Module 3a (Theory): IASC Reference Module for the Implementation of the Humanitarian Programme Cycle (HPC) DUE: 12 FEB 2016
- Read the entirety of the HPC Reference Module (see below or click on the link above)
- Complete the following post-reading quiz
What is the purpose of the “Humanitarian Programme Cycle (HPC)
- Jointly define the overall shape of the response and understand what needs to be done at a given moment in line with agreed objectives in order to ensure a more coherent, effective and accountable response
- Define the roles and responsibilities of international humanitarian actors and the way that they interact with each other, with national and local authorities, with civil society, and with people affected by crises
- Assist the Humanitarian Coordinator and Humanitarian Country Team to improve the delivery of humanitarian assistance and protection through better preparing, prioritizing, steering and monitoring the collective response through informed decision-making
- Provide a standard and adaptable set of tools for use in humanitarian crises globally
- Influence programming and resource allocations of all actors – including United Nations (UN) agencies, non-governmental organizations (NGOs), civil society and governments
- Ensure that humanitarian response delivers life-saving assistance to those in need
The Humanitarian Program Cycle applies to all humanitarian crises (except refugee crisis), but its process, timeline, tools and documents can be used flexibly and be adapted to the circumstances/needs of the particular emergency at hand
The Humanitarian Program Cycle distinguishes and provides different flexible timelines of implementation for which two types of emergencies?
- War and Peace (Война и мир)
- L3 and L4
- Natural and man made
- Response and Recovery
- Sudden onset/escalations and Protracted
The Reference Module is a protocol developed to support the implementation of which following IASC initiative?
- COP 21
- Agenda 2015
- IASC Transformative Agenda
Which is not an element of the “Humanitarian Programme Cycle (HPC)”?
- Emergency Response Preparedness
- Needs Assessment and Analysis
- Strategic Response Planning
- Implementation and Monitoring
- Resource Mobilization
- Rest and Recuperation
- Operational Peer Review and Evaluation
Why are the assessment and/or secondary data collection and analysis and the development of the Humanitarian Needs Overview/MIRA Report so important?
- The HNO/MIRA report will inform objectives, strategies and funding requirements in the HRP, which in turn serves as the basis for implementing and monitoring the collective response
- The HNO/MIRA report are the primary document utilized for resource mobilization documents and their persuasiveness crucial for the entire funding of the humanitarian response
- The HNO/MIRA report provides Cluster partners with clear guidance on strategies and activities to implement to address humanitarian crisis.
What is the purpose of the Humanitarian Response Plan (HRP)?
- To set the direction and strategic objectives of the humanitarian response.
- To indicate each cluster/sector’s contribution toward meeting the strategic objectives.
- To provide strategic objectives, indicators and targets for monitoring progress.
- To ensure the contextual, institutional and programmatic risks to the achievement of the strategic objectives are identified.
- To link to the existing development plan (if applicable) and indicate how the response will provide a path into recovery and build resilience.
- To mobilize resources for the humanitarian response
What are the different steps of the development of the HRP?
Review the HNO and identify capacities, assets and operational constraints in order to determine how to address needs in a given context.Step 1
Convene a meeting or workshop of humanitarian stakeholders to review the ‘response analysis’ and lines the boundaries, sets priorities within those boundaries and assumptions. Agree on strategic objectives and indicatorsStep 2
Hold cluster/sector meetings to determine cluster/ sector objectives and key activities – in line with the strategic objectives – and then (if applicable) prepare projects according to an agreed process, criteria and a division of labourStep 3
Draft/compile the humanitarian response plan and circulate it to the HC and HCT for validationStep 4
Consult government, development actors, civil society and affected people throughoutStep 5
Disseminate the plan broadly to ensure its use in each organization’s programming and fundraisingStep 6
Use the strategic objectives and indicators to develop a response monitoring framework and as the basis of reporting on results in the periodic monitoring report.Step 7
What are the Steps of Humanitarian Response Plan Monitoring?
- Monitoring, Evaluation, Accountability and Learning
- Inputs, Activities, Outputs, Outcomes, Impact
- Preparation, Monitoring and Reporting
What are some of the donor considerations to keep in mind as a Coordinator?
- The credibility and accuracy of assessed needs
- The strategy and response priorities
- The perceived reasonableness of funding requirements
- Perception of the ‘collectiveness’ of engagement under the programme cycle
Who is responsible for resource mobilization for the HRP?
- The Humanitarian Coordinator
- The Humanitarian Country Team
What are some possibilities for resource mobilization?
- Briefings for donors on needs, strategy and funding requirements
- Fundraising brochures/pamphlets, infographics, or other documents, which tell a compelling story focused on people in need and the impact of funding/underfunding
- Live 8 concerts
- Regular, up-to-date reporting on pledges and contributions
- Applications to Common Funds (through OCHA)
- Wait and See
- Donor pledging conferences
What are cross-cutting topics to consider in the Humanitarian Program Cycle to ensure quality and accountability of the response?
- Accountability to Affected People
- Minimum Standards
- Cross cutting issues and Gender Equality
- Exit and Early Recovery