Knowledge Check 1
Knowledge Check 2
Umpires, oversee the game to ensure fair and safe play. Umpires use hand gestures and verbal calls to signal their rulings on the field. In this section, you’ll learn the general rules of being an umpire and the types of umpires and their responsibilities
The umpire in chief (i.e., plate umpire) is positioned behind the catcher and has several important duties. In addition to being responsible for the proper conduct of the game as a whole, the plate umpire:
Which of the following are responsibilities of the umpire in chief (plate umpire)?
Select all that apply
The base umpire (i.e., field umpire) has a variety of responsibilities on the field. Primary calls include calling base runners safe or out at one of the bases. In order to fairly determine if a player is safe or out, the base umpire must watch for:
The plate and the field umpire have a few shared authorities that can be exerted when necessary. These authorities are:
Solo umpires are responsible for almost every aspect of a game. When officiating alone, the umpire must take on the jobs of both the plate and the field umpire.
A solo umpire starts out positioned behind the catcher to call balls and strikes. When a ball is hit, they relocate to a spot on the field where they can give their best judgement when carrying out their miscellaneous duties until the play is over and the ball is not in play.
Umpires use hand gestures and verbal calls to signal their rulings on the field. Gestures are combined with vocalizations to more clearly convey information to the players and audience.
In this section, you’ll learn when and how to make the appropriate call during a game by utilizing the proper hand signals and vocalizations.
Extend your right hand towards the pitcher with your palm facing outwards.
1. Extend both arms together in front of you
2. Give a quick, sweeping motion outward, roughly parallel to the ground, palms down.On close plays, you can verbalize the call.
1. The plate umpire should come out from behind the plate and up the foul line to better visualize the ball.
2. He should then straddle the line and stop as the ball approaches the bag or the line.
3. Point into fair territory with either your left or right arm to indicate that the ball is fair.A fair ball is never verbalized
1. Raise right arm to shoulder level
2. Bend the elbow at 90°
3. Hammer fist downOnly verbalize the strike if the batter doesn't swingOn a Strikeout, add vocal emphasis to your call and say, "three" or "strike three"
1. Make a fist with the right hand
2. Extend your right arm above your headYell, Infield Fly, while making the call.
1. Extend you left arm and brush the back of your left hand with your right hand,
2. Signal the strike with the right hand.Never verbalize "foul tip" because this could be confused with a call of "foul."
Show the number of balls using the fingers on with left hand and the number of strikes with the right.A verbal report is made usually after the second or third pitch and from then on.
Wave or point to the pitcher, using the hand that is closer to him or her.“Play ball” should be announced.
1. Form a fist with the right hand
2. Deliver a quick, sharp blow.Vocalize, "Out" while executing the hammering motion
Fill in the blanks below to complete the instructions on how to call a Foul Tip.
1. Extend you arm and brush the back of your left hand with your right hand
2. Signal a with the right hand.