B1 Part B

Modal Verbs

What are modal verbs?

Modalverbs are used to express :

•Ability

•May / Might

•Shall / Should

•Must / have to

•Will/ Would


MUST

STRONG OBLIGATION

- You must stop talking when the lesson starts.

MUST NOT

PROHIBITION

- You must not smoke indoors.

CAN

ABILITY / PERMISSION

- I can speak English

- Can I use your pen please?

COULD

ABILITY (PAST) / POLITE PERMISSION / POSSIBILITY

- When I was younger, I could run fast

- Excuse me, could I just say something ?

- Itcould rain tomorrow

MAY

PERMISSION / POSSIBILITY

- May I use your pen please ?                              

- It may rain tomorrow.     

MIGHT

POSSIBILITY / POLITE PERMISSION

- I might go to Australia next year.

- Might I suggest an Idea ?

SHOULD / OUGHT TO

ADVICE / CONCLUSIONS

- You should revise your lessons.

- You should be very tired from all those english lessons.

HAD BETTER

ADVICE

- You’d better revise your lessons.

Choose the correct modal verb to complete the sentence

There are lots of books on the shelves, but they were so high up he ___________ reach them.

  • musn’t
  • couldn't
  • may not
  • should not

Choose the correct modal verb to complete the sentence

  1. Do you speak English ? No I __________________.

  • shouldn't
  • may not
  • mustn't
  • can't

Choose the correct modal verb to complete the sentence

He_______________ be so tired after such hard work.

  • had better
  • should
  • must
  • may

Make and Do

What are the differences between make and do?

Make is used to talk about producing, constructing, creating or building something new.

• To make a dress

• Make a dress

• Make a bracelet 


Make is also used to talk about the materials used to make something or the country where it is made.

• The dress was made in China 

• The belt is made of leather 


Do is used to talk about work, a job, a task or household activities.

• Do your homework

• Do a translation

• Do the gardening


Dois also used for general activities without being specific.

• What are you doing the week-end?

•She does everything around this house.

Complete each sentence with the correct form of « make » and « do ».

1) Please your best to get these typed before 5 o’clock.

2) If we don't get some orders soon we'll have to some of our workers redundant.

3) I’ve got all the invoices to before I can go home.

Complete each sentence with the correct form of « make » and « do ».

4) They could with some computer paper in the wages office.

5) A customer has a complaint about one of our salespeople.

6) Who shall I the cheque out to?

Complete each sentence with the correct form of « make » and « do ».

7) Can you some of the paperwork I gave you yesterday?

8) I would like to an appointment with the doctor.

9) Increasing production will even more demands on machinery which is already breaking down at an alarming rate.

10) The bank has decided to extra provision against bad debts this year.

Giving Advice

There are two modal verbs we often use for giving advice : « Should » and « ought to »

Asking for advice


What do you think I should do?

What should I do?

What do you suggest?

What do you advise me to do?

If you were me what would you do?

What ought I to do?

Do you think that I should…?

Giving Advice


If I were you I would/wouldn’t….

If I were in your shoes/position I would…

You had better/ you’d better…..

You should…

Your only option is to….

Why don’t you….?

Have you thought about….?

Have you tried…?

I advise you to………..

Connect the halves together to make full sentences

  • You probably ought to tell
    your family about your plans
  • I think you should ask
    for advice from a career counselor
  • Perhaps you ought to decide
    if you want to be on call 24-7

Complete the sentences with the right modal verb. (should / ought to / should / shouldn't)

It’s raining, you take an umbrella.

 

Tom drink too much coffee. It’s bad for his health.

 

They have a test tomorrow. They go to the cinema. They stay at home and study.

Complete the sentences with the right modal verbs (should / ought to)

I have an important meeting tomorrow.  What I wear ? A dress or a pair of trousers.

 

I continue reading if I have some time.
b) Yes, you

 

First, know yourself ! You ask yourself exactly what you want from a job.

Complete the sentences with the right modal verbs (should / shouldn't / would / ought to)

 

You turn off the lights before you go out.

 

You take the day off. You seem sick.

 

If  I were you, I try and call your clients.
 

You go out too late. You’ve got work tomorrow.

Adjectives -ed and -ing

Adjectives -ED and -ING

•  Adjectives that end with ‘-ed’ describe emotions 

– they tell us how people feel about something. 

For example : I was very bored in the maths lesson. I almost fell asleep.


  Adjectives that end ‘-ing’ describe the thing that causes the emotion 

– a boring lesson makes you feel bored.

Select the correct answers to fill in the gaps

Have you been outside ? It’s absolutely

 

You look really . Why don’t you go home ?

 

I’m very by your behaviour

Select the correct answers to fill in the gaps

Sit down ! I’ve got some really news for you.

 

I didn’t get enough sleep last night. I’m really

 

I didn’t understand the film last night. I’m really

Select the correct answers to fill in the gaps

Last night I watched a horror movie. I was (frightening/frightened).

When I hear a joke, I’m (amusing/amused)