depth of the Divider which in turn determines the depth of the Shelf or Shelves.

  • Components A and D = 580mm
  • Component K = 550mm
  • Component J = 530mm

Component K, the Divider is 30mm less than Components A and D 

In turn Component J is 20mm less than the Divider and can be of any Width by choice, need or requirement. 

 

The Dividers that are longest in Height  are identified as Component K. The Dividers in the Upper Cabinets are identified as K/2. 

In the Drawing above there are two different Height Cabinets in the Furniture System, the Upper Cabinets and the Lower Cabinets. The Upper Cabinets are the same Height as each other as are the Lower Cabinets. The

What Depth Is A Shelf ?

  • 580mm
  • 550mm
  • 530mm

Match The Statements To The Applicable Answers

  • What Depth Is A Shelf ?
    530mm
  • What Identification Code Is Given To A Divider ?
    K
  • What Depth Is A Divider ?
    550mm
  • What Identification Code Is Given To A Shelf ?
    J
  • A Divider Is 30mm less Than What ?
    580mm

At The End Of This Lesson You Will Be Able To Understand The Function Of Components E, F. G, H, And I, The Facing Up Components

The Horizontal And Vertical Facing Up Components

The Horizontal Facing Up Components

Below shows the Facing Up Components expanded away from the Furniture System.

Components E, F, and G are the Horizontal Facing Up Components that cover up the edges of Component A of  the Lower and Top Cabinets and the Softwood timber. 

One way to remember the Horizontal Components E, F and G is that:

E = elevated and is the top component. G = ground and  is the bottom component and alphabetically F is in the middle.

Below. The Cabinets with the softwood timber section at the side of the System and in between the Lower and Upper Cabinets. These  completely consolidate the System. 

 

 

The Vertical Facing Up Components

Below shows the Facing Up Components fixed to the Furniture System, illustrating Components H and I, the Vertical  Facing Up Components.

Components H are positioned beside the walls, cover the edge of Component D and the softwood timber section and are flush with the inside of the Cabinet.

Components I cover the joint where the Cabinets are joined together and conceal the edges of  Component D. It is the only Facing Up Component that does not cover up a section of softwood timber.

One way of remembering that H and I are Vertical Components is that: 

by design they both point straight up and down, to the ceiling and to the floor 

For remembering the correct location of  Component H  the very shape of "H" denotes the two verticals on the outside, or against the walls, so what Components remain in between can only be Component I.

Below the image shows the Components  E, F, G, H and I

  • Components E, F and G are concealing the edges of Components A of the Lower and Upper Cabinets and the softwood timber behind.
  • Component H is concealing the edges of Component D and the softwood timber behind.
  • Components I are concealing the edges of Component D and the joint of the Cabinets.

Above. The image also shows a Divider and some Shelves within a Cabinet which will be covered in the next section. It also shows a Slimlined (more on this in the Course) Cabinet which conceals a Chimney Breast.

 

Components E, F and G are described as what Components and their function is ? Select Two Answers From Below.

  • Vertical Components
  • Covering the edges of Component A and the softwood timber
  • Horizontal Components
  • Covering the edges of Component D and the softwood timber
  • Covering the edges of Components D and the joint of adjoined Cabinets

Where is Component H located and what is its function

  • It is located at the bottom of the system and its function is conceal the edges of Components A and the softwood timber
  • It is located on two adjoining Cabinets and its function is to cover the joint
  • It is located at the wall end of the System and its function is to cover the edge of Component D and conceal the softwood timber

Identify The Horizontal Components

  • Component H
  • Component G
  • Component D
  • Component F
  • Component I
  • Component E

Which Facing Up Component Does Not Conceal A Section Of Softwood Timber

  • Component F
  • Component H
  • Component E
  • Component I
  • Component G

Identify The Vertical Facing Up Components

  • Component F
  • Component H
  • Component E
  • Component I
  • Component G

Which Facing Up Components Conceal A Section Of Softwood Timber ? Select All That Apply

  • Component G
  • Component E
  • Component H
  • Component F