A strong _____ was one way that
the Umayyads unified their vast empire.
Umayyad caliph _____ introduced
a common language of government and a
common coinage for the empire. These steps
also helped to unify the empire.
_____ was the capital of the Abbasid
empire during its golden age.
Abd al-Rahman built the kingdom of
_____, or Muslim Spain, with Córdoba
as its capital.
What areas did the Umayyads add to the Muslim Empire?
much of Central Asia, western North Africa, Peninsula.
How did a common language, coinage system, and religious practices help to unify the peoples of the Umayyad Empire?
A common of government helped to improve communication among the different provinces. A common made commerce among the different parts of the empire much easier. Common practices provided a sense of unity among the peoples of the empire.
What mathematical and medical developments did Muslims make during the Abbasid period?
borrowed the numbering system and the concept of zero from Indian scholars. This resulted in the numbering system still used by much of the world today. Muslim scholars also gathered and improved upon ancient knowledge. Some of their work remained as important medical references for hundreds of years.
Why did the Abbasids eventually lose control ofthe Muslim Empire?
The Abbasids often ignored their government responsibilities and some groups challenged Abbasid rule. The Fatimids drove them out of North Africa and set up their own caliphate. Later, the took control.
How did the Umayyads create a powerful kingdom in Spain?
various Muslim factions, encouraged Umayyad loyalists to come to Spain
What economic and cultural activities took place in Córdoba?
in Córdoba produced silk, leather, carpets, weapons, and crystal glass. produced rice, figs, cherries, apricots, peaches, cotton, and olives. in Córdoba made important contributions to the study of mathematics, astronomy, geography, medicine, and philosophy.