Sentence Structure Lesson

Sentence Structure

Introduction/Objectives

Welcome to your lesson about sentence structure

You will learn simple, compound, and combining sentence structure.

Upon completion of the lesson, you will be able to receive an 80% on an end of lesson assessment.

Basic Sentences

•A very basic sentence that contains a subject and a predicate

•Expresses one complete thought

•Does not start with a prepositional phrase

Examples:

1.Leslie will sing in the talent show.

2.Joe camped with his Boy Scout troop.

3.Aaron draws very well.

Non-examples:

1.Leslie in talent show. (no predicate)

2.Camping with Boy Scouts is. (not a complete thought)

3.Because Aaron draws very well. (begins with a preposition)

Simple Sentences

A simple sentence may contain a compound subject, a compound predicate, or both.

 

Examples:

1.    Leslie and Mark will sing in the talent show.

2.    Leslie will sing and dance in the talent show.

 

  1. Leslie and Mark will sing and dance in the talent show.

Compound Sentence

  • A sentence that contains two or more complete thoughts (independent clauses).

  • The independent clauses are usually joined by a comma and a conjunction (think FANBOYS).

  • Sometimes a semicolon (;) is used to join compound sentences.

 

Examples:

Leslie will sing in the talent show, and we expect her to win first place.

 

Leslie is scheduled to sing in the talent show, but she has strep throat.

 

Leslie is not singing in the talent show; I will take her place.

Father was a carpenter by trade, and he built us a sturdy home.

  • Compound sentence
  • Simple sentence

My father built our home and business after the War for Independence ended in 1783.

  • Compound sentence
  • Simple Sentence

The size of the room did not match the size of our family.

  • Compound Sentence
  • Simple sentence

Combining Sentences

Combine sentences with similar ideas by combining subjects or predicates to make a compound subject or compound predicate.

 

 

Examples:

◦Leslie is an excellent singer. Mark is also an excellent singer.

Leslie and Mark are excellent singers.

◦Joe camped with his Boy Scout troop. He also hiked with his troop.

Joe camped and hiked with his Boy Scout troop.

 

Combining Sentences

If there are more than two items in a series, connect them with a comma after each item (except the last one). Include a conjunction before the last item.

 

Examples:

◦Leslie is an excellent singer. Mark is an excellent singer. Peter is also an excellent singer.

Leslie, Mark, and Peter are excellent singers.

◦Joe camped with his Boy Scout troop. He hiked with his troop. He also swam with his troop.

Joe camped, hiked, and swam with his Boy Scout troop.

Combining Sentences

Combine two simple sentences that are related by making one compound sentence. Add a comma + conjunction between them.

 

Examples:

◦Leslie will sing in the talent show. We expect her to win first place.

Leslie will sing in the talent show, and we expect her to win first place.

◦Joe camped with his Boy Scout troop. They had to come home early.

Joe camped with his Boy Scout troop, but they had to come home early.

◦Aaron draws very well. He was selected to enter the poster contest.

Aaron draws very well, so he was selected to enter the poster contest.

Wendy ran to catch the train. She got there too late. Which sentence is accurate?

  • Wendy ran to catch the train, but got there too late
  • Wendy ran to catch the train; she was too later

Assessment

The water in the washbasin was cloudy, and the facecloth smelled like old cheese.

  • Compound sentence
  • Simple sentence

The diner has great steaks. It has cheap hamburgers. It has crisp French fries.

  • The diner has great steaks, cheap hamburgers, and crisp French fries.
  • The diner has great steaks; it has cheap hamburgers; and it has crisp French fries.
  • The diner has great steaks and cheap hamburgers and crisp French fries.
  • The diner has great steaks and cheap hamburgers and crisp French fries.

Untitled multiple choice question

  • Put your answer option here
  • Put your answer option here

Peter plays tennis. He sings in the choir.

  • Peter plays tennis and Peter sings in the choir.
  • Peter plays tennis and sings in the choir.

I couldn’t throw it into High Street; it might spook one of the horses.

  • Compound sentence
  • Simple sentence